Variable Table

Updated February 5, 2016

The below variable table is provided to help in understanding what content is available from CSES across all of its modules. Within each section, blue rows either distinguish among modules or highlight a group of variables, orange rows contain variable labels, grey rows contain variable names (by module), and white rows contain the associated variable or question text (by module).

The table is not intended to replace use of the CSES codebook and other documentation. Because the table merges multiple modules, questions do not necessarily appear in the order in which they were asked, and variables do not necessarily appear in the same order as in the codebooks.

Administrative Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
 
DATASET
A1001B1001C1001D1001
Dataset.Dataset.Dataset.Dataset.
DATASET VERSION
A1002B1002C1002D1002_VER
Dataset version.Dataset version.Dataset version.Dataset version.
DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER
A1002_DOIB1002_DOIC1002_DOID1002_DOI
Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.
ID VARIABLE - ELECTION STUDY (NUMERIC POLITY)
A1003B1003C1003D1003
Election Study Identifier, with Numeric Polity Component.Election Study Identifier, with Numeric Polity Component.Election Study Identifier: Numeric Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Numeric Polity Code and Election Year.
ID VARIABLE - ELECTION STUDY (ALPHABETIC POLITY)
A1004B1004C1004D1004
Election Study Identifier, with Alphabetic Polity Component.Election Study Identifier, with Alphabetic Polity Component.Election Study Identifier: Alphabetic Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Alphabetic Polity Code and Election Year.
ID VARIABLE - RESPONDENT
A1005B1005C1005D1005
Respondent Identifier, unique across dataset.Respondent Identifier, unique across dataset.Respondent Identifier.Respondent Identifier.
ID COMPONENT - POLITY - CSES CODE
A1006B1006C1006D1006
Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.
ID COMPONENT - POLITY - UN CODE
A1006_UNB1006_UNC1006_UN 
Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier. 
ID COMPONENT - POLITY - NAME
A1006_NAMB1006_NAMC1006_NAM 
Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier. 
ID COMPONENT - SAMPLE COMPONENT
A1007B1007C1007D1007
In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components as units of analysis, rather than the elections themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable reports 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable reports 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable is coded 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable is coded 001.
ID COMPONENT - ELECTION YEAR
A1008B1008C1008D1008
Election year.Election year.Election year.Election year.
ID COMPONENT - RESPONDENT WITHIN ELECTION STUDY
A1009B1009C1009D1009
Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.
ORIGINAL WEIGHT: SAMPLE

ORIGINAL WEIGHT: DEMOGRAPHIC

ORIGINAL WEIGHT: POLITICAL

A1010_1

A1010_2

A1010_3
B1010_1

B1010_2

B1010_3
C1010_1

C1010_2

C1010_3
D1010_1

D1010_2

D1010_3
   
FACTOR: MEAN OF SAMPLE WEIGHT

FACTOR: MEAN OF DEMOGRAPHIC WEIGHT

FACTOR: MEAN OF POLITICAL WEIGHT

A1011_1

A1011_2

A1011_3
B1011_1

B1011_2

B1011_3
C1011_1

C1011_2

C1011_3
D1011_1

D1011_2

D1011_3
   
POLITY WEIGHT: SAMPLE

POLITY WEIGHT: DEMOGRAPHIC

POLITY WEIGHT: POLITICAL

A1012_1

A1012_2

A1012_3
B1012_1

B1012_2

B1012_3
C1012_1

C1012_2

C1012_3
D1012_1

D1012_2

D1012_3
   
FACTOR: SAMPLE SIZE ADJUSTMENT
A1013B1013C1013D1013
   
DATASET WEIGHT: SAMPLE

DATASET WEIGHT: DEMOGRAPHIC

DATASET WEIGHT: POLITICAL

A1014_1

A1014_2

A1014_3
B1014_1

B1014_2

B1014_3
C1014_1

C1014_2

C1014_3
D1014_1

D1014_2

D1014_3
   
ELECTION TYPE
A1015B1015C1015D1015
Type of election.Type of election.Type of election.Type of election.
DATE FIRST ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - MONTH

DATE FIRST ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - DAY

DATE FIRST ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - YEAR

DATE SECOND ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - MONTH

DATE SECOND ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - DAY

DATE SECOND ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - YEAR
A1016

A1017

A1018

A1019

A1020

A1021
B1016

B1017

B1018

B1019

B1020

B1021
C1016

C1017

C1018

C1019

C1020

C1021
D1016

D1017

D1018

D1019

D1020

D1021
Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.
STUDY TIMING
A1022B1022C1022D1022
Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.
MODE OF INTERVIEW
A1023B1023C1023D1023
Mode of interview.Mode of interview.Mode of interview.Mode of interview.
INTERVIEWER WITHIN ELECTION STUDY
A1024B1024C1024D1024
Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.
INTERVIEWER GENDER
A1025B1025C1025D1025
Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.
DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - MONTH

DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - DAY

DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - YEAR

A1026

A1027

A1028
B1026

B1027

B1028
C1026

C1027

C1028
D1026

D1027

D1028
Date that the questionnaire was administered.Date that the questionnaire was administered.Date questionnaire administered.Date questionnaire administered.
DAYS INTERVIEW CONDUCTED POST ELECTION
A2026B2032C2032D1029
Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days after the election interview conducted.
LANGUAGE OF QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTRATION
D1030
Language of questionnaire administration.

Demographic Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
AGE
A2001B2001C2001 
Age of respondent (in years).Age of respondent (in years).Age of respondent (in years). 
DATE OF BIRTH OF RESPONDENT - MONTH

DATE OF BIRTH OF RESPONDENT - YEAR
   D2001_M

D2001_Y
   Date of birth of respondent.
GENDER

A2002B2002C2002D2002
Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.
EDUCATION
A2003B2003C2003D2003
Highest level of education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.
MARITAL STATUS
A2004B2004C2004D2004
Marital status of respondent.Respondent's marital status.Respondent's marital or civil union status.Respondent's marital or civil union status.
UNION MEMBERSHIP
A2005B2005C2005D2005
Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.
UNION MEMBERSHIP OF OTHERS IN HOUSEHOLD
A2006B2006C2006D2006
Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.
BUSINESS OR EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
 B2007C2007D2007
 R is a member of a business or employers' association.R is a member of a business or employers' association.R is a member of a business or employers' association.
FARMERS' ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
 B2008C2008D2008
 R is a member of a farmers' association.R is a member of a farmers' association.R is a member of a farmers' association.
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
 B2009C2009D2009
 R is a member of a professional association.R is a member of a professional association.R is a member of a professional association.
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS
A2007B2010C2010D2010
Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.
MAIN OCCUPATION
A2008B2011C2011D2011
Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.
SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS
 B2012C2012D2012
 Respondent's socio economic status.Respondent's socio economic status.Respondent's socio economic status.
EMPLOYMENT TYPE - PUBLIC OR PRIVATE

A2009B2013C2013D2013
Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.
INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
A2010B2014C2014D2014
Industrial sector of respondent's employment.Industrial sector of respondent's employment.Industrial sector of respondent's employment.Industrial sector of respondent's employment.
SPOUSE: CURRENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS
 B2015C2015D2015
 Current employment status of respondent's spouse.Current employment status of respondent's spouse.Current employment status of respondent's spouse.
SPOUSE: OCCUPATION
A2011B2016C2016D2016
Occupation of chief wage earner/spouse.Spouse's occupation.Spouse's occupation.Spouse's main occupation.
SPOUSE: SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS
 B2017C2017D2017
 Spouse's socio economic status.Spouse's socio economic status.Spouse's socio economic status.
SPOUSE: EMPLOYMENT TYPE - PUBLIC OR PRIVATE
 B2018C2018D2018
 Whether spouse's employment is private or public.Whether spouse's employment is private or public.Whether spouse's employment is private or public.
SPOUSE: INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
 B2019C2019D2019
 Industrial sector of spouse's employment.Industrial sector of spouse's employment.Industrial sector of spouse's employment.
HOUSEHOLD INCOME

A2012B2020C2020D2020
Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.
NUMBER IN HOUSEHOLD

A2013B2021C2021D2021
Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.
NUMBER IN HOUSEHOLD UNDER AGE 18
A2014B2022C2022D2022
Number of people in household under the age of 18.Number of people in household under the age of 18.Number of people in household under the age of 18.Number of people in household under the age of 18.
NUMBER IN HOUSEHOLD UNDER AGE 6
   D2023
   Number of people in household under the age of 6.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES ATTENDANCE

A2015B2023C2023D2024
Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.
RELIGIOSITY

A2016B2024C2024D2025
Religiosity.Religiosity.Religiosity.Religiosity.
RELIGIOUS DENOMINATION

A2017B2025C2025D2026
Religious denomination.Religious denomination.Religious denomination.Religious denomination.
LANGUAGE USUALLY SPOKEN AT HOME

A2018B2026C2026D2027
This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.
REGION OF RESIDENCE

A2019B2027C2027D2028
This variable reports the respondents' region of residence using coding categories not more detailed than the autonomous regions in Spain, or the Laender in Germany. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavages.This variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavagesThis variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavagesThis variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavages
RACE

A2020B2028C2028D2029
Race of respondent.Race of respondent.This item reports the respondent's race. This variable is coded according to national standards.This item reports the respondent's race. This variable is coded according to national standards.
ETHNICITY

A2021B2029C2029D2030
This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.
RURAL OR URBAN RESIDENCE

A2022B2030C2030D2031
Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.
PRIMARY ELECTORAL DISTRICT

A2027B2031C2031D2032
Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.
COUNTRY OF BIRTH

   D2033
   Respondent's country of birth.
YEAR ARRIVED IN CURRENT COUNTRY

   D2034
   Year, when respondent arrived in the current country (the country where the election study is being conducted).

Survey Module Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
Current Election
 
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - QUESTION 1

CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - QUESTION 2

A2028B3004_1

B3004_2
C3021_1

C3021_2
 
Whether or not respondent cast a ballot (regardless of whether the ballot was valid).Whether or not respondent cast a ballot (regardless of whether the ballot was valid).This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid. 
CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - FIRST ROUND

CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - SECOND ROUND

   D3005_PR_1

D3005_PR_2
   This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT

CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT

   D3005_LH

D3005_UH
   This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.
CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - FIRST MENTION

CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - SECOND MENTION

CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - THIRD MENTION

CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - FOURTH MENTION

  C3022_1

C3022_2

C3022_3

C3022_4
 
  If you would have voted, which [party or parties/candidate or candidates] would you have voted for? 
CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - FIRST ROUND

CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - SECOND ROUND

A2029B3005_1

B3005_2
C3023_1

C3023_2
D3006_PR_1

D3006_PR_2
Party that respondent voted for: president or party affiliation of candidate voted for.This variable reports the presidential candidate or party affiliation of the presidential candidate for whom the respondent voted.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for president.These variables report the respondent's vote choice for President in the first and/or second round of election.
PARTY LIST VOTED FOR - DISTRICT /
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 1

CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 2

CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 3

CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 4

A2030 C3024_1

C3024_2

C3024_3

C3024_4
 
In systems where respondent had option of voting directly for a party list in district-level elections, party list that respondent voted for. This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for party list. 
PARTY OF CANDIDATE VOTED FOR - DISTRICT /
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 1

CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 2

CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 3

CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 4

A2031 C3025_1

C3025_2

C3025_3

C3025_4
 
In systems where respondent had option of voting directly for a candidate or candidates in district-level election, party of candidate respondent votes for. This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for district candidate. 
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE

A2032B3008C3026 
In systems where respondent's primary vote was for a party list, but respondent had option of voting for individual candidates on the chosen list, in district-level election.For elections in which the respondent can vote for (or rank) candidates a chosen party list (i.e. where lists are "open" or flexible), this variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote.This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.  
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1

CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2

 B3006_1

B3006_2
  
 This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in lower house elections.  
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST

CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE

   D3008_LH_PL

D3008_LH_DC
    These variables report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in Lower House elections.
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE

   D3006_LH_PF
    This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1

CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2

CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 3

CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 4

 B3007_1

B3007_2

B3007_3

B3007_4
  
 This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in UPPER house elections.  
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST

CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE

   D3006_UH_PL

D3006_UH_DC
   These variables report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in Upper House elections.
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE

   D3006_UH_PF
   This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS

  C3027 
  Did you consider voting for any other [party or parties/candidate or candidates]? 
CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - FIRST MENTION

CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - SECOND MENTION

CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - THIRD MENTION

CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - FOURTH MENTION

  C3028_1

C3028_2

C3028_3

C3028_4
 
  Which ones? 
ARE THERE OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE

  C3029 
  And were there any [party or parties/candidate or candidates] that you would never vote for?  
OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - FIRST MENTION

OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - SECOND MENTION

OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - THIRD MENTION

OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - FOURTH MENTION

  C3030_1

C3030_2

C3030_3

C3030_4
 
  Which ones? 
Previous Election
 
LAST ELECTION WAS CONDUCTED FAIRLY

A3002   
In some countries, people believe their elections are conducted fairly. In other countries, people believe that their elections are conducted unfairly. Thinking of the last election in [country], where would you place it on this scale of one to five where ONE means that the last election was conducted fairly and FIVE means that the last election was conducted unfairly?   
PREVIOUS ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT

 B3016C3031 
 Whether or not respondent cast a ballot (regardless of whether the ballot was valid) in PRECEDING electionThis item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid in the PREVIOUS election. 
PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - FIRST ROUND

PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - SECOND ROUND

   D3007_PR_1

D3007_PR_2
   This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT

PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT

   D3007_LH

D3007_UH
   This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.
PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - FIRST ROUND

PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - SECOND ROUND

 B3017C3032_1

C3032_2
D3008_PR_1

D3008_PR_2
 This variable reports the presidential candidate or party affiliation of the presidential candidate for whom the respondent voted.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for president in the PREVIOUS election.This item reports the respondent's vote choice for president in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 1

PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 2

PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 3

PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 4

  C3033_1

C3033_2

C3033_3

C3033_4
 
  The Q23b item reports the respondent's vote choice for party list in the PREVIOUS election. 
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 1

PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 2

PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 3

PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 4

  C3034_1

C3034_2

C3034_3

C3034_4
 
  The Q23b item reports the respondent's vote choice for district candidate in the PREVIOUS election. 
PREVIOUS ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE

 B3020C3035 
 For elections in which the respondent can vote for (or rank) candidates a chosen party list (i.e. where lists are "open" or flexible), this variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote.This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate in the PREVIOUS election. 
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1

PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2

 B3018_1

B3018_2
  
 This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in LOWER house elections.  
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST

PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE

   D3008_LH_PL

D3008_LH_DC
   These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1

PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2

PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 3

 B3019_1

B3019_2

B3019_3
  
 This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in UPPER house elections.  
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST

PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE

   D3008_UH_PL

D3008_UH_DC
   These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.
PERFORMANCE OF PARTY RESPONDENT VOTED FOR IN PREVIOUS ELECTION

 B3021  
 How well did the party you voted for then perform over the past (NUMBER OF YEARS between the previous and the current election) years? Has it done a very good job? a good job? a bad job? a very bad job?  
Party Closeness
 
QUESTIONNAIRE USED - LONG OR SHORT

A3003B3027  
Identifies which version, long or short, of questionnaire was administered.Identifies which version, long or short, of the questionnaire was administered.  
ARE YOU CLOSE TO ANY POLITICAL PARTY

A3004B3028C3020_1D3018_1
Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular political party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular political party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?
PARTY CLOSEST TO - FIRST MENTION

PARTY CLOSEST TO - SECOND MENTION

PARTY CLOSEST TO - THIRD MENTION

A3005_1

A3005_2

A3005_3
B3029_1

B3029_2

B3029_3
  
What party is that?What party is that?  
NUMBER OF PARTIES MENTIONED IN A3005/B3029

A3006B3030  
Check Point: Number of parties (or blocs) mentionedCheck Point: Number of parties (or blocs) mentioned  
WHICH PARTY WITHIN BLOC IS RESPONDENT CLOSEST TO - FIRST MENTION

WHICH PARTY WITHIN BLOC IS RESPONDENT CLOSEST TO - SECOND MENTION

WHICH PARTY WITHIN BLOC IS RESPONDENT CLOSEST TO - THIRD MENTION

A3007_1

A3007_2

A3007_3
B3031_1

B3031_2

B3031_3
  
Which party in [NAME OF BLOC] do you feel closest to?Which party in [NAME OF BLOC] do you feel closest to?  
NUMBER OF PARTIES MENTIONED IN A3007/B3029, B3031

A3008B3032  
Check Point: Number of parties mentionedCheck Point: Number of parties mentioned  
WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSEST TO

A3009B3033  
Which party do you feel closest to?Which party do you feel closest to?  
DO YOU FEEL CLOSER TO ONE PARTY

A3010B3034C3020_2D3018_2
Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?
WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSER TO / WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSEST TO

A3011B3035C3020_3D3018_3
Which party is that?Which party is that?Which party do you feel closest to?Which party do you feel closest to?
DEGREE OF CLOSENESS TO THIS PARTY

A3012B3036C3020_4D3018_4
Do you feel very close to this [party/party bloc], somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this [party/party bloc], somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?
Like-Dislike
 
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY A

LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY B

LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY C

LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY D

LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY E

LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY F

LIKE-DISLIKE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY G

LIKE-DISLIKE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY H

LIKE-DISLIKE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY I

A3020_A

A3020_B

A3020_C

A3020_D

A3020_E

A3020_F

A3020_G

A3020_H

A3020_I
B3037_A

B3037_B

B3037_C

B3037_D

B3037_E

B3037_F

B3037_G

B3037_H

B3037_I
C3009_A

C3009_B

C3009_C

C3009_D

C3009_E

C3009_F

C3009_G

C3009_H

C3009_I
D3011_A

D3011_B

D3011_C

D3011_D

D3011_E

D3011_F

D3011_G

D3011_H

D3011_I
I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is PARTY A.I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is PARTY A.I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is [PARTY A].I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is [PARTY A].
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER A

LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER B

LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER C

LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER D

LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER E

LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER F

LIKE-DISLIKE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER G

LIKE-DISLIKE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER H

LIKE-DISLIKE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER I

A3021_A

A3021_B

A3021_C

A3021_D

A3021_E

A3021_F

A3021_G

A3021_H

A3021_I
 
C3010_A

C3010_B

C3010_C

C3010_D

C3010_E

C3010_F

C3010_G

C3010_H

C3010_I
D3012__A

D3012__B

D3012__C

D3012__D

D3012__E

D3012__F

D3012__G

D3012__H

D3012__I
And now, using the same scale, I'd like to ask you how much you like or dislike some political leaders. Again, if I come to a leader you haven't heard of or you do not know enough about them, just say so. The first political leader is LEADER A. And what do you think of the presidential candidates/party leaders? After I read the name of a presidential candidate/party leader, please rate them on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that candidate and 10 means that you strongly like that candidate. If I come to a presidential candidate/party leader you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first is [LEADER A].And what do you think of the presidential candidates/party leaders? After I read the name of a presidential candidate/party leader, please rate them on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that candidate and 10 means that you strongly like that candidate. If I come to a presidential candidate/party leader you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first is [LEADER A].
Ideology: Left-Right and/or Optional Scale
 
LEFT-RIGHT - SELF

A3031B3045C3013D3014
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY A

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY B

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY C

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY D

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY E

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY F

LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - PARTY G

LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - PARTY H

LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - PARTY I

A3032_A

A3032_B

A3032_C

A3032_D

A3032_E

A3032_F

A3032_G

A3032_H

A3032_I
B3038_A

B3038_B

B3038_C

B3038_D

B3038_E

B3038_F

B3038_G

B3038_H

B3038_I
C3011_A

C3011_B

C3011_C

C3011_D

C3011_E

C3011_F

C3011_G

C3011_H

C3011_I
D3013_A

D3013_B

D3013_C

D3013_D

D3013_E

D3013_F

D3013_G

D3013_H

D3013_I
Now, using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY A-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place Party A on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place, [PARTY B-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY B-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY B-F]?
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER A

LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER B

LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER C

LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER D

LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER E

LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER F

LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - LEADER G

LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - LEADER H

LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - LEADER I

 B3039_A

B3039_B

B3039_C

B3039_D

B3039_E

B3039_F

B3039_G

B3039_H

B3039_I
C3012_A

C3012_B

C3012_C

C3012_D

C3012_E

C3012_F

C3012_G

C3012_H

C3012_I
 
 In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place LEADER A on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place, [LEADER B-F]?And again, using the same scale where would you place [LEADER A]? Where would you place [LEADER B]? 
OPTIONAL SCALE - SELF

A3033B3046C3016D3016
Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY A/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY A

OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY B/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY B

OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY C/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY C

OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY D/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY D

OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY E/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY E

OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY F/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY F

OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY G/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY G (OPTIONAL)

OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY H/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY H (OPTIONAL)

OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY I/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY I (OPTIONAL)

A3034_A

A3034_B

A3034_C

A3034_D

A3034_E

A3034_F
B3040_A

B3040_B

B3040_C

B3040_D

B3040_E

B3040_F

B3040_G

B3040_H

B3040_I
C3014_A

C3014_B

C3014_C

C3014_D

C3014_E

C3014_F

C3014_G

C3014_H

C3014_I
D3015_A

D3015_B

D3015_C

D3015_D

D3015_E

D3015_F

D3015_G

D3015_H

D3015_I
Where would you place [PARTY A-F] on this scale?Where would you place [PARTY A-F] on this scale?In politics people sometimes talk of [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and 10 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]?In politics people sometimes talk of [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and 10 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]?
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER A

OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER B

OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER C

OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER D

OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER E

OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER F

OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER G

OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER H

OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER I

A3035_A

A3035_B

A3035_C

A3035_D

A3035_E

A3035_F
B3041_A

B3041_B

B3041_C

B3041_D

B3041_E

B3041_F

B3041_G

B3041_H

B3041_I
C3015_A

C3015_B

C3015_C

C3015_D

C3015_E

C3015_F

C3015_G

C3015_H

C3015_I
 
Where would you place [LEADER A-F] on this scale?Where would you place [LEADER A-F] on this scale?And again, using the same scale where would you place [LEADER A]? 
Political Information
 
DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FIRST

DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - SECOND

DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - THIRD

DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FOURTH

A2023

A2024

A2025
B3047_1

B3047_2

B3047_3
C3036_1

C3036_2

C3036_3
D3025_1_A

D3025_2_A

D3025_3_A

D3025_4_A
Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]
ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FIRST

ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - SECOND

ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - THIRD

ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FOURTH

   D3025_1_B

D3025_2_B

D3025_3_B

D3025_4_B
   Political information items. [original answers]
Additional Core Questions
 
SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRATIC PROCESS / SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRACY

A3001B3012C3019D3017
On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [country]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [country]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [COUNTRY]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [COUNTRY]?
WHO IS IN POWER CAN MAKE DIFFERENCE

A3028B3013C3004D3009
Some people say it makes a difference who is in power. Others say that it doesn't make a difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it makes a difference who is in power and FIVE means that it doesn't make a difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say it makes a difference who is in power. Others say that it doesn't make a difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it makes a difference who is in power and FIVE means that it doesn't make a difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it doesn't make any difference who is in power and FIVE means that it makes a big difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it doesn't make any difference who is in power and FIVE means that it makes a big difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?
WHO PEOPLE VOTE FOR MAKES A DIFFERENCE

A3029B3014C3005D3010
Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make a difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make a difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make any difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make any difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself?
Additional Module-Specific Questions
 
POLITICAL PARTIES CARE WHAT PEOPLE THINK

A3013   
Some people say that political parties in [country] care what ordinary people think. Others say that political parties in [country] don't care what ordinary people think. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that political parties care about what ordinary people think, and FIVE means that they don't care what ordinary people think), where would you place yourself?   
POLITICAL PARTIES ARE NECESSARY

A3014   
Some people say that political parties are necessary to make our political system work in [country]. Others think that political parties are not needed in [country]. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that political parties are necessary to make our political system work, and FIVE means that political parties are not needed in [country]), where would you place yourself?   
RECALL CANDIDATES FROM LAST ELECTION

A3015   
Do you happen to remember the name of any candidates who [ran/stood] in your [lower house primary electoral district, e.g., constituency, district, riding] in the last [parliamentary/ congressional] election?   
CANDIDATE MENTIONED FIRST - NAME

CANDIDATE MENTIONED SECOND - NAME

CANDIDATE MENTIONED THIRD - NAME

A3016_1

A3016_2

A3016_3
   
(If name not volunteered) What were their names?   
CANDIDATE MENTIONED FIRST - GENDER

CANDIDATE MENTIONED SECOND - GENDER

CANDIDATE MENTIONED THIRD - GENDER

A3017_1

A3017_2

A3017_3
   
Gender of [first/second/third] candidate mentioned.   
CANDIDATE MENTIONED FIRST - PARTY

CANDIDATE MENTIONED SECOND - PARTY

CANDIDATE MENTIONED THIRD - PARTY

A3018_1

A3018_2

A3018_3
   
Political party of [first/second/third] candidate mentioned.   
NUMBER OF CANDIDATES CORRECTLY NAMED

A3019   
This variable tallies the number of district level candidates the respondents correctly identified in A3016-A3018.   
ECONOMY IMPROVED LAST 12 MONTHS

A3022   
What do you think about the state of the economy these days in [country]? Would you say that the state of the economy is very good, good, neither good nor bad, bad, or very bad?   
ECONOMY CHANGE/STATE OF ECONOMY

A3023  D3003_1
Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in [country] has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?  Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in [COUNTRY] has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?
ECONOMY HOW MUCH BETTER/STATE OF ECONOMY - BETTER

A3024  D3003_2
Would you say much better or somewhat better?  Would you say much better or somewhat better?
ECONOMY HOW MUCH WORSE/STATE OF ECONOMY - WORSE

A3025  D3003_3
Would you say much worse or somewhat worse?  Would you say much worse or somewhat worse?
POLITICIANS KNOW WHAT PEOPLE THINK

A3026   
Some people say that members of [Congress/Parliament] know what ordinary people think. Others say that members of [Congress/Parliament] don't know much about what ordinary people think. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that the members of [Congress/Parliament] know what ordinary people think, and FIVE means that the members of [Congress/Parliament] don't know much about what ordinary people think), where would you place yourself?   
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: CONTACT POLITICIAN OR OFFICIAL

A3027B3042_1  
During the past twelve months, have you had any contact with [a member of Parliament/a member of Congress] in any way?Over the past five years or so, have you done any of the following things to express your views about something the government should or should not be doing? (Have you) contacted a politician or government official either in person, or in writing, or some other way?  
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: PROTEST OR DEMONSTRATION
 B3042_2  
 (Have you) taken part in a protest, march or demonstration?  
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: WORK WITH OTHERS WHO SHARE CONCERNS

 B3042_3  
 (Have you) worked together with people who shared the same concern?  
DO PEOPLE EXPRESS POLITICAL OPINION

A3030   
When people are asked to express an opinion, do you believe most people in [country] usually say what they think about politics or do you believe most people usually hide what they really think about politics? Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that most people in [country] usually say what they think about politics, and FIVE means that most people usually hide what they really think), where would you place yourself?   
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: PERSUADE OTHERS

POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: CAMPAIGN ACTIVITIES

 B3001_1

B3001_2
  
 Here is a list of things some people do during elections. Which if any did you do during the most recent election? ...talked to other people to persuade them to vote for a particular party or candidate? ....showed your support for a particular party or candidate by, for example, attending a meeting, putting up a poster, or in some other way?  
HOW OFTEN DID RESPONDENT PERSUADE OTHERS

HOW OFTEN DID RESPONDENT PARTICIPATE IN CAMPAIGN ACTIVITIES

 B3002_1

B3002_2
  
 How often did you do this? Would you say frequently? Occasionally? Rarely?  
CONTACTED BY CANDIDATE OR PARTY DURING CAMPAIGN/MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT

 B3003 D3019
 During the last campaign did a candidate or anyone from a political party contact you to persuade you to vote for them? During the campaign, did a party or candidate contact you in person or by any other means?
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - IN PERSON

MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY MAIL

MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY PHONE

MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY TEXT MESSAGE

MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY EMAIL

MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - SOCIAL NETWORK OR WEB

   D3020_1

D3020_2

D3020_3

D3020_4

D3020_5

D3020_6
   Did they contact you in person, face-to-face?

Did they contact you by mail?

Did they contact you by phone?

Did they contact you by text message or SMS?

Did they contact you by email?

Did they contact you through a social network site or other Web-based method?
MOBILIZATION: INST. CONTACT - WHO

   D3021_1

D3021_2

D3021_3

D3021_4

D3021_5

D3021_6

D3021_7

D3021_8

D3021_9

D3021_10
   Which [party or parties/candidate or candidates] contacted you by any of these means?
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT

   D3022
   During the campaign, did a friend, family member, neighbor,work colleague or other acquaintance try to persuade you to vote for a particular party or candidate?
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - IN PERSON

MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - BY MAIL

MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - BY PHONE

MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - BY TEXT MESSAGE

MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - SOCIAL NETWORK OR WEB

   D3023_1

D3023_2

D3023_3

D3023_4

D3023_5

D3023_6
   Did they try to persuade you in person, face-to-face?

Did they try to persuade you by mail?

Did they try to persuade you by phone?

Did they try to persuade you by text message or SMS?

Did they try to persuade you by email?

Did they try to persuade you through a social network site or other Web-based method?
MOBILIZATION: SIGN UP FOR ONLINE INFORMATION OR ALERTS

   D3024
   Prior to or during the campaign, did you use the Internet or your mobile phone to sign up for information or alerts from a party or candidate?
MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - EGOCENTRIC - FIRST MENTION

MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - EGOCENTRIC - SECOND MENTION

  C3001_1

C3001_2
 
  What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election?

What has been the second most important issue to you personally in this election?
 
MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE / MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - SOCIOTROPIC - FIRST MENTION

MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - SOCIOTROPIC - SECOND MENTION

 B3009C3002_1

C3002_2
 
 What do you think has been the most important issue facing [country] over the last [number of years that the last government was in office] years?What do you think is the most important political problem facing [COUNTRY] today?

What do you think is the second most important political problem facing [COUNTRY] today?
 
GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE: MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE

 B3010  
 And thinking about that issue, how good or bad a job do you think the government/president in [capital] has done over the past [number of years between the previous and the present election OR change in govt.] years. Has it/he/she done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?  
PARTY/CANDIDATE COMPETENCE - FIRST SOCIOTROPIC PROBLEM

PARTY/CANDIDATE COMPETENCE - SECOND SOCIOTROPIC PROBLEM

  C3003_1

C3003_2
 
  Thinking of the most important political problem facing [COUNTRY]: which [party/presidential candidate] do you think is best in dealing with it?

And the second most important political problem facing [COUNTRY]: which [party/presidential candidate] do you think is best in dealing with it?
 
GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE: GENERAL

 B3011C3006 
 Now thinking about the performance of the government in [capital]/president in general, how good or bad a job do you think the government/president in [capital] has done over the past [number of years between the previous and the present election OR change in govt.] years. Has it/he/she done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?Now thinking about the performance of the [government in [CAPITAL]/president] in general, how good or bad a job do you think the [government/president in [CAPITAL]] has done over the past [NUMBER OF YEARS SINCE LAST GOVERNMENT TOOK OFFICE, BEFORE THE CURRENT ELECTION] years? Has [it/he/she] done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job? 
DEMOCRACY BETTER THAN ANY OTHER FORM OF GOVERNMENT

 B3015  
 Please tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: "Democracy may have problems but it's better than any other form of government." (Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with this statement?)  
HOW WELL VOTERS' VIEWS ARE REPRESENTED IN ELECTIONS

 B3022  
 Thinking about how elections in [country] work in practice, how well do elections ensure that the views of voters are represented by Majority Parties: very well, quite well, not very well, or not well at all?  
IS THERE A PARTY THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS

 B3023C3007_1 
 Would you say that any of the parties in [country] represents your views reasonably well?Would you say that any of the parties in [COUNTRY] represent your views reasonably well? 
PARTY THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS BEST

 B3024C3007_2 
 Which party represents your views best?Which party represents your views best? 
IS THERE A LEADER THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS

 B3025C3008_1 
 Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say that any of the individual party leaders/presidential candidates at the last election represents your views reasonably well?Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say that any of the [individual party leaders/presidential candidates] at the last election represents your views reasonably well? 
IS THERE A LEADER THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS

 B3026C3008_2 
 Which party leader/presidential candidate represents your views best?Which [party leader/presidential candidate] represents your views best? 
RESPECT FOR INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM AND HUMAN RIGHTS

 B3043  
 How much respect is there for individual freedom and human rights nowadays in (country)? Do you feel there is a lot of respect for individual freedom, some respect, not much respect, or no respect at all?  
HOW WIDESPREAD IS CORRUPTION

 B3044  
 How widespread do you think corruption such as bribe taking is amongst politicians in [country]: very widespread, quite widespread, not very widespread, it hardly happens at all?  
DIFFERENCES OF CHOICE OPTIONS

  C3017 
  During the election campaign, would you say that there were major differences between the [parties/candidates], minor differences, or no differences at all? 
CAMPAIGN INVOLVEMENT

  C3018 
  How closely did you follow the election campaign? Very closely, fairly closely, not very closely, or not closely at all? 
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: HEALTH

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: EDUCATION

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: DEFENSE

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: OLD-AGE PENSIONS

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: POLICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: WELFARE BENEFITS

   D3001_1

D3001_2

D3001_3

D3001_4

D3001_5

D3001_6

D3001_7

D3001_8
   For the next questions, please say whether there should be more or less public expenditure in each of the following areas. Remember
if you say "more" it could require a tax increase, and if you say "less" it could require a reduction in those services.

Thinking about public expenditure on [HEALTH / EDUCATION / UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS / DEFENSE / OLD-AGE PENSIONS / BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY / POLICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT / WELFARE BENEFITS]
should there be much more than now, somewhat more than now, the same as now, somewhat less than now, or much less than now?
IMPROVING STANDARD OF LIVING

   D3002
   Over the next ten years or so, how likely or unlikely is it that you will improve your standard of living? Very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?
GOVERNMENT ACTION - DIFFERENCES IN INCOME LEVELS

   D3004
   Please say to what extent you agree or disagree with the following statement: "The government should take measures to reduce differences in income levels."
HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS

   D3026
   How likely or unlikely do you think it is that your household's income could be severely reduced IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS? Very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?/td>
OWNERSHIP: RESIDENCE

OWNERSHIP: BUSINESS OR PROPERTY OR FARM OR LIVESTOCK

OWNERSHIP: STOCKS OR BONDS

OWNERSHIP: SAVINGS

   D3027_1

D3027_2

D3027_3

D3027_4
   Do you or a member of your household own own a residence - for example, a home or an apartment?

Do you or a member of your household own a business, a piece of property, a farm, or livestock?

Do you or a member of your household own stocks or bonds?

Do you or a member of your household have any savings?
FIND ANOTHER JOB - RESPONDENT

   D3028_1
   If you lost your job, how easy or difficult would it be to find another job IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS? Very easy, somewhat easy, somewhat difficult, or very difficult?
FIND ANOTHER JOB - SPOUSE/PARTNER

   D3028_2
   If your spouse/partner lost their job, how easy or difficult would it be for them to find another job IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS? Very easy, somewhat easy, somewhat difficult, or very difficult?

District-Level Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
NUMBER OF SEATS IN DISTRICT

A4001B4001C4001D4001
This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.
NUMBER OF CANDIDATES IN DISTRICT

A4002B4002C4002D4002
This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly, and for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e. indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly, and for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e. indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly as well as for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e., where a voter can indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly as well as for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e., where a voter can indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).
NUMBER OF PARTY LISTS IN DISTRICT

A4003B4003C4003D4003
This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and thereby contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and thereby contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY A

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY B

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY C

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY D

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY E

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY F

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - OPTIONAL PARTY G

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - OPTIONAL PARTY H

PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - OPTIONAL PARTY I

A4004_A

A4004_B

A4004_C

A4004_D

A4004_E

A4004_F
B4004_A

B4004_B

B4004_C

B4004_D

B4004_E

B4004_F
C4004_A

C4004_B

C4004_C

C4004_D

C4004_E

C4004_F

C4004_G

C4004_H

C4004_I
D4004_A

D4004_B

D4004_C

D4004_D

D4004_E

D4004_F

D4004_G

D4004_H

D4004_I
This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round.
TURNOUT IN DISTRICT

A4005B4005C4005D4005
This variable reports the proportion of valid votes cast relative to the number of voters.This variable reports the proportion of valid votes cast relative to the number of voters.This variable reports official voter turnout in each district.This variable reports official voter turnout in each district.

Macro-Level Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
NUMBER OF PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN ELECTION

  C5015D5015
  How many political parties received votes in the election?How many political parties received votes in the election?
EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF ELECTORAL PARTIES

  C5093D5102
  Effective number of electoral parties (ENEP).Effective number of electoral parties (ENEP).
CORRECTED EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF ELECTORAL PARTIES

  C5094D5103
  Corrected effective number of electoral parties (CENEP).Corrected effective number of electoral parties (CENEP).
EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES

  C5095D5104
  Effective number of parliamentary parties (ENPP).Effective number of parliamentary parties (ENPP).
CORRECTED EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES

  C5096D5105
  Corrected Effective number of parliamentary parties (CENPP).Corrected Effective number of parliamentary parties (CENPP).
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY A

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY B

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY C

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY D

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY E

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY F

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY G

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY H

YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY I

A5001_A

A5001_B

A5001_C

A5001_D

A5001_E

A5001_F

A5001_G

A5001_H

A5001_I
B5011_A

B5011_B

B5011_C

B5011_D

B5011_E

B5011_F

B5011_G

B5011_H

B5011_I
  
Year party foundedYear party founded  
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY A

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY B

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY C

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY D

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY E

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY F

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY G

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY H

IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY I

A5002_A

A5002_B

A5002_C

A5002_D

A5002_E

A5002_F
B5012_A

B5012_B

B5012_C

B5012_D

B5012_E

B5012_F

B5012_G

B5012_H

B5012_I
C5016_A

C5016_B

C5016_C

C5016_D

C5016_E

C5016_F

C5016_G

C5016_H

C5016_I
D5016_A

D5016_B

D5016_C

D5016_D

D5016_E

D5016_F

D5016_G

D5016_H

D5016_I
Ideological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is Closest to
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY A

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY B

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY C

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY D

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY E

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY F

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY G

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY H

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY I

 B5013_A

B5013_B

B5013_C

B5013_D

B5013_E

B5013_F

B5013_G

B5013_H

B5013_I
  
 European Parliament Party Political Group party belongs to:  
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY A

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY B

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY C

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY D

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY E

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY F

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY G

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY H

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY I

A5003_A

A5003_B

A5003_C

A5003_D

A5003_E

A5003_F
B5014_A

B5014_B

B5014_C

B5014_D

B5014_E

B5014_F

B5014_Gbr>
B5014_H

B5014_I
  
International Organization Party Belongs toInternational Organization Party Belongs to  
SIGNIFICANT PARTIES NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT BEFORE THE ELECTION

 B5015  
 Significant parties not represented in parliament before the election (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).  
SIGNIFICANT PARTIES NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT AFTER THE ELECTION

 B5016  
 Significant parties not represented in parliament after the election (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).  
OTHER NON-REPRESENTED SIGNIFICANT PARTIES/INDEPENDENT ACTORS

 B5017  
 Other non-represented parties or independent actors who had a significant effect on the election (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).  
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY A

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY B

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY C

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY D

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY E

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY F

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY G

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY H

LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY I

A5004_A

A5004_B

A5004_C

A5004_D

A5004_E

A5004_F
B5018_A

B5018_B

B5018_C

B5018_D

B5018_E

B5018_F

B5018_G

B5018_H

B5018_I
C5017_A

C5017_B

C5017_C

C5017_D

C5017_E

C5017_F

C5017_G

C5017_H

C5017_I
D5017_A

D5017_B

D5017_C

D5017_D

D5017_E

D5017_F

D5017_G

D5017_H

D5017_I
Parties' position in left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' position in left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)
CONSENSUS ON THE LEFT-RIGHT PLACEMENTS

 B5019  
 Would there be a general consensus on left-right placements among informed observers in the country (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).  
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION

 B5020C5018D5018
 Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY A

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY B

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY C

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY D

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY E

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY F

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY G

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY H

ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY I

 B5020_A

B5020_B

B5020_C

B5020_D

B5020_E

B5020_F

B5020_G

B5020_H

B5020_I
C5018_A

C5018_B

C5018_C

C5018_D

C5018_E

C5018_F

C5018_G

C5018_H

C5018_I
D5018_A

D5018_B

D5018_C

D5018_D

D5018_E

D5018_F

D5018_G

D5018_H

D5018_I
 Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)
CONSENSUS ON THE ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION PLACEMENTS

 B5021  
 Would there be a general consensus on that alternative dimension placements among informed observers in the country (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).  
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY A

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY B

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY C

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY D

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY E

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY F

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY G

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY H

PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY I

A5005_A

A5005_B

A5005_C

A5005_D

A5005_E

A5005_F
B5001_A

B5001_B

B5001_C

B5001_D

B5001_E

B5001_F

B5001_G

B5001_H

B5001_I
C5001_A

C5001_B

C5001_C

C5001_D

C5001_E

C5001_F

C5001_G

C5001_H

C5001_I
D5001_A

D5001_B

D5001_C

D5001_D

D5001_E

D5001_F

D5001_G

D5001_H

D5001_I
Percent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-F] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) legislative election
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY A

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY B

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY C

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY D

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY E

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY F

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY G

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY H

PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY I

A5006_A

A5006_B

A5006_C

A5006_D

A5006_E

A5006_F
B5002_A

B5002_B

B5002_C

B5002_D

B5002_E

B5002_F

B5002_G

B5002_H

B5002_I
C5002_A

C5002_B

C5002_C

C5002_D

C5002_E

C5002_F

C5002_G

C5002_H

C5002_I
D5002_A

D5002_B

D5002_C

D5002_D

D5002_E

D5002_F

D5002_G

D5002_H

D5002_I
Percent of seats in lower house received by [PARTY A-F] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) election
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY A

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY B

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY C

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY D

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY E

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY F

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY G

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY H

PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY I

A5007_A

A5007_B

A5007_C

A5007_D

A5007_E

A5007_F
B5003_A

B5003_B

B5003_C

B5003_D

B5003_E

B5003_F

B5003_G

B5003_H

B5003_I
C5003_A

C5003_B

C5003_C

C5003_D

C5003_E

C5003_F

C5003_G

C5003_H

C5003_I
D5003_A

D5003_B

D5003_C

D5003_D

D5003_E

D5003_F

D5003_G

D5003_H

D5003_I
Percent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-F] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY[A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) legislative election
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY A

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY B

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY C

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY D

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY E

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY F

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY G

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY H

PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY I

A5008_A

A5008_B

A5008_C

A5008_D

A5008_E

A5008_F
B5004_A

B5004_B

B5004_C

B5004_D

B5004_E

B5004_F

B5004_G

B5004_H

B5004_I
C5004_A

C5004_B

C5004_C

C5004_D

C5004_E

C5004_F

C5004_G

C5004_H

C5004_I
D5004_A

D5004_B

D5004_C

D5004_D

D5004_E

D5004_F

D5004_G

D5004_H

D5004_I
Percent of seats in upper house received by [PARTY A-F] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) election
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY A

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY B

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY C

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY D

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY E

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY F

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY G

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY H

PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY I

A5009_A

A5009_B

A5009_C

A5009_D

A5009_E

A5009_F
B5005_A

B5005_B

B5005_C

B5005_D

B5005_E

B5005_F

B5005_G

B5005_H

B5005_I
C5005_A

C5005_B

C5005_C

C5005_D

C5005_E

C5005_F

C5005_G

C5005_H

C5005_I
D5005_A

D5005_B

D5005_C

D5005_D

D5005_E

D5005_F

D5005_G

D5005_H

D5005_I
If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.
ELECTORAL TURNOUT

ELECTORAL TURNOUT - VERSION 2

A5010

 
B5006M

 
C5006_1

C5006_2
D5006_1

D5006_2
Percentage of Voting Age Population who cast ballots

 
Percentage of Voting Age Population who cast ballots

 
Official voter turnout - Percentage of registered voters.

Official voter turnout - Percentage of voting age population.
Official voter turnout - Percentage of registered voters.

Official voter turnout - Percentage of voting age population.
PARTY OF THE PRESIDENT BEFORE

  C5007D5007
  Party of the president before the election.Party of the president before the election , regardless of whether the election was presidential.
PARTY OF THE PRIME MINISTER BEFORE

  C5008D5008
  Party of the Prime Minister before the election.Party of the Prime Minister before the election , regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY A

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY B

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY C

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY D

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY E

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY F

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY G

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY H

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY I

 B5007_A

B5007_B

B5007_C

B5007_D

B5007_E

B5007_F

B5007_G

B5007_H

B5007_I
C5009_A

C5009_B

C5009_C

C5009_D

C5009_E

C5009_F

C5009_G

C5009_H

C5009_I
D5009_A

D5009_B

D5009_C

D5009_D

D5009_E

D5009_F

D5009_G

D5009_H

D5009_I
 Number of portfolios (cabinet posts) held by [PARTY A-I] before the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by [PARTY A-I] before the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] before the election.
SIZE OF THE CABINET BEFORE

 B5008C5010D5010
 The size of the cabinet before the election.The size of the cabinet before the election.The size of the cabinet before the election.
PARTY OF THE PRESIDENT AFTER

  C5011D5011
  Party of the president after the election.Party of the president AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was presidential.
PARTY OF THE PRIME MINISTER AFTER

  C5012D5012
  Party of the Prime Minister after the election.Party of the Prime Minister AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY A

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY B

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY C

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY D

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY E

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY F

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY G

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY H

NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY I

 B5009_A

B5009_B

B5009_C

B5009_D

B5009_E

B5009_F

B5009_G

B5009_H

B5009_I
C5013_A

C5013_B

C5013_C

C5013_D

C5013_E

C5013_F

C5013_G

C5013_H

C5013_I
D5013_A

D5013_B

D5013_C

D5013_D

D5013_E

D5013_F

D5013_G

D5013_H

D5013_I
 Number of portfolios (cabinet posts) held by [PARTY A-I] after the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by [PARTY A-I] after the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] after the election.
SIZE OF THE CABINET AFTER

 B5010C5014D5014
 The size of the cabinet after the election.The size of the cabinet after the election.The size of the cabinet after the election.
ELECTORAL ALLIANCES PERMITTED IN ELECTION

A5011B5024C5030D5030
Were electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign?Were electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign?There are multiple types of electoral alliances/coalitions, but we are explicitly interested in those involving joint lists or candidates - i.e. those where parties compete as a unit during the election. Is this type of electoral coalition legally allowable?There are multiple types of electoral alliances/coalitions, but we are explicitly interested in those involving joint lists or candidates - i.e. those where parties compete as a unit during the election. Is this type of electoral coalition legally allowable?
ELECTORAL ALLIANCES IN PRACTICE

  C5031D5031
  Is this type of electoral coalition used in practice, even if not legally allowable?Is this type of electoral coalition used in practice, even if not legally allowable?
DID ANY ELECTORAL ALLIANCES FORM?

A5012B5025C5032D5032
Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?
MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - FIRST

MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - SECOND

MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - THIRD

MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - FOURTH

MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - FIFTH

A5013_1

A5013_2

A5013_3

A5013_4

A5013_5
B5022_1

B5022_2

B5022_3

B5022_4

B5022_5
C5019_1

C5019_2

C5019_3

C5019_4

C5019_5
D5019_1

D5019_2

D5019_3

D5019_4

D5019_5
In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g. major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g. major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g., major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g., major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?
CONSENSUS ON THE SALIENCE RANKING

 B5023  
 Do you believe there would be general consensus about the importance of these factors among informed observers in the country?  
FAIRNESS OF THE ELECTION

  C5020D5020
  How impartial was the body that administered the election law?How impartial was the body that administered the election law?
FORMAL COMPLAINTS AGAINST NATIONAL LEVEL RESULTS

  C5021D5021
  Was there a formal complaint against the national level results?Was there a formal complaint against the national level results?
ELECTION IRREGULARITIES

  C5022D5022
  Were there irregularities reported by international election observers?Were there irregularities reported by international election observers?
DATE ELECTION SCHEDULED - MONTH

DATE ELECTION SCHEDULED - DAY

DATE ELECTION SCHEDULED - YEAR

  C5023_1

C5023_2

C5023_3
D5023_1

D5023_2

D5023_3
  On what date was the election originally scheduled to be held?On what date was the election originally scheduled to be held?
DATE ELECTION HELD - MONTH

DATE ELECTION HELD - DAY

DATE ELECTION HELD - YEAR

  C5024_1

C5024_2

C5024_3
D5024_1

D5024_2

D5024_3
  On what date was the election actually held?On what date was the election actually held?
ELECTION IRREGULARITIES

  C5025D5025
  If the election was held on a different date than scheduled, please explain why?If the election was held on a different date than scheduled, please explain why?
ELECTION VIOLENCE

  C5026D5026
  To what extent was there violence and voter or candidate intimidation during the election campaign and the election day?To what extent was there violence and voter or candidate intimidation during the election campaign and the election day?
GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION OF VIOLENCE

  C5027D5027
  If there was violence, was it geographically concentrated or national?If there was violence, was it geographically concentrated or national?
POST-ELECTION VIOLENCE

  C5028D5028
  To what extent was there violence following the election?To what extent was there violence following the election?
POST-ELECTION PROTEST

  C5029D5029
  To what extent was there protest following the election?To what extent was there protest following the election?
HEAD OF STATE
A5014B5052  
Who is the head of state?Who is the head of state?  
HEAD OF STATE - SELECTION

A5015B5053  
How is the head of state selected?How is the head of state selected?  
HEAD OF STATE - PROCESS IF DIRECT ELECTION

A5016B5054  
If by direct election, by what process?If by direct election, by what process?  
HEAD OF STATE - FIRST ROUND VICTORY

A5017B5055  
If by run-off system, what is the threshold for first-round victory?If by run-off system, what is the threshold for first-round victory?  
HEAD OF STATE - ADVANCE TO SECOND ROUND

A5018B5056  
If by run-off system, what is the threshold to advance to second round?If by run-off system, what is the threshold to advance to second round?  
HEAD OF STATE - SECOND ROUND VICTORY

A5019B5057  
If by run-off system, what is the threshold for victory in the second round?If by run-off system, what is the threshold for victory in the second round?  
YEAR OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION - FIRST

YEAR OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION - SECOND

A5020_1

A5020_2
B5058_1

B5058_2
  
If the presidential election was not held concurrently with the legislative election, the year of the presidential election prior to this legislative election is:If the presidential election was not held concurrently with the legislative election, the year of the presidential election prior to this [after this] legislative election is:  
PROCESS IF INDIRECT ELECTION

A5021B5059  
If by indirect election, by what process?If by indirect election, by what process?  
ELECTORAL COLLEGE - SELECTION OF ELECTORS

 B5060  
 If by electoral college, how are electors chosen?  
ELECTORAL COLLEGE - DELIBERATES

 B5061  
 Does the electoral college deliberate?  
ELECTORAL COLLEGE - VOTING PROCEDURE

 B5062  
 What is the voting procedure used by the electoral college?  
IF BY LEGISLATURE - WHAT CHAMBER(S)

 B5063  
 If by the legislature, by which chamber(s) of the legislature?  
IF BY LEGISLATURE - VOTING PROCEDURE
 B5064  
 If by the legislature, what is the voting procedure used?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

A5022B5080  
Who is the Head of Government?Who is the Head of Government?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - ELECTED INDEPENDENTLY

 B5081  
 Is the Head of Government elected independently of the legislature?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - IS THE HEAD OF STATE

 B5082  
 Is the Head of Government also the Head of State?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - SELECTION METHOD (IF INDEP. OF LEGISLATURE)

A5023B5083  
If the Head of Government is a prime minister, how is the prime minister selected?If the Head of Government is not elected independently of the legislature, how is the Head of Government selected?  
NUMBER OF ELECTED LEGISLATIVE CHAMBERS

A5024B5030C5091D5100
Number of elected legislative chambers:Number of elected legislative chambers:Number of elected legislative chambers:Number of elected legislative chambers:
ELECTORAL SEGMENTS - LOWER HOUSE

ELECTORAL SEGMENTS - UPPER HOUSE

A5025_1

A5025_2
B5031_1

B5031_2
  
In some electoral systems, there are electoral districts that are geographically nested but not otherwise related for purposes of seat allocation. In Lithuania, for example, there are 71 single-member districts that operate under a majority runoff system, and also a single nation-wide district that operates under proportional representation (the largest remainders method with the Hare quota). Neither votes nor seats from the single-member districts transfer to the nationwide district, however. The two processes are entirely independent (with voters having one vote in each district). In this case, the nationwide district, although it contains the 71 single-member districts, is not considered to be secondary. It is primary. One might say that there are two segments to the electoral system in such cases. How many segments (as just defined) are there in the electoral system?In some electoral systems, there are electoral districts that are geographically nested but not otherwise related for purposes of seat allocation. In Lithuania, for example, there are 71 single-member districts that operate under a majority runoff system, and also a single nation-wide district that operates under proportional representation (the largest remainders method with the Hare quota). Neither votes nor seats from the single-member districts transfer to the nationwide district, however. The two processes are entirely independent (with voters having one vote in each district). In this case, the nationwide district, although it contains the 71 single-member districts, is not considered to be secondary. It is primary. One might say that there are two segments to the electoral system in such cases. How many segments (as just defined) are there in the electoral system?  
NUMBER OF ELECTORAL SEGMENTS (TIERS)

  C5059D5059
  This variable indicates the number of electoral segments (tiers) in each country.This variable indicates the number of electoral segments (tiers) in each country.
LINKED ELECTORAL SEGMENTS (TIERS)

  C5060D5060
  This variable indicates whether countries with multiple segments (tiers) have linked (connected) or unlinked (unconnected) segments (tiers). Linkage occurs whenever (i) unused votes from one electoral segment (tier) are used at another level or (ii) the allocation of seats in one segment (tier) is conditional on the seats received in another segment (tier).This variable indicates whether countries with multiple segments (tiers) have linked (connected) or unlinked (unconnected) segments (tiers). Linkage occurs whenever (i) unused votes from one electoral segment (tier) are used at another level or (ii) the allocation of seats in one segment (tier) is conditional on the seats received in another segment (tier).
DEPENDENT FORMULAE IN MIXED SYSTEMS

  C5061D5061
  This indicates whether the two electoral formulas used in a mixed system are dependent or independent. A dependent mixed system is one in which the application of one formula is dependent on the outcome produced by the other formula. An independent mixed system is one in which the two electoral formulas are implemented independently of each other.This indicates whether the two electoral formulas used in a mixed system are dependent or independent. A dependent mixed system is one in which the application of one formula is dependent on the outcome produced by the other formula. An independent mixed system is one in which the two electoral formulas are implemented independently of each other.
SUBTYPES OF MIXED ELECTORAL SYSTEMS

  C5062D5062
  Sub-types of mixed electoral systems.Sub-types of mixed electoral systems.
PRIMARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT

PRIMARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT

PRIMARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT

PRIMARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT

A5026_1

A5026_2

A5026_3

A5026_4
B5032_1

B5032_2

B5033_3

B5034_4
  
How many primary electoral districts are there?How many primary electoral districts are there?  
NUMBER OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS - LOWEST TIER - LOWER HOUSE

NUMBER OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS - SECOND TIER - LOWER HOUSE

NUMBER OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS - THIRD TIER - LOWER HOUSE

  C5063

C5066

C5069
D5063

D5066

D5069
  Number of electoral districts or constituencies in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) for the lower house of the legislature.Number of electoral districts or constituencies in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) for the lower house of the legislature.
NUMBER OF SEATS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT

NUMBER OF SEATS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT

NUMBER OF SEATS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT

NUMBER OF SEATS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT

A5027_1

A5027_2

A5027_3

A5027_4
B5033_1

B5033_2

B5033_3

B5033_4
  
Total number of seats elected in the [first/second] segment of the [lower/upper] house:Total number of seats elected in the [first/second] segment of the [lower/upper] house:  
NUMBER OF SEATS ABOVE THE FIRST SEGMENT (TIER) - LOWER HOUSE

  C5072D5072
  The number of seats allocated in electoral districts or constituencies above the first or lowest segment (tier). This variable may include seats allocated in several different upper segments (tiers).The number of seats allocated in electoral districts or constituencies above the first or lowest segment (tier). This variable may include seats allocated in several different upper segments (tiers).
PERCENTAGE OF SEATS ABOVE THE FIRST SEGMENT (TIER) - LOWER HOUSE

  C5073D5073
  Percentage of seats allocated in electoral districts above the lowest segment (tier).Percentage of seats allocated in electoral districts above the lowest segment (tier).
FUSED VOTE

  C5074D5074
  This indicates whether a fused vote was used for presidential and legislative elections. A fused vote is when a citizen casts a single ballot for the elections of more than one political office. This particular variable captures when the single ballot is for the presidency and the legislature. Citizens are unable to divide their votes among the candidates or lists of different parties. Split-ticket voting is expressly prohibited.This indicates whether a fused vote was used for presidential and legislative elections. A fused vote is when a citizen casts a single ballot for the elections of more than one political office. This particular variable captures when the single ballot is for the presidency and the legislature. Citizens are unable to divide their votes among the candidates or lists of different parties. Split-ticket voting is expressly prohibited.
SIZE OF THE LOWER HOUSE

  C5075D5075
  Total number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the election year.Total number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the election year.
DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT

DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT

DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT

DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT

A5028_1

A5028_2

A5028_3

A5028_4
B5034_1

B5034_2

B5034_3

B5034_4
  
For each primary electoral district, how many members are elected from that district?For each primary electoral district, how many members are elected from that district?  
AVERAGE DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - LOWEST TIER - LOWER HOUSE

AVERAGE DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - SECOND TIER - LOWER HOUSE

AVERAGE DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - THIRD TIER - LOWER HOUSE

  C5064

C5067

C5070
D5064

D5067

D5070
  Average district magnitude in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier). This is calculated as the total number of seats allocated in the [lowest/second/third] segment (tier) divided by the total number of districts in that segment (tier).Average district magnitude in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier). This is calculated as the total number of seats allocated in the [lowest/second/third] segment (tier) divided by the total number of districts in that segment (tier).
SECONDARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT

SECONDARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT

SECONDARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT

SECONDARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT

A5029_1

A5029_2

A5029_3

A5029_4
B5035_1

B5035_2

B5035_3

B5035_4
  
How many secondary electoral districts are there?How many secondary electoral districts are there?  
TERTIARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT

TERTIARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT

TERTIARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT

TERTIARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT

A5030_1

A5030_2

A5030_3

A5030_4
B5036_1

B5036_2

B5036_3

B5036_4
  
How many tertiary electoral districts are there?How many tertiary electoral districts are there?  
COMPULSORY VOTING

A5031B5037  
Is voting compulsory?Is voting compulsory?  
COMPULSORY VOTING - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

COMPULSORY VOTING - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

COMPULSORY VOTING - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

COMPULSORY VOTING - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5044_1

C5044_2

C5044_3

C5044_4
D5044_1

D5044_2

D5044_3

D5044_4
  Is voting compulsory? Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.Is voting compulsory? Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.
VOTES CAST - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTES CAST - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTES CAST - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTES CAST - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

A5032_1

A5032_2

A5032_3

A5032_4
B5038_1

B5038_2

B5038_3

B5038_4
C5038_1

C5038_2

C5038_3

C5038_4
D5038_1

D5038_2

D5038_3

D5038_4
How many votes do they or can they cast?How many votes do they or can they cast?How many votes do voters cast or can cast? In systems where voters rank order the candidates, if there are 10 candidates (for example), the response to this question should be 10.How many votes do voters cast or can cast? In systems where voters rank order the candidates, if there are 10 candidates (for example), the response to this question should be 10.
VOTING PROCEDURE - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTING PROCEDURE - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTING PROCEDURE - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTING PROCEDURE - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

A5033_1

A5033_2

A5033_3

A5033_4
B5039_1

B5039_2

B5039_3

B5039_4
C5039_1

C5039_2

C5039_3

C5039_4
D5039_1

D5039_2

D5039_3

D5039_4
With each vote allocated in this segment, voters select:With each vote allocated in this segment, voters select:Do they vote for candidates (not party lists) or party lists? Definition: Party bloc voting is used in multi-member districts where voters cast a single party-centered vote for their party of choice; the party with the most votes wins all of the district seats.Do they vote for candidates (not party lists) or party lists? Definition: Party bloc voting is used in multi-member districts where voters cast a single party-centered vote for their party of choice; the party with the most votes wins all of the district seats.
VOTING ROUNDS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTING ROUNDS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTING ROUNDS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

VOTING ROUNDS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5040_1

C5040_2

C5040_3

C5040_4
D5040_1

D5040_2

D5040_3

D5040_4
  How many rounds of voting are there?How many rounds of voting are there?
TRANSFERABLE VOTES

 B5040  
 Are the votes transferable?  
TRANSFERABLE VOTES - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

TRANSFERABLE VOTES - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

TRANSFERABLE VOTES - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

TRANSFERABLE VOTES - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5042_1

C5042_2

C5042_3

C5042_4
D5042_1

D5042_2

D5042_3

D5042_4
  Are the votes transferable? Definition: In systems with preferential voting, a voter can express a list of preferences. E.g., votes can be cast by putting a '1' in the column next to the voter's preferred candidate, a '2' beside their second favorite candidate and so on. Votes are counted according to the first preferences and any candidates who have achieved the predetermined quota are elected. To decide which of the remaining candidates are elected the votes are transferred from candidates who have more than the necessary number to achieve the quota and from the candidate with the least number of votes. An example of this is the election in Ireland in 2002.Are the votes transferable? Definition: In systems with preferential voting, a voter can express a list of preferences. E.g., votes can be cast by putting a '1' in the column next to the voter's preferred candidate, a '2' beside their second favorite candidate and so on. Votes are counted according to the first preferences and any candidates who have achieved the predetermined quota are elected. To decide which of the remaining candidates are elected the votes are transferred from candidates who have more than the necessary number to achieve the quota and from the candidate with the least number of votes. An example of this is the election in Ireland in 2002.
CUMULATED VOTES - IF MORE THAN ONE CAN BE CAST

 B5041  
 If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated?  
CUMULATED VOTES - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

CUMULATED VOTES - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

CUMULATED VOTES - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

CUMULATED VOTES - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5043_1

C5043_2

C5043_3

C5043_4
D5043_1

D5043_2

D5043_3

D5043_4
  If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated? Definition: Cumulative voting refers to systems in which voters are allowed to cast more than one vote for a single candidate.If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated? Definition: Cumulative voting refers to systems in which voters are allowed to cast more than one vote for a single candidate.
ELECTORAL FORMULA - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT

ELECTORAL FORMULA - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT

ELECTORAL FORMULA - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT

ELECTORAL FORMULA - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT

A5034_1

A5034_2

A5034_3

A5034_4
B5043_1

B5043_2

B5043_3

B5043_4
  
What electoral formula(e) are used?What electoral formula(e) are used?  
ELECTORAL FORMULA - LOWEST TIER - LOWER HOUSE

ELECTORAL FORMULA - SECOND TIER - LOWER HOUSE

ELECTORAL FORMULA - THIRD TIER - LOWER HOUSE

  C5065

C5068

C5071
D5065

D5068

D5071
  The precise electoral formula used in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) of the lower house.
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS ELECTORAL FORMULA

   D5057
  This variable indicates what electoral formula was used to elect the president.
ELECTORAL FORMULA IN ALL ELECTORAL SEGMENTS (TIERS)

   D5058
   This is a variable indicating whether the country uses (i) a majoritarian formula in all of its electoral segments (tiers), (ii) a proportional formula in all of its electoral segments (tiers), or (iii) a mixed formula.
IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5045_1

C5045_2

C5045_3

C5045_4
D5045_1

D5045_2

D5045_3

D5045_4
  Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?
PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

A5035_1

A5035_2

A5035_3

A5035_4
B5042_1

B5042_2

B5042_3

B5042_4
C5046_1

C5046_2

C5046_3

C5046_4
D5046_1

D5046_2

D5046_3

D5046_4
Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats? If so, what is the threshold? (percentage of vote)Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats? If so, what is the threshold? (percentage of vote)If yes, what is the threshold?If YES in Question 21a, what is the threshold?
UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5047_1

C5047_2

C5047_3

C5047_4
D5047_1

D5047_2

D5047_3

D5047_4
  If yes, what is the unit for the threshold mentioned?If YES in Question 21a, what is the unit for the threshold mentioned in Question 21b?
PARTY LISTS - CLOSED, OPEN, OR FLEXIBLE

 B5044  
 If there are lists, are they closed, open, or flexible?  
PARTY LISTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

PARTY LISTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

PARTY LISTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)

PARTY LISTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)

  C5041_1

C5041_2

C5041_3

C5041_4
D5041_1

D5041_2

D5041_3

D5041_4
  If there are lists, are they closed, open, flexible, or is there party bloc voting?If there are lists, are they closed, open, flexible, or is there party bloc voting?
CAN PARTIES RUN JOINT LISTS

A5036B5045  
Can parties run joint lists?Can parties run joint lists?  
REQUIREMENTS FOR JOINT PARTY LISTS

A5037B5049C5033D5033
If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.
THE POSSIBILITY OF APPARENTEMENT

A5038B5046C5034D5034
Is there apparentement or linking of party lists?Is there apparentement or linking of party lists?Is there apparentement or linking of lists?Is there apparentement or linking of lists?
TYPES OF APPARENTEMENT AGREEMENTS

A5039B5050C5035D5035
If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?
MULTI-PARTY ENDORSEMENTS

A5040B5047C5036D5036
Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?
MULTI-PARTY ENDORSEMENTS ON BALLOT

A5041B5051C5037D5037
If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?
ALLY PARTY SUPPORT

A5042B5048  
Can parties withdraw their lists or candidates in some constituencies, urging their supporters there to vote for an ally's list or candidate?Can parties withdraw their lists or candidates in some constituencies, urging their supporters there to vote for an ally's list or candidate?  
NUMBER OF MONTHS SINCE LAST LOWER HOUSE ELECTION

   D5055
   Indicates the number of months between the current election and the previous national lower chamber election (if current election renews the national lower chamber), or the most recent national lower chamber election (if current election does not renew the national lower chamber).
NUMBER OF MONTHS SINCE LAST PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

   D5056
   Indicates the number of months between the current and previous presidential election. This variable does not signify that the election chose either the nominal or effective head of government.
HEAD OF STATE - INTRODUCE LEGISLATION

A5043B5065  
Does the head of state have power of introduce legislation?Does the head of state have power of introduce legislation?  
HEAD OF STATE - EXPEDITED ACTION

A5044B5066  
Does the Head of State have power to require expedited action on specific legislation? If yes, what is the default if the legislature takes no action?Does the Head of State have power to require expedited action on specific legislation? (i.e., set a deadline by which the legislature is required to act on the bill)?  
HEAD OF STATE - PACKAGE VETO

A5045B5067  
Does the Head of State have package veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the veto?Does the Head of State have package veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the veto?  
HEAD OF STATE - PARTIAL VETO

A5046B5068  
Does Head of State partial veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the partial veto?Does the Head of State have partial veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the veto?  
HEAD OF STATE - LEGISLATE BY DECREE

A5047B5069  
Does the Head of State have power to legislate by decree? If yes, does this require that the legislature must first specifically delegate decree authority to the Head of State by statute? If yes, are there restrictions on the policy areas in which the Head of State can legislate by decree? If yes, are there other restrictions on the Head of State's authority to legislate by decree?Does the Head of State have power to issue decrees with the power of law? (to legislate by decree?)  
HEAD OF STATE - EMERGENCY POWERS

A5048B5070  
Does the Head of State emergency powers? If yes, what actions can the head of state take under emergency authority? If yes, under what conditions can the head of state invoke emergency authority? If yes, what restrictions are there on the head of state's authority to invoke and exercise emergency authority?Does the Head of State have emergency powers?  
HEAD OF STATE - POSTPONE ELECTION

A5049   
Do emergency powers allow head of state to postpone scheduled elections or extend presidential/legislative terms indefinitely?   
HEAD OF STATE - NEGOTIATE AGREEMENTS

A5050B5071  
Does the Head of State have power to negotiate treaties and international agreements? If yes, what other requirements are there for approval of treaties and international agreements negotiated by the head of state?Does the Head of State have power to negotiate treaties and international agreements? If yes, what other requirements are there for approval of treaties and international agreements negotiated by the head of state?  
HEAD OF STATE - COMMANDER OF FORCES

A5051B5072  
Does the Head of State have power as commander of the armed forces?Does the Head of State have power as commander of the armed forces?  
HEAD OF STATE - PROMOTION OF OFFICERS

A5052   
If yes, does the Head of State control promotions of high ranking officers?   
HEAD OF STATE - DEMOTION OF OFFICERS

A5053   
If yes, can the Head of State dismiss or demote high-ranking officers?   
HEAD OF STATE - MOBILIZE TROOPS

A5054   
If yes, can the Head of State mobilize and demobilize troops?   
HEAD OF STATE - INTRODUCE REFERENDA

A5055B5073  
Does the head of State have power to introduce referenda? If yes, under what conditions?Does the head of State have power to introduce referenda or plebiscites? If yes, under what conditions?  
HEAD OF STATE - REFER LEGISLATION TO JUDICIARY

A5056B5074  
Does the Head of State have the power to refer legislation to the judicial branch for review of constitutionality?Does the Head of State have the power to refer legislation to the judicial branch for review of constitutionality?  
HEAD OF STATE - LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS

A5057B5075  
Does the Head of State have power to convene special legislative sessions? If yes, is this the Head of State's power exclusively, or can any other(s) do this as well?Does the Head of State have power to convene special legislative sessions?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - NAME MINISTERS

A5058B5084_1  
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the composition of the cabinet?Does the Head of Government have the authority to name ministers and assign portfolios alone?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - NOMINATE MINISTERS

 B5084_2  
 Does the Head of Government have the authority to nominate ministers for approval by the president?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - REVIEW MINISTERIAL NOMINATIONS

 B5084_3  
 Does the Head of Government have the authority to review and approve ministerial nominations made by the president?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - DISMISS MINISTERS

 B5084_4  
 Does the Head of Government have the authority to dismiss ministers and reassign portfolios at own discretion?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - OTHER

 B5084_5  
 Does the Head of Government have some other authorities over the cabinet (please explain)?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - OTHER

 B5084_6  
 If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Other (please explain)?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - CHAIR CABINET MEETINGS

A5059B5085_1  
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Chairs cabinet meetings?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Chairs cabinet meetings?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - LEGISLATURE SCHEDULES

A5060B5085_2  
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Determines schedule of issues to be considered by the legislature?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Determines schedule of issues to be considered by the legislature?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - POLICY ALTERNATIVES

A5061B5085_3  
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Determines which alternatives will be voted on by the legislature and in which order?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Determines which alternatives will be voted on by the legislature, and in which order?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - REFERS POLICY TO COMMITTEE

A5062B5085_4  
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Refers legislative proposals to party or legislative committees?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Refers legislative proposals to party or legislative committees?  
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - VOTES OF CONFIDENCE

A5063B5085_5  
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Calls votes of confidence in government?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Calls votes of confidence in government?  
CABINET DISMISSAL - HEAD OF STATE

A5064B5086_1  
By what method(s) can cabinet members, or the entire cabinet, be dismissed?By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By the head of state acting alone?  
CABINET DISMISSAL - HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

 B5086_2  
 By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By the prime minister acting alone?  
CABINET DISMISSAL - MAJORITY OF LEGISLATURE

 B5086_3  
 By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By majority vote of the legislature where a majority of all legislators is required?  
CABINET DISMISSAL - PLURALITY OF LEGISLATURE

 B5086_4  
 By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By majority vote of the legislature where a majority of those legislators voting is required?  
CABINET DISMISSAL - COMBINATION

 B5086_5  
 By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By some combination of the above, acting in concert (Please explain)?  
CABINET DISMISSAL - OTHER

 B5086_6  
 By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? Other (Please explain)?  
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE

A5065B5087  
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly schedule elections?Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly schedule elections?  
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - HEAD OF STATE

 B5087_1  
 Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By the head of state acting alone?  
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

 B5087_2  
 Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By the prime minister acting alone?  
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - MAJORITY OF LEGISLATURE

 B5087_3  
 Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By majority vote of the legislature?  
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - COMBINATION

 B5087_4  
 Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By some combination of the above, acting in concert (Please explain)?  
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - OTHER

 B5087_5  
 Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - Other (Please explain)?  
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE

A5066B5088  
... are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved?If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved?  
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE - TIMING

 B5088_1  
 If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved? On the timing of dissolution?  
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE - INACTION

 B5088_2  
 If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved? As a response to action/inaction by the legislature?  
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE - OTHER

 B5088_3  
 If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved? Other (Explain)?  
SECOND CHAMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE

 B5089  
 Is there a second chamber of the legislature?  
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - METHOD OF ELECTION

 B5090  
 If there is a second chamber of the legislature, what is the method of election?  
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - COMPOSITION

 B5091  
 If there is a second chamber and it is indirectly elected, are those who choose its members:  
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - EXCLUSIVE LEGISLATIVE POWERS

 B5092  
 If there is a second chamber, does it have specific and exclusive legislative powers?  
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - EXCLUSIVE LEGISLATIVE POWERS

 B5092  
 If there is a second chamber, does it have specific and exclusive legislative powers?  
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - POWER OVER THE CABINET

 B5093  
 If there is a second chamber, does it have the power to remove the cabinet or censure its ministers?  
CONSTITUTIONAL FEDERAL STRUCTURE

 B5094C5090D5099
 Is there a constitutionally guaranteed division of power between the central government and regional and/or local governments?Is the country federal?Is the country federal?
CENTRAL POWER OVER PERIPHERY

 B5095  
 Does the central government have the power to remove elected officials of regional and/or local governments?  
FREEDOM HOUSE RATING - TIME T

FREEDOM HOUSE RATING - TIME T-1

FREEDOM HOUSE RATING - TIME T-2

  C5050_1

C5050_2

C5050_3
D5050_1

D5050_2

D5050_3
  These variables report Freedom House's rating of freedom in a country at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). Each country and territory is assigned a numerical rating, on a scale of 1 to 7. A rating of 1 indicates the highest degree of freedom and 7 the least amount of freedom. CSES reports average of the "Political Rights" and "Civil Liberties" scores.These variables report Freedom House's rating of freedom in a country at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). Each country and territory is assigned a numerical rating, on a scale of 1 to 7. A rating of 1 indicates the highest degree of freedom and 7 the least amount of freedom. CSES reports average of the "Political Rights" and "Civil Liberties" scores.
DEMOCRACY-AUTOCRACY - POLITY IV RATING - TIME T

DEMOCRACY-AUTOCRACY - POLITY IV RATING - TIME T-1

DEMOCRACY-AUTOCRACY - POLITY IV RATING - TIME T-2

  C5051_1

C5051_2

C5051_3
D5051_1

D5051_2

D5051_3
  These variables report POLITY IV ratings of institutionalized democracy versus autocracy in a country, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). CSES reports the original variable POLITY - Combined Polity Score. The variable is constructed by subtracting the autocracy score from the democracy score; the resulting scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to -10 (strongly autocratic).These variables report POLITY IV ratings of institutionalized democracy versus autocracy in a country, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). CSES reports the original variable POLITY - Combined Polity Score. The variable is constructed by subtracting the autocracy score from the democracy score; the resulting scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to -10 (strongly autocratic).
AGE OF THE CURRENT REGIME

  C5052D5052
  The number of years since the most recent regime change (defined by a three-point change in the POLITY score over a period of three years or less) or the end of transition period defined by the lack of stable political institutions (denoted by a standardized authority score) [From Polity IV Project Dataset Users' Manual].The number of years since the most recent regime change (defined by a three-point change in the POLITY score over a period of three years or less) or the end of transition period defined by the lack of stable political institutions (denoted by a standardized authority score) [From Polity IV Project Dataset Users' Manual].
REGIME: TYPE OF EXECUTIVE

  C5054D5054
  Classification of political regimes in which democracies are distinguished by the type of executive (0 Dictatorship, 1 Parliamentary Democracy, 2 Mixed Democracy, 3 Presidential Democracy). Classification of political regimes in which democracies are distinguished by the type of executive (0 Dictatorship, 1 Parliamentary Democracy, 2 Mixed Democracy, 3 Presidential Democracy).
GDP GROWTH - ANNUAL % (WORLD BANK) - TIME T

GDP GROWTH - ANNUAL % (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1

GDP GROWTH - ANNUAL % (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2

  C5080_1

C5080_2

C5080_3
D5080_1

D5080_2

D5080_3
  These variables report World Bank estimate of the annual GDP growth, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the annual GDP growth, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
GDP PER CAPITA, PPP (WORLD BANK) - TIME T

GDP PER CAPITA, PPP (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1

GDP PER CAPITA, PPP (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2

  C5081_1

C5081_2

C5081_3
D5081_1

D5081_2

D5081_3
  These variables report World Bank estimate of the GDP per capita, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the GDP per capita, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
INFLATION, GDP DEFLATOR (ANNUAL %) (WORLD BANK) - TIME T

INFLATION, GDP DEFLATOR (ANNUAL %) (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1

INFLATION, GDP DEFLATOR (ANNUAL %) (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2

  C5082_1

C5082_2

C5082_3
D5082_1

D5082_2

D5082_3
  These variables report World Bank estimate of Inflation at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of Inflation at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (UNDP) - TIME T

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (UNDP) - TIME T-1

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (UNDP) - TIME T-2

  C5083_1

C5083_2

C5083_3
D5083_1

D5083_2

D5083_3
  These variables report UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). These variables report UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
POPULATION, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T

POPULATION, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1

POPULATION, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2

  C5084_1

C5084_2

C5084_3
D5084_1

D5084_2

D5084_3
  These variables report World Bank estimate of the total population size, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the total population size, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T

UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1

UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2

  C5085_1

C5085_2

C5085_3
D5085_1

D5085_2

D5085_3
  These variables report World Bank estimate of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
TI CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX

   D5086
    This variable reports the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). The Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries worldwide, scoring them from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
NET MIGRATION RATE

   D5088
   This variable reports the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over a period, divided by the person-years lived by the population of the receiving country over that period. Expressed as net number of migrants per 1,000 population, covering 5-year period.
GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE (%GDP) - T

GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE (%GDP) - T-1

GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE (%GDP) - T-2

   D5089_1

D5089_2

D5089_3
   These variables report World Bank estimates of the General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T

HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-1

HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-2

   D5091_1

D5091_2

D5091_3
   These variables report World Bank estimates of the Total health expenditure (% of GDP) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
MILITARY EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T

MILITARY EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-1

MILITARY EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-2

   D5092_1

D5092_2

D5092_3
   These variables report World Bank estimates of the Military expenditure (% of GDP) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT, TOTAL (% GDP) TIME T

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT, TOTAL (% GDP) TIME T-1

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT, TOTAL (% GDP) TIME T-2

   D5093_1

D5093_2

D5093_3
   These variables report World Bank estimates of the Central government debt, total (% of GDP), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
PERCENTAGE OF INDIVIDUALS USING THE INTERNET

   D5095
   This variable reports the Percentage of individuals using the Internet.
MOBILE PHONE SUBSCRIPTIONS PER 100 INHABITANTS

   D5096
   This variable reports the number of mobile-cellular subscriptions per 100 inhabitants.
FIXED TELEPHONE LINES PER 100 INHABITANTS

   D5097
   This variable reports the number of Fixed-telephone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants.
ELECTORAL RESULTS DATA AVAILABLE

  C5092D5101
  Are electoral results data available?Are electoral results data available?