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Journal Articles

Aarts, K., & Thomassen, J. (2008). Satisfaction with Democracy: Do Institutions Matter? Electoral Studies, 27(1), 5-18. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.005

Abou-Chadi, T. (2018). Electoral competition, political risks, and parties’ responsiveness to voters’ issue priorities. Electoral Studies, 55, 99-108. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2018.08.012

Abou-Chadi, T., & Stoetzer, L. F. (2020). How Parties React to Voter Transitions. American Political Science Review, 114(3), 940-945. doi:10.1017/S0003055420000155

Achen, C. H. (2005). Two-Step Hierarchical Estimation: Beyond Regression Analysis. Political Analysis, 13(4), 447-456. doi:10.1093/pan/mpi033

Adams, J. (2015). On the relationship between (parties’ and voters’) issue attention and their issue positions: response to Dowding, Hindmoor and Martin. Journal of Public Policy, 6. doi:10.1017/S0143814X1500015X

Alber, J., & Kohler, U. (2007). Die Ungleichheit der Wahlbeteiligung in Europa und den USA und die politische Integrationskraft des Sozialstaats. Leviathan, 35(4), 510-539. doi:10.1007/s11578-007-0030-6

Albright, J. J. (2009). Does Political Knowledge Erode Party Attachments?: A Review of the Cognitive Mobilization Thesis Electoral Studies, 28(2), 248-260. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2009.01.001

Alvarez, R. M., & Katz, G. (2009). Structural Cleavages, Electoral Competition and Partisan Divide: A Bayesian Multinomial Probit Analysis of Chile’s 2005 Election. Electoral Studies, 28(2), 177-189. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.08.001

Anderson, C. D. (2006). Economic Voting and Multi-level Governance: A Comparative Individual-Level Analysis. American Journal of Political Science, 50(2), 449-463. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00194.x

Anderson, C. J., & Beramendi, P. (2012). Left Parties, Poor Voters, and Electoral Participation in Advanced Industrial Societies. Comparative Political Studies, 45(6), 714-746. doi:10.1177/0010414011427880

Anderson, C. J., & Just, A. (2012). Legitimacy from above: the partisan foundations of support for the political system in democracies. European Political Science Review, 5(3), 335-362. doi:10.1017/S1755773912000082

Anderson, C. J., & Just, A. (2012). Partisan legitimacy across generations. Electoral Studies, 31(2), 306-316. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2011.11.003

Arenas Gómez, J. C., & Escobar, J. C. E. (2000). Las elecciones de octubre en Medellín: candidaturas, temas y resultados. Estudios Políticos, 17, 91-118. doi:64614624

Baldwin, K., & Huber, J. D. (2010). Economic versus cultural differences: Forms of ethnic diversity and public goods provision. American Political Science Review, 104(104), 18. doi:10.1017/S0003055410000419

Banducci, S. A., & Karp, J. A. (2000). Gender, Leadership and Choice in Multiparty Systems. Political Research Quarterly, 53(4), 815-848. doi:10.1177/106591290005300407

Barcelo, J., & Muraoka, T. (2018). The effect of variance in district magnitude on party system inflation. Electoral Studies, 54, 44-55. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2018.04.016

Bargsted, M. A., & Kedar, O. (2009). Coalition-Targeted Duvergerian Voting: How Expectations Affect Voter Choice under Proportional Representation. American Journal of Political Science, 53(2), 307-323. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2009.00372.x

Bawn, K., & Somer-Topcu, Z. (2012). Government versus Opposition at the Polls: How Governing Status Affects the Impact of Policy Positions. American Journal of Political Science, 56(2), 433-446. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00563.x

Beauregard, K. (2013). Gender, political participation and electoral systems: A cross-national analysis. European Journal of Political Research. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12047

Bélanger, É. (2004). Antipartyism and Third-Party Vote Choice. A Comparison of Canada, Britain and Australia. Comparative Political Studies, 37(9), 1054-1078. doi:10.1177/0010414004268847

Beltrán, U. (2007). Institutional Contexts and Individual Decisions: Fourth National CIDE-CSES Survey. Politica y Gobierno, 14(2), 467-490. doi:999

Bernauer, J., Giger, N., & Rosset, J. (2013). Mind the gap: Do proportional electoral systems foster a more equal representation of women and men, poor and rich? International Political Science Review. doi:10.1177/0192512113498830

Bernauer, J., & Vatter, A. (2012). Can’t get no satisfaction with the Westminster model? Winners, losers and the effects of consensual and direct democratic institutions on satisfaction with democracy. European Journal of Political Research, 51(4), 435-468. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.02007.x

Bernhagen, P. (2008). Business and International Environmental Agreements: Domestic Sources of Participation and Compliance by Advanced Industrialized Democracies. Global Environmental Politics, 8(1), 78-110. doi:10.1162/glep.2008.8.1.78

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2007). The Partisan Effects of Low Turnout: Analyzing Vote Abstention as a Missing Data Problem. Electoral Studies, 26(3), 548-560. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2006.10.002

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2007). Voting and Protesting: Explaining Citizen Participation in Old and New European Democracies. Democratization, 14(1), 44-72. doi:10.1080/13510340601024298

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2010). Missing Voters, Missing Data: Using Multiple Imputation to Estimate the Effects of Low Turnout. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 20(4), 447-472. doi:10.1080/17457289.2010.512840

Berz, J. (2019). Potent executives: the electoral strength of prime ministers in Central Eastern Europe. East European Politics. doi:10.1080/21599165.2019.1662400

Best, R. E., Budge, I., & Mcdonald, M. D. (2012). Representation as a median mandate: Taking cross-national differences seriously. European Journal of Political Research, 51(1), 1-23. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.01996.x

Birch, S. (2007). Electoral Systems and Electoral Misconduct. Comparative Political Studies, 40(12), 1533-1556. doi:10.1177/0010414006292886

Birch, S. (2008). Electoral Institutions and Popular Confidence in Electoral Processes: A Cross-National Analysis. Electoral Studies, 27(2), 305-320. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.01.005

Birch, S. (2010). Perceptions of Electoral Fairness and Voter Turnout. Comparative Political Studies, 43(12), 1601-1622. doi:10.1177/0010414010374021

Birch, S. (2011). Post-Soviet Electoral Practices in Comparative Perspective. Europe-Asia Studies, 63(4), 703-725. doi:10.1080/09668136.2011.566431

Birnir, J. K. (2007). Divergence in Diversity? The Dissimilar Effects of Cleavages on Electoral Politics in New Democracies. American Journal of Political Science, 51(3), 602-619. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00270.x

Bischof, D. S., Roman. (2017). Simple politics for the people? Complexity in campaign messages and political knowledge. European Journal of Political Research. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12235

Blais, A., Gidengil, E., Nadeau, R., & Nevitte, N. (2001). Measuring Party Identification: Britain, Canada and the United States. Political Behavior, 23(1), 18. doi:0190-9320/01/0300-0005$19.50/0

Blais, A., Guntermann, E., & Bodet, M. A. (2006). Does Proportional Representation Foster closer Congruence between Citizens and Policy Makers? Comparative Political Studies, 39(10), 1243-1262. doi:10.1177/0010414005284374

Blais, A., Guntermann, E., & Bodet, M. A. (2016). Linking Party Preferences and the Composition of Government: A New Standard for Evaluating the Performance of Electoral Democracy. Political Science Research and Methods, 5(2), 315-331. doi:10.1017/psrm.2015.78

Borooah, V. K., Katos, A. B., & Katsouli, E. (2013). Inter-country differences in voter satisfaction with the democratic process: a study of world elections. Public Choice, 157(3-4), 569-584. doi:10.1007/s11127-013-0134-2

Bosch, A., & Orriols, L. (2014). Ballot Structure and Satisfaction with Democracy. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 24(4), 493-511. doi:10.1080/17457289.2014.888434

Brader, T. A., Tucker, J. A., & Therriault, A. (2014). Cross Pressure Scores: An Individual-Level Measure of Cumulative Partisan Pressures Arising from Social Group Memberships. Political Behavior, 36(1), 23-51. doi:10.1007/s11109-013-9222-8

Brady, H. E. (2000). Contributions of Survey Research to Political Science. PS: Political Science & Politics, 33(1), 47-57. doi:10.2307/420775

Bridgewater, J., & Nagel, R. U. (2020). Is there cross-national evidence that voters prefer men as party leaders? No. Electoral Studies, 67. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2020.102209

Brockington, D. (2004). The Paradox of Proportional Representation: The Effect of Party Systems and Coalitions on Individuals’ Electoral Participation. Political Studies, 52(3), 469-490. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.2004.00491.x

Brockington, D. (2009). It’s about the Benefits: Choice Environments, Ideological Proximity and Individual Participation in 28 Democracies. Party Politics, 15(4), 435-454. doi:10.1177/1354068809334554

Burlacu, D. E. (2020). Corruption and Ideological Voting. British Journal of Political Science, 50(2), 435-456. doi:10.1017/S0007123417000758

Busch, K. B. (2016). Estimating parties’ left-right positions: Determinants of voters’ perceptions’ proximity to party ideology. Electoral Studies, 41, 159-178. doi:

Cakir, S. (2020). Polarized partisanship, over-stability and partisan bias in turkey. Turkish Studies, 21(4), 497-523. doi:10.1080/14683849.2019.1678030

Calvo, E., Chang, K., & Hellwig, T. (2014). Beyond assimilation and contrast: Information effects, ideoloical magnification, and the vote. Electoral Studies, 36, 94-106. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2014.07.003

Calvo, E., & Hellwig, T. (2010). Centripetal and Centrifugal Incentives under Different Electoral Systems. American Journal of Political Science, 55(1), 27-41. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2010.00482.x

Cameron, S. M. (2020). Government performance and dissatisfaction with democracy in Australia. Australian Journal of Political Science, 55(2), 170-190. doi:10.1080/10361146.2020.1755221

Carreras, M. (2016). High-Profile Female Executive Candidates and the Political Engagement of Women – A Multilevel Analysis. Political Research Quarterly. doi:10.1177/1065912916680034

Carreras, M., & Castaneda-Angarita, N. (2019). Economic adversity and electoral participation of vulnerable socioeconomic groups. Electoral Studies, 57, 110-120. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2018.11.004

Carreras, M., & İrepoğlu, Y. (2013). Trust in elections, vote buying, and turnout in Latin America. Electoral Studies, 32(4), 609-619. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2013.07.012

Carroll, R., & Kubo, H. (2018). Explaining citizen perceptions of party ideological positions: The mediating role of political contexts. Electoral Studies, 51, 14-23. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2017.11.001

Carty, R. K. (2013). Book Review: Political parties and democratic linkage: how parties organize democracy. Party Politics(19), 998-999. doi:10.1177/1354068813500732

Chen, T.-h. (2011). Uncovering the micro-foundations of turnout and electoral systems. Electoral Studies, 30(2), 295-308. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2011.01.001

Chiru, M., & Gherghina, S. (2012). When voter loyalty fails: party performance and corruption in Bulgaria and Romania. European Political Science Review, 4(1), 29-49. doi:10.1017/S1755773911000063

Choi, E., & Woo, J. (2010). Political corruption, economic performance, and electoral outcomes: a cross-national analysis. Contemporary Politics, 16(3), 249-262. doi:10.1080/13569775.2010.501636

Choi, J. Y., Kim, J., & Roh, J. (2015). Cognitive and partisan mobilization in new democracies: The case of South Korea. Party Politics, 12. doi:10.1177/1354068815620993

Christmann, P. (2018). Economic performance, quality of democracy and satisfaction with democracy. Electoral Studies, 53, 79-89.

Christmann, P., & Torcal, M. (2018). The Effects of Government System Fractionalization on Satisfaction With Democracy. Political Science Research and Methods, 6(3), 593-611. doi:10.1017/psrm.2017.23

Chu, Y.-h., & Huang, M. H. (2007). Partisanship and Citizen Politics in East Asia. Journal of East Asian Studies, 7(2), 295-321.

Claassen, C. (2019). Does Public Support Help Democracy Survive? American Journal of Political Science. doi:10.1111/ajps.12452

Clark, N. (2016). Explaining Political Knowledge: The Role of Procedural Quality in an Informed Citizenry. Political Studies. doi:10.1177/0032321716632258

Cooper, A. L. (2001). Nonminating Presidential Candidates: The Primary Season Compared to Two Alternatives. Political Research Quarterly, 54(4), 771-793. doi:10.1177/106591290105400405

Córdova, A., & Rangel, G. (2016). Addressing the Gender Gap: The Effect of Compulsory Voting on Women’s Electoral Engagement. Comparative Political Studies. doi:10.1177/0010414016655537

Cornejo, R. C. (2019). Partisanship and Question-Wording Effects: Experimental Evidence from Latin America. Public Opinion Quaterly, 83(1), 26-45. doi:10.1093/poq/nfz006

Costa, P., & da Silva, F. F. (2015). The Impact of Voter Evaluations of Leaders’ Traits on Voting Behaviour: Evidence from Seven European Countries. West European Politics. doi:10.1080/01402382.2015.1004231

Crisp, B. F., Olivella, S., & Potter, J. D. (2013). Party-System Nationalization and the Scope of Public Policy: The Importance of Cross-District Constituency Similarity. Comparative Political Studies, 46(4), 431-456. doi:10.1177/0010414012453714

Curini, L. (2015). Explaining party ideological stances. Public Choice(162), 17. doi:10.1007/s11127-014-0199-6

Curini, L., & Hino, A. (2012). Missing Links in Party-System Polarization: How Institutions and Voters Matter. The Journal of Politics, 74(2), 460-473. doi:10.1017/S0022381611001721

Curini, L., Jou, W., & Memoli, V. (2013). How moderates and extremists find happiness: Ideological orientation, citizen-government proximity, and life satisfaction. International Political Science Review. doi:10.1177/0192512113489922

Curtice, J. (2002). The State of Election Studies: Mid-Life Crisis or New youth? Electoral Studies, 21(2), 161-168. doi:10.1016/S0261-3794(01)00015-4

Cześnik, M. (2009). Voter Turnout Stability Evidence from Poland. Polish Sociological Review 65(1), 107-122. doi:999

da Silva, F. F. (2018). Fostering turnout?: Assessing party leaders’ capacity to mobilize voters. Electoral Studies, 56(December 2018), 61-79. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2018.09.013

Dahlberg, S. (2009). Political Parties and Perceptual Agreement: The Influence of Party Related Factors on Voters’ Perceptions in Proportional Electoral Systems. Electoral Studies, 28(2), 270-278. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2009.01.007

Dahlberg, S. (2013). Does context matter – The impact of electoral systems, political parties and individual characteristics on voters’ perceptions of party positions. Electoral Studies, 32(4), 670-683. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2013.02.003

Dahlberg, S., & Holmberg, S. (2014). Democracy and Bureaucracy: How their Quality Matters for Popular Satisfaction. West European Politics, 37(3), 515-537. doi:10.1080/01402382.2013.830468

Dahlberg, S., Linde, J., & Holmberg, S. (2015). Democratic Discontent in Old and New Democracies: Assessing the Importance of Democratic Input and Governmental Output. Political Studies, 63(1), 18-37. doi:10.1111/1467-9248.12170

Dalton, R. J. (2005). The Myth of the Disengaged American. Public Opinion Pros, (October 2005).

Dalton, R. J. (2006). Social Modernization and the End of Ideology Debate: Patterns of Ideological Polarization. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 7(1), 1-22. doi:10.1017/S1468109905002045

Dalton, R. J. (2008). The Quantity and the Quality of Party Systems. Party System Polarization, Its Measurement, and Its Consequences Comparative Political Studies, 41(7), 899-920. doi:10.1177/0010414008315860

Dalton, R. J. (2009). Economics, Environmentalism and Party Alignments: A Note on Partisan Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies. European Journal of Political Research, 48(2), 161-175. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2008.00831.x

Dalton, R. J., & McAllister, I. (2014). Random Walk or Planned Excursion? Continuity and Change in the Left-Right Positions of Political Parties. Comparative Political Studies, 29. doi:10.1177/0010414014558257

Dalton, R. J., & Tanaka, A. (2007). The Patterns of Party Polarization in East Asia. Journal of East Asian Studies, 7(2), 203-223.

Dalton, R. J., & Weldon, S. A. (2004). L’immagine dei partiti politici nell’opinione pubblica: un male necessario? [Public Images of Political Parties: A Necessary Evil?]. Rivista italiana di scienza politica, 34, 379-404. doi:10.1426/18700

Dalton, R. J., & Weldon, S. A. (2005). Public Images of Political Parties: A Necessary Evil? West European Politics, 28(5), 931-951. doi:10.1080/01402380500310527

Dalton, R. J., & Weldon, S. A. (2007). Partisanship and Party System Institutionalization. Party Politics, 13(2), 179-196. doi:10.1177/1354068807073856

Daoust, J.-F., Blais, A., & Peloquin-Skulski, G. (2019). What do voters do when they prefer a leader from another party? Party Politics. doi:10.1177/1354068819845100

Daoust, J.-F., & Nedau, R. (2020). Context matters: Economics, politics and satisfaction with democracy. Electoral Studies. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2020.102133

Dassonneville, R., Blais, A., & Dejaeghere, Y. (2015). Staying with the party, switching or exiting? A comparative analysis of determinants of party switching and abstaining. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties, 25(3), 387-405. doi:10.1080/17457289.2015.1016528

Dassonneville, R., & Dejaeghere, Y. (2014). Bridging the Ideological Space. A Cross-National Analysis of the Distance of Party Switching. European Journal of Political Research(53), 580-599. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12049

Dassonneville, R., & McAllister, I. (2018). Gender, Political Knowledge, and Descriptive Representation: The Impact of Long-Term Socialization. American Journal of Political Science, 62(2), 249-265. doi:10.1111/ajps.12353

Dassonneville, R., & McAllister, I. (2019). The party choice set and satisfaction with democracy. West European Politics, 43(1), 49-73. doi:10.1080/01402382.2019.1609286

Dassonneville, R., Nugent, M. K., Hooghe, M., & Lau, R. R. (2020). Do Women Vote Less Correctly? The Effect of Gender on Ideological Proximity Voting and Correct Voting. The Journal of Politics, 82(3). doi:10.1086/707525

Davis, N. T. (2014). Responsiveness and the rules of the game: How disproportionality structures the effects of winning and losing on external efficacy*. Electoral Studies, 36(2), 129-136. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2014.09.003

De Ferrari, I. (2015). The Successor Factor: Electoral Accountability in Presidential Democracies. Comparative Political Studies, 48(2), 193-230. doi:10.1177/0010414014546442

De Vries, C., & Giger, N. (2012). Holding Governments Accountable: Individual Heterogeneity in Performance Voting. European Journal of Political Research, 53(2), 345-362. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12033

De Vries, C., & Giger, N. (2013). Holding governments accountable? Individual heterogneity in performance. European Journal of Political Research. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12033

Dejaeghere, Y., & Dasonneville, R. (2015). A comparative investigation into the effects of party-system variables on party switching using individual-level data. Party Politics. doi:10.1177/1354068815576294

Dow, J. K. (2011). Party-System Extremism in Majoritarian and Proportional Electoral Systems. British Journal of Political Science, 41(02), 341-361. doi:10.1017/S0007123410000360

Dowley, K., & Silver, B. D. (2005). Cross-National Survey Research and Subnational Pluralism. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 17(2), 226-238. doi:10.1093/ijpor/edh052

Drummond, A. J. (2010). Assimilation, contrast and voter projections of parties in left-right space: Does the electoral system matter? Party Politics, 17(6), 711-743. doi:10.1177/1354068810376781

Drummond, A. J. L., Jacek. (2010). Reconstructing Galicia: Mapping the Cultural and Civic Traditions of the Former Austrian Galicia in Poland and Ukraine. Europe-Asia Studies, 62(8), 1311-1338. doi:10.1080/09668136.2010.504385

Duch, R. M., May, J., & Armstrong, D. A. (2010). Coalition-directed Voting in Multiparty Democracies. American Political Science Review, 104(4), 22. doi:10.1017/S0003055410000420

Ecker, A., Glinitzer, K., & Meyer, T. M. (2015). Corruption performance voting and the electoral context. European Political Science Review. doi:10.1017/S1755773915000053

Enyedi, Z. (2014). The discreet charm of political parties. Party Politics, 1-11. doi:10.1177/1354068813519959

Enyedi, Z., & Tóka, G. (2001). Moæ slabih: Politièke stranke u Maðarskoj [The Power of the Weak: Political Parties in Hungary]. Politièka Misao, 38(2), 68-90. doi:999

Etienne, A. (2007). Do Election Results Represent People’s Political Ideologies? A Study of the French 2002 Presidential Elections. French Politics, 5, 20-32. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200110

Ezrow, L., Homola, J., & Tavits, M. (2013). Voter polarization, Strength of Partisanship, and Support for Extremist Parties. Comparative Political Studies, 1-17. doi:10.1177/0010414013512605

Ezrow, L., Homola, J., & Tavits, M. (2014). When extremism pays: policy positions, voter certainty, and party supprot in postcommunist Europe. The Journal of Politics, 76(2), 535-547. doi:10.1017/S0022381613001461

Fails, M. D., & Pierce, H. N. (2008). Changing Mass Attitudes and Democratic Deepening. Political Research Quarterly, 63(1), 174-187. doi:10.1177/1065912908327603

Farrell, D., & McAllister, I. (2006). Voter Satisfaction and Electoral Systems: Does Preferential Voting in Candidate-Centred Systems make a Difference? European Journal of Political Research, 45(5), 723-749. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2006.00633.x

Ferland, B. (2015). A rational or a virtuous citizenry? e The asymmetric impact of biases in votes-seats translation on citizens’ satisfaction with democracy. Electoral Studies. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2015.03.008

Ferland, B. (2016). Revisiting the ideological congruence controversy. European Journal of Political Research, forthcoming.

Ferland, B. (2018). Ideological congruence over gevernment mandates under majoritarian and proportional representation electoral systems. West European Politics, 41(2), 350-383. doi:10.1080/01402382.2017.1367589

Ferland, B. (2018). Party responsiveness to public opinion and party supporters – Revisiting the mechanisms and motivations. Party Politics. doi:10.1177/1354068818777889

Ferland, B. (2019). A Gender Gap in Party Congruence and Responsiveness? Politics & Gender. doi:10.1017/S1743923X18000818

Ferland, B. (2020). Government Responsiveness under Majoritarian and (within) Proportional Electoral Systems. Government and Opposition, 55(4), 595-616. doi:10.1017/gov.2018.47

Ferland, B. (2020). Policy congruence and its impact on satisfaction with democracy. Electoral Studies. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2020.102204

Fisher, S. D., & Hobolt, S. B. (2010). Coalition Government and Electoral Accountability. Electoral Studies, 29(3), 358-369. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2010.03.003

Fisher, S. D., Lessard-Phillips, L., Hobolt, S. B., & Curtice, J. (2008). Disengaging Voters: Do Plurality Systems Discourage the Less Knowledgeable from Voting? Electoral Studies, 27(1), 89-104. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.001

Fortin-Rittberger, J. (2016). Cross-National Gender Gaps in Political Knowledge: How Much Is Due to Context? Political Research Quarterly. doi:10.1177/1065912916642867

Fortin-Rittberger, J. (2019). Political Knowledge: Assessing the Stability of Gender Gaps Cross-Nationally. International Journal of Public Opinion Research. doi:10.1093/ijpor/edz005

Fortin-Rittberger, J. H., Philipp; Dingler, Sarah C. (2017). The costs of electoral fraud: establishing the link between electoral integrity, winning an election, and satisfaction with democracy. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties, 27(3), 350-368. doi:10.1080/17457289.2017.1310111

Fraile, M. (2007). La influencia del conocimiento político en las decisiones de voto (The influence of political knowledge in voting decisions). Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociológicas(120), 41-74. doi:999

Fraile, M., & Gomez, R. (2015). Why Does Alejandro Know More about Politics than Catalina? Explaining the Latin American Gender Gap in Political Knowledge. Journal of Political Science. doi:10.1017/S0007123414000532

Franklin, M. N., & Wlezien, C. (2002). Reinventing Election Studies. Electoral Studies, 21(2), 331-338. doi:10.1016/S0261-3794(01)00024-5

Freire, A. (2004). Second-Order Elections and Electoral Cycles in Democratic Portugal. South European Society & Politics, 9(3), 54-79. doi:10.1080/1360874042000271861

Gallego, A. (2009). Where Else Does Turnout Decline Come From? Education, Age, Generation and Period Effects in Three European Countries. Scandinavian Political Studies, 32(1), 23-44. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9477.2008.00212.x

Gallego, A. (2010). Understanding Unequal Turnout: Education and Voting in Comparative Perspective. Electoral Studies, 29(2), 239-248. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2009.11.002

Gidengil, E., Blais, A., Nevitte, N., & Nadeau, R. (2001). The Correlates and Consequences of Anti-Partyism in the 1997 Canadian Election. Party Politics, 7(4), 491-513. doi:10.1177/1354068801007004005

Giger, N. (2010). Do voters punish the government for welfare state retrenchment A comparative study of electoral costs associated with social policy. Comparative European Politics, 8(4), 415-443. doi:10.1057/cep.2009.4

Giger, N. (2011). Is Social Policy Retrenchment Unpopular? How Welfare Reforms Affect Government Popularity. european sociological review. doi:10.1093/esr/jcr039

Golder, M., & Stramski, J. (2010). Ideological Congruence and Electoral Institutions. American Journal of Political Science, 54(1), 90-106. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2009.00420.x

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