Variable Table

Updated October 14, 2019

The below variable table is provided to help in understanding what content is available from CSES across all of its modules. Within each section, blue rows either distinguish among modules or highlight a group of variables, orange rows contain variable labels, grey rows contain variable names (by module), and white rows contain the associated variable or question text (by module).

The table is not intended to replace use of the CSES codebook and other documentation. Because the table merges multiple modules, questions do not necessarily appear in the order in which they were asked, and variables do not necessarily appear in the same order as in the codebooks.

Administrative Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
CSES Module 5
(2016-2021)
CSES IMD
(1996-2016)
DATASET
A1001B1001C1001D1001E1001IMD1001
Dataset.Dataset.Dataset.Dataset.Dataset.Dataset.
DATASET VERSION
A1002B1002C1002D1002_VERE1002_VERIMD1002_VER
Dataset version.Dataset version.Dataset version.Dataset version.Dataset version.Dataset version.
DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER
A1002_DOIB1002_DOIC1002_DOID1002_DOIE1002_DOIIMD1002_DOI
Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.Digital Object Identifier.
ID VARIABLE - ELECTION STUDY (NUMERIC POLITY)
A1003B1003C1003D1003E1003IMD1003
Election Study Identifier, with Numeric Polity Component.Election Study Identifier, with Numeric Polity Component.Election Study Identifier: Numeric Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Numeric Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Numeric Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Numeric Polity Code and Election Year.
ID VARIABLE - ELECTION STUDY (ALPHABETIC POLITY)
A1004B1004C1004D1004E1004IMD1004
Election Study Identifier, with Alphabetic Polity Component.Election Study Identifier, with Alphabetic Polity Component.Election Study Identifier: Alphabetic Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Alphabetic Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Alphabetic Polity Code and Election Year.Election Study Identifier: Alphabetic Polity Code and Election Year.
ID VARIABLE - RESPONDENT
A1005B1005C1005D1005E1005IMD1005
Respondent Identifier, unique across dataset.Respondent Identifier, unique across dataset.Respondent Identifier.Respondent Identifier.Respondent Identifier.Respondent Identifier.
ID COMPONENT - POLITY - CSES CODE
A1006B1006C1006D1006E1006IMD1006
Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.Polity Identifier.
ID COMPONENT - POLITY - UN CODE
A1006_UNB1006_UNC1006_UND1006_UNE1006_UNIMD1006_UN
Polity Identifier UN Country Code.Polity Identifier UN Country Code.Polity Identifier UN Country Code.Polity Identifier UN Country Code.Polity Identifier UN Country Code.Polity Identifier UN Country Code.
ID COMPONENT - POLITY - NAME
A1006_NAMB1006_NAMC1006_NAMD1006_NAME1006_NAMIMD1006_NAM
Polity Identifier Country Name.Polity Identifier Country Name.Polity Identifier Country Name.Polity Identifier Country Name.Polity Identifier Country Name.Polity Identifier Country Name.
ID COMPONENT - SAMPLE COMPONENT
A1007B1007C1007D1007E1007IMD1007
In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components as units of analysis, rather than the elections themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable reports 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable reports 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. This variable identifies these sample components. Where these sample components do not exist this variable is coded 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. We use this variable to capture information about subsets of respondents that are meaningful but that are not capture by other variables. This may, for instance, refer to different sample components or respondents from different panel components. For all other cases, this variable is coded 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. We use this variable to capture information about subsets of respondents that are meaningful but that are not capture by other variables. This may, for instance, refer to different sample components or respondents from different panel components. For all other cases, this variable is coded 001.In some cases, analysts may wish to consider regions of countries or other sample components units of analysis, rather than the countries themselves. We use this variable to capture information about subsets of respondents that are meaningful but that are not captured by other variables. This may, for instance, refer to different sample components or respondents from different panel components. For all other cases, this variable is coded 001.
ID COMPONENT - ELECTION YEAR
A1008B1008C1008D1008E1008IMD1008_YEAR
Election year.Election year.Election year.Election year.Election year.Election year.
ID COMPONENT - MODULE 1
ID COMPONENT - MODULE 2
ID COMPONENT - MODULE 3
ID COMPONENT - MODULE 4
IMD1008_MOD_1
IMD1008_MOD_2
IMD1008_MOD_3
IMD1008_MOD_4
CSES MODULE identifier.
ID COMPONENT - RESPONDENT WITHIN ELECTION STUDY
A1009B1009C1009D1009E1009IMD1008_RES
Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.Respondent identifier.
ORIGINAL WEIGHT: SAMPLE

ORIGINAL WEIGHT: DEMOGRAPHIC

ORIGINAL WEIGHT: POLITICAL

A1010_1

A1010_2

A1010_3
B1010_1

B1010_2

B1010_3
C1010_1

C1010_2

C1010_3
D1010_1

D1010_2

D1010_3
E1010_1

E1010_2

E1010_3
FACTOR: MEAN OF SAMPLE WEIGHT

FACTOR: MEAN OF DEMOGRAPHIC WEIGHT

FACTOR: MEAN OF POLITICAL WEIGHT

A1011_1

A1011_2

A1011_3
B1011_1

B1011_2

B1011_3
C1011_1

C1011_2

C1011_3
D1011_1

D1011_2

D1011_3
E1011_1

E1011_2

E1011_3
POLITY WEIGHT: SAMPLE

POLITY WEIGHT: DEMOGRAPHIC

POLITY WEIGHT: POLITICAL

A1012_1B1012_1C1012_1D1012_1E1012_1IMD1010_1
A1012_2B1012_2C1012_2D1012_2E1012_2IMD1010_2
A1012_3B1012_3C1012_3D1012_3E1012_3IMD1010_3
FACTOR: SAMPLE SIZE ADJUSTMENT
A1013B1013C1013D1013E1013
DATASET WEIGHT: SAMPLE

DATASET WEIGHT: DEMOGRAPHIC

DATASET WEIGHT: POLITICAL

A1014_1

A1014_2

A1014_3
B1014_1

B1014_2

B1014_3
C1014_1

C1014_2

C1014_3
D1014_1

D1014_2

D1014_3
E1014_1

E1014_2

E1014_3
ELECTION TYPE
A1015B1015C1015D1015E1015IMD1009
Type of election.Type of election.Type of election.Type of election.Type of election.Type of election.
DATE FIRST ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - MONTH

DATE FIRST ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - DAY

DATE FIRST ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - YEAR

DATE SECOND ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - MONTH

DATE SECOND ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - DAY

DATE SECOND ROUND ELECTION BEGAN - YEAR
A1016

A1017

A1018

A1019

A1020

A1021
B1016

B1017

B1018

B1019

B1020

B1021
C1016

C1017

C1018

C1019

C1020

C1021
D1016

D1017

D1018

D1019

D1020

D1021
E1016

E1017

E1018

E1019

E1020

E1021
IMD1011_D
IMD1011_Y


IMD1012_M


IMD1012_D


IMD1012_Y
Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.Date [first round/second round] election began.
STUDY TIMING
A1022B1022C1022D1022E1022IMD1015
Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.Timing of study relative to election.
STUDY CONTEXT
E1023
Study context in which CSES module was conducted.
MODE OF INTERVIEW
A1023B1023C1023D1023
Mode of interview.Mode of interview.Mode of interview.Mode of interview.
MODE OF INTERVIEW - STUDY - FIRST
MODE OF INTERVIEW - STUDY - SECOND
MODE OF INTERVIEW - STUDY - THIRD
E1024_1IMD1016_1
E1024_2IMD1016_2
E1024_3IMD1016_3
Mode of interview used in study. For mixed mode studies, the different modes used are coded into E1024_1-E1024_3 in no particular order.Modes of interview used within the respective election study.
MODE OF INTERVIEW - RESPONDENT - FIRST
MODE OF INTERVIEW - RESPONDENT - SECOND
MODE OF INTERVIEW - RESPONDENT - THIRD
E1025_1
E1025_2
E1025_3
Mode of interview used by respondent. For mixed mode studies, the different modes used are coded into E1025_1-E1025_3 in no particular order.
SELF-SELECTION INTO MODE OF INTERVIEW
E1026
Only applicable for mixed mode studies. This variable distinguishes between studies where respondents were assigned to the study mode and those studies where different characteristics of respondents led to de-facto self-selection into a survey mode. The variable operates on the study level.
DURATION OF INTERVIEW
E1027
Duration of interview.
INTERVIEWER WITHIN ELECTION STUDY
A1024B1024C1024D1024E1028
Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.Interviewer identification variable, within election study.
INTERVIEWER GENDER
A1025B1025C1025D1025E1029
Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.Gender of interviewer.
DAYS FIELDWORK STARTED POST ELECTION
E1030
Number of days after the election fieldwork started.
DURATION OF FIELDWORK
E1031
Duration of fieldwork.
DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - MONTH
DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - DAY
DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - YEAR
A1026B1026C1026D1026E1032IMD1013_M
A1027B1027C1027D1027E1033IMD1013_D
A1028B1028C1028D1028E1034IMD1013_Y
Date that the questionnaire was administered.Date that the questionnaire was administered.Date questionnaire administered.Date questionnaire administered.Date questionnaire administered.Date questionnaire administered.
DAYS INTERVIEW CONDUCTED POST ELECTION
A2026B2032C2032D1029
Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days after the election interview conducted.
DAYS INTERVIEW CONDUCTED POST FIRST ROUND OF ELECTION
DAYS INTERVIEW CONDUCTED POST SECOND ROUND OF ELECTION
E1035_1IMD1014_1
E1035_2IMD1014_2
Number of days after the election interview conducted.Number of days passed between the [first/second] round of the election and the day the respondent was interviewed.
LANGUAGE OF QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTRATION
D1030E1036
Language of questionnaire administration.Language of questionnaire administration.
QUESTIONNAIRE VERSION
E1037
Version of the CSES Module 5 questionnaire that was fielded.

Demographic Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
CSES Module 5
(2016-2021)
CSES IMD
(1996-2016)
AGE OF RESPONDENT (IN YEARS)
A2001B2001C2001IMD2001_1
Age of respondent (in years).Age of respondent (in years).Age of respondent (in years).Age of respondent (in years).
AGE OF RESPONDENT (IN CATEGORIES)
IMD2001_2
Age of respondent (in categories listed below).
DATE OF BIRTH OF RESPONDENT - MONTH
DATE OF BIRTH OF RESPONDENT - YEAR
D2001_ME2001_M
D2001_YE2001_Y
Date of birth of respondent.Date of birth of respondent.
GENDER
A2002B2002C2002D2002E2002IMD2002
Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.Gender of respondent.Gender of Respondent.
EDUCATION
A2003B2003C2003D2003E2003IMD2003
Highest level of education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.Education of the respondent.Education of respondent.
MARITAL STATUS
A2004B2004C2004D2004E2004IMD2004
Marital status of respondent.Respondent's marital status.Respondent's marital or civil union status.Respondent's marital or civil union status.Respondent's marital or civil union status.Respondent's marital or civil union status.
UNION MEMBERSHIP
A2005B2005C2005D2005E2005
Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.Union membership of respondent.
UNION MEMBERSHIP OF OTHERS IN HOUSEHOLD
A2006B2006C2006D2006
Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.Someone in household other than respondent is a member of a union.
BUSINESS OR EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
B2007C2007D2007
R is a member of a business or employers' association.R is a member of a business or employers' association.R is a member of a business or employers' association.
FARMERS' ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
B2008C2008D2008
R is a member of a farmers' association.R is a member of a farmers' association.R is a member of a farmers' association.
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP
B2009C2009D2009
R is a member of a professional association.R is a member of a professional association.R is a member of a professional association.
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS
A2007B2010C2010D2010E2006
Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.Current employment status of respondent.
MAIN OCCUPATION
A2008B2011C2011D2011E2007
Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.Main occupation of respondent.
SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS
B2012C2012D2012E2008
Respondent's socio economic status.Respondent's socio economic status.Respondent's socio economic status.Respondent's socio economic status.
EMPLOYMENT TYPE - PUBLIC OR PRIVATE
A2009B2013C2013D2013E2009
Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.Whether respondent's employment is private or public.
INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
A2010B2014C2014D2014
Industrial sector of respondent's employment.Industrial sector of respondent's employment.Industrial sector of respondent's employment.Industrial sector of respondent's employment.
SPOUSE: CURRENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS
B2015C2015D2015
Current employment status of respondent's spouse.Current employment status of respondent's spouse.Current employment status of respondent's spouse.
SPOUSE: OCCUPATION
A2011B2016C2016D2016
Occupation of chief wage earner/spouse.Spouse's occupation.Spouse's occupation.Spouse's main occupation.
SPOUSE: SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS
B2017C2017D2017
Spouse's socio economic status.Spouse's socio economic status.Spouse's socio economic status.
SPOUSE: EMPLOYMENT TYPE - PUBLIC OR PRIVATE
B2018C2018D2018
Whether spouse's employment is private or public.Whether spouse's employment is private or public.Whether spouse's employment is private or public.
SPOUSE: INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
B2019C2019D2019
Industrial sector of spouse's employment.Industrial sector of spouse's employment.Industrial sector of spouse's employment.
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
A2012B2020C2020D2020E2010IMD2006
Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.Household income quintile appropriate to the respondent.
HOUSEHOLD INCOME (ORIGINAL VARIABLE)
E2011
This variable contains the original data for household income in the format collected by the collaborators.
NUMBER IN HOUSEHOLD
A2013B2021C2021D2021E2012
Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.Exact number of persons in household - that is, the number of persons living together in the housing unit excluding paid employees and persons who pay for rent for a room.
NUMBER IN HOUSEHOLD UNDER AGE 18
A2014B2022C2022D2022
Number of people in household under the age of 18.Number of people in household under the age of 18.Number of people in household under the age of 18.Number of people in household under the age of 18.
NUMBER IN HOUSEHOLD UNDER AGE 6
D2023
Number of people in household under the age of 6.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES ATTENDANCE
A2015B2023C2023D2024E2014
Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.Attendance at religious services.
RELIGIOSITY
A2016B2024C2024D2025
Religiosity.Religiosity.Religiosity.Religiosity.
RELIGIOUS DENOMINATION
A2017B2025C2025D2026E2013IMD2005
Religious denomination.Religious denomination.Religious denomination.Religious denomination.Religious denomination.Religious denomination.
LANGUAGE USUALLY SPOKEN AT HOME
A2018B2026C2026D2027E2019
This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondents' household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.This variable reports the language usually spoken in the respondent's household. If more than one language is spoken at home, this variable reports the language spoken most of the time.
REGION OF RESIDENCE
A2019B2027C2027D2028E2020
This variable reports the respondents' region of residence using coding categories not more detailed than the autonomous regions in Spain, or the Laender in Germany. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavages.This variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavagesThis variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavagesThis variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavagesThis variable reports the respondent's region of residence. Regions are usually (but not always) based upon the social, cultural, or historical differences (though some correspond to administrative regions) that manifest themselves in political cleavages
RACE
A2020B2028C2028D2029E2015
Race of respondent.Race of respondent.This item reports the respondent's race. This variable is coded according to national standards.This item reports the respondent's race. This variable is coded according to national standards.This item reports the respondent's race. This variable is coded according to national standards.
ETHNICITY
A2021B2029C2029D2030E2016
This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.This variable reports the ethnic identity of respondents.
RURAL OR URBAN RESIDENCE
A2022B2030C2030D2031E2022IMD2007
Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.Rural/Urban Residence.
PRIMARY ELECTORAL DISTRICT
A2027B2031C2031D2032E2021
Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.Primary electoral district of respondent.
COUNTRY OF BIRTH
D2033E2017
Respondent's country of birth.Respondent's country of birth.
YEAR ARRIVED IN CURRENT COUNTRY
D2034
Year, when respondent arrived in the current country (the country where the election study is being conducted).
WAS EITHER BIOLOGICAL PARENT BORN OUTSIDE OF THE COUNTRY
E2018
Was either biological parent born outside of [COUNTRY]?

Survey Module Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
CSES Module 5
(2016-2021)
CSES IMD
(1996-2016)
Current Election
TURNOUT - MAIN ELECTION
IMD3001
This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot in the main election, regardless of whether or not it was valid.
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - QUESTION 1
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - QUESTION 2
A2028B3004_1C3021_1
B3004_2C3021_2
Whether or not respondent cast a ballot (regardless of whether the ballot was valid).Whether or not respondent cast a ballot (regardless of whether the ballot was valid).This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.
CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - FIRST ROUND
CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - SECOND ROUND
D3005_PR_1E3012_PR_1IMD3001_PR_1
D3005_PR_2E3012_PR_2IMD3001_PR_2
This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT
D3005_LHE3012_LHIMD3001_LH
D3005_UHE3012_UHIMD3001_UH
This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid.
CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - FIRST MENTION
CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - SECOND MENTION
CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - THIRD MENTION
CURRENT ELECTION: IF YOU HAD VOTED - FOURTH MENTION
C3022_1
C3022_2
C3022_3
C3022_4
If you would have voted, which [party or parties/candidate or candidates] would you have voted for?
CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - FIRST ROUND
CURRENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - SECOND ROUND
A2029B3005_1C3023_1D3006_PR_1E3013_PR_1IMD3002_PR_1
B3005_2C3023_2D3006_PR_2E3013_PR_2IMD3002_PR_2
Party that respondent voted for: president or party affiliation of candidate voted for.This variable reports the presidential candidate or party affiliation of the presidential candidate for whom the respondent voted.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for president.These variables report the respondent's vote choice for President in the first and/or second round of election.These variables report the respondent's vote choice for President in the first and/or second round of election.These variables report the respondent's vote choice for President in the first and/or second round of election.
PARTY LIST VOTED FOR - DISTRICT /
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 1
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 2
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 3
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST - QUESTION 4
A2030C3024_1
C3024_2
C3024_3
C3024_4
In systems where respondent had option of voting directly for a party list in district-level elections, party list that respondent voted for.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for party list.
PARTY OF CANDIDATE VOTED FOR - DISTRICT /
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 1
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 2
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 3
CURRENT ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 4
A2031C3025_1
C3025_2
C3025_3
C3025_4
In systems where respondent had option of voting directly for a candidate or candidates in district-level election, party of candidate respondent votes for.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for district candidate.
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE
A2032B3008C3026
In systems where respondent's primary vote was for a party list, but respondent had option of voting for individual candidates on the chosen list, in district-level election.For elections in which the respondent can vote for (or rank) candidates a chosen party list (i.e. where lists are "open" or flexible), this variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote.This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2
B3006_1
B3006_2
This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in lower house elections.
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE
D3008_LH_PLE3013_LH_PLIMD3002_LH_PL
D3008_LH_DCE3013_LH_DCIMD3002_LH_DC
These variables report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in Lower House elections.These variables report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in Lower House elections.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for party list/district candidate in the current Lower House elections.
CURRENT LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE
D3006_LH_PFE3013_LH_PF
This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 3
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 4
B3007_1
B3007_2
B3007_3
B3007_4
This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in UPPER house elections.
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 1
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 2
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 3
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 4
D3006_UH_PLE3013_UH_PLIMD3002_UH_PL
D3006_UH_DCE3013_UH_DC_1IMD3002_UH_DC_1
E3013_UH_DC_2IMD3002_UH_DC_2
IMD3002_UH_DC_3
IMD3002_UH_DC_4
These variables report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in Upper House elections.These variables report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in Upper House elections.
CURRENT UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE
D3006_UH_PFE3013_UH_PF
This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate.
CURRENT MAIN ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - OUTGOING GOVERNMENT (INCUMBENT)
E3013_OUTGOVIMD3002_OUTGOV
This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot for the outgoing incumbent, regardless of whether or not it was valid. This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot for the outgoing incumbent, regardless of whether or not it was valid.
CURRENT ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS
C3027
Did you consider voting for any other [party or parties/candidate or candidates]?
CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - FIRST MENTION
CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - SECOND MENTION
CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - THIRD MENTION
CURRENT ELECTION: RESPONDENT DID CONSIDER VOTING FOR OTHERS - FOURTH MENTION
C3028_1
C3028_2
C3028_3
C3028_4
Which ones?
ARE THERE OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE
C3029
And were there any [party or parties/candidate or candidates] that you would never vote for?
OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - FIRST MENTION
OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - SECOND MENTION
OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - THIRD MENTION
OTHERS FOR WHICH RESPONDENT WOULD NEVER VOTE - FOURTH MENTION
C3030_1
C3030_2
C3030_3
C3030_4
Which ones?
Previous Election
LAST ELECTION WAS CONDUCTED FAIRLY
A3002
In some countries, people believe their elections are conducted fairly. In other countries, people believe that their elections are conducted unfairly. Thinking of the last election in [country], where would you place it on this scale of one to five where ONE means that the last election was conducted fairly and FIVE means that the last election was conducted unfairly?
PREVIOUS ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT
B3016C3031
Whether or not respondent cast a ballot (regardless of whether the ballot was valid) in PRECEDING electionThis item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - FIRST ROUND
PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT - SECOND ROUND
D3007_PR_1E3014_PR_1IMD3003_PR_1
D3007_PR_2E3014_PR_2IMD3003_PR_2
This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST A BALLOT
D3007_LHE3014_LHIMD3003_LH
D3007_UHE3014_UHIMD3003_UH
This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.This item ascertains whether or not the respondent cast a ballot, regardless of whether or not it was valid, in the PREVIOUS election to be considered.
PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - FIRST ROUND
PREVIOUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - SECOND ROUND
B3017C3032_1D3008_PR_1E3015_PR_1IMD3004_PR_1
C3032_2D3008_PR_2E3015_PR_2IMD3004_PR_2
This variable reports the presidential candidate or party affiliation of the presidential candidate for whom the respondent voted.This variable reports the respondent's vote choice for president in the PREVIOUS election.This item reports the respondent's vote choice for president in the PREVIOUS election.This item reports the respondent's vote choice for president in the PREVIOUS election.This item reports the respondent's vote choice for president in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 1
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 2
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 3
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST 4
C3033_1
C3033_2
C3033_3
C3033_4
The Q23b item reports the respondent's vote choice for party list in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 1
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 2
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 3
PREVIOUS ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE - QUESTION 4
C3034_1
C3034_2
C3034_3
C3034_4
The Q23b item reports the respondent's vote choice for district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS ELECTION: DID RESPONDENT CAST CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE
B3020C3035
For elections in which the respondent can vote for (or rank) candidates a chosen party list (i.e. where lists are "open" or flexible), this variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote.This variable reports whether or not the respondent cast a preference vote for a candidate in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2
B3018_1
B3018_2
This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in LOWER house elections.
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST
PREVIOUS LOWER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE
D3008_LH_PLE3015_LH_PLIMD3004_LH_PL
D3008_LH_DCE3015_LH_DCIMD3004_LH_DC
These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 1
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 2
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - QUESTION 3
B3019_1
B3019_2
B3019_3
This variable reports the vote(s) cast by the respondent in UPPER house elections.
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - PARTY LIST
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 1
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 2
PREVIOUS UPPER HOUSE ELECTION: VOTE CHOICE - DISTRICT CANDIDATE 3
D3008_UH_PLE3015_UH_PLIMD3004_UH_PL
D3008_UH_DC_1E3015_UH_DC_1IMD3004_UH_DC_1
D3008_UH_DC_2E3015_UH_DC_2IMD3004_UH_DC_2
IMD3004_UH_DC_3
These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.These items report the respondent's vote choice for party list and/or district candidate in the PREVIOUS election.
PERFORMANCE OF PARTY RESPONDENT VOTED FOR IN PREVIOUS ELECTION
B3021
How well did the party you voted for then perform over the past (NUMBER OF YEARS between the previous and the current election) years? Has it done a very good job? a good job? a bad job? a very bad job?
Party Closeness
QUESTIONNAIRE USED - LONG OR SHORT
A3003B3027
Identifies which version, long or short, of questionnaire was administered.Identifies which version, long or short, of the questionnaire was administered.
ARE YOU CLOSE TO ANY POLITICAL PARTY
A3004B3028C3020_1D3018_1E3024_1IMD3005_1
Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular political party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular political party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?
PARTY CLOSEST TO - FIRST MENTION
PARTY CLOSEST TO - SECOND MENTION
PARTY CLOSEST TO - THIRD MENTION
A3005_1B3029_1
A3005_2B3029_2
A3005_3B3029_3
What party is that?What party is that?
NUMBER OF PARTIES MENTIONED IN A3005/B3029
A3006B3030
Check Point: Number of parties (or blocs) mentionedCheck Point: Number of parties (or blocs) mentioned
WHICH PARTY WITHIN BLOC IS RESPONDENT CLOSEST TO - FIRST MENTION
WHICH PARTY WITHIN BLOC IS RESPONDENT CLOSEST TO - SECOND MENTION
WHICH PARTY WITHIN BLOC IS RESPONDENT CLOSEST TO - THIRD MENTION
A3007_1B3031_1
A3007_2B3031_2
A3007_3B3031_3
Which party in [NAME OF BLOC] do you feel closest to?Which party in [NAME OF BLOC] do you feel closest to?
NUMBER OF PARTIES MENTIONED IN A3007/B3029, B3031
A3008B3032
Check Point: Number of parties mentionedCheck Point: Number of parties mentioned
WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSEST TO
A3009B3033
Which party do you feel closest to?Which party do you feel closest to?
DO YOU FEEL CLOSER TO ONE PARTY
A3010B3034C3020_2D3018_2E3024_2IMD3005_2
Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?
WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSER TO / WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSEST TO
A3011B3035C3020_3D3018_3E3024_3IMD3005_3
Which party is that?Which party is that?Which party do you feel closest to?Which party do you feel closest to?Which party do you feel closest to?Which party do you feel closest to?
DEGREE OF CLOSENESS TO THIS PARTY
A3012B3036C3020_4D3018_4E3024_4IMD3005_4
Do you feel very close to this [party/party bloc], somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this [party/party bloc], somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY A
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY B
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY C
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY D
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY E
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY F
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY G
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY H
LIKE-DISLIKE - PARTY I
A3020_AB3037_AC3009_AD3011_AE3017_AIMD3008_A
A3020_BB3037_BC3009_BD3011_BE3017_BIMD3008_B
A3020_CB3037_CC3009_CD3011_CE3017_CIMD3008_C
A3020_DB3037_DC3009_DD3011_DE3017_DIMD3008_D
A3020_EB3037_EC3009_ED3011_EE3017_EIMD3008_E
A3020_FB3037_FC3009_FD3011_FE3017_FIMD3008_F
A3020_GB3037_GC3009_GD3011_GE3017_GIMD3008_G
A3020_HB3037_HC3009_HD3011_HE3017_HIMD3008_H
A3020_IB3037_IC3009_ID3011_IE3017_IIMD3008_I
I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is PARTY A.I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is PARTY A.I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is [PARTY A].I'd like to know what you think about each of our political parties. After I read the name of a political party, please rate it on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that party and 10 means that you strongly like that party. If I come to a party you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first party is [PARTY A].Likeability rating of Parties A-I on a 0-10 scale.Likeability rating of Parties A-I on a 0-10 scale.
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER A
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER B
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER C
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER D
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER E
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER F
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER G
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER H
LIKE-DISLIKE - LEADER I
A3021_AC3010_AD3012__AE3018_AIMD3009_A
A3021_BC3010_BD3012__BE3018_BIMD3009_B
A3021_CC3010_CD3012__CE3018_CIMD3009_C
A3021_DC3010_DD3012__DE3018_DIMD3009_D
A3021_EC3010_ED3012__EE3018_EIMD3009_E
A3021_FC3010_FD3012__FE3018_FIMD3009_F
A3021_GC3010_GD3012__GE3018_GIMD3009_G
A3021_HC3010_HD3012__HE3018_HIMD3009_H
A3021_IC3010_ID3012__IE3018_IIMD3009_I
And now, using the same scale, I'd like to ask you how much you like or dislike some political leaders. Again, if I come to a leader you haven't heard of or you do not know enough about them, just say so. The first political leader is LEADER A.And what do you think of the presidential candidates/party leaders? After I read the name of a presidential candidate/party leader, please rate them on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that candidate and 10 means that you strongly like that candidate. If I come to a presidential candidate/party leader you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first is [LEADER A].And what do you think of the presidential candidates/party leaders? After I read the name of a presidential candidate/party leader, please rate them on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means you strongly dislike that candidate and 10 means that you strongly like that candidate. If I come to a presidential candidate/party leader you haven't heard of or you feel you do not know enough about, just say so. The first is [LEADER A].Likeability rating of Leaders A-I on a 0-10 scale.Likeability rating of Leaders A-I on a 0-10 scale.
Ideology: Left-Right and/or Optional Scale
LEFT-RIGHT - SELF
A3031B3045C3013D3014E3020IMD3006
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Respondents' self-placement on a 0-10 left-right scale.Respondents' self-placement on a 0-10 left-right scale.
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY A
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY B
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY C
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY D
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY E
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY F
LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - PARTY G
LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - PARTY H
LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - PARTY I
A3032_AB3038_AC3011_AD3013_AE3019_AIMD3007_A
A3032_BB3038_BC3011_BD3013_BE3019_BIMD3007_B
A3032_CB3038_CC3011_CD3013_CE3019_CIMD3007_C
A3032_DB3038_DC3011_DD3013_DE3019_DIMD3007_D
A3032_EB3038_EC3011_ED3013_EE3019_EIMD3007_E
A3032_FB3038_FC3011_FD3013_FE3019_FIMD3007_F
A3032_GB3038_GC3011_GD3013_GE3019_GIMD3007_G
A3032_HB3038_HC3011_HD3013_HE3019_HIMD3007_H
A3032_IB3038_IC3011_ID3013_IE3019_IIMD3007_I
Now, using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY A-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place Party A on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place, [PARTY B-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY B-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY B-F]?In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place [PARTY B-F]?Placement of Parties A-I on a 0-10 left-right scale.
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER A
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER B
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER C
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER D
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER E
LEFT-RIGHT - LEADER F
LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - LEADER G
LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - LEADER H
LEFT-RIGHT - ADDITIONAL - LEADER I
B3039_AC3012_A
B3039_BC3012_B
B3039_CC3012_C
B3039_DC3012_D
B3039_EC3012_E
B3039_FC3012_F
B3039_GC3012_G
B3039_HC3012_H
B3039_IC3012_I
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place LEADER A on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? Using the same scale, where would you place, [LEADER B-F]?And again, using the same scale where would you place [LEADER A]? Where would you place [LEADER B]?
OPTIONAL SCALE - SELF
A3033B3046C3016D3016E3022
Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?Where would you place yourself on this scale?
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY A/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY A
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY B/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY B
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY C/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY C
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY D/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY D
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY E/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY E
OPTIONAL SCALE - PARTY F/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY F
OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY G/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY G (OPTIONAL)
OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY H/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY H (OPTIONAL)
OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - PARTY I/OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE SCALE - PARTY I (OPTIONAL)
A3034_AB3040_AC3014_AD3015_AE3021_A
A3034_BB3040_BC3014_BD3015_BE3021_B
A3034_CB3040_CC3014_CD3015_CE3021_C
A3034_DB3040_DC3014_DD3015_DE3021_D
A3034_EB3040_EC3014_ED3015_EE3021_E
A3034_FB3040_FC3014_FD3015_FE3021_F
B3040_GC3014_GD3015_GE3021_G
B3040_HC3014_HD3015_HE3021_H
B3040_IC3014_ID3015_IE3021_I
Where would you place [PARTY A-F] on this scale?Where would you place [PARTY A-F] on this scale?In politics people sometimes talk of [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and 10 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]?In politics people sometimes talk of [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and 10 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]?In politics people sometimes talk of [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]. Where would you place [PARTY A] on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 0] and 10 means [SCALE VALUE AT POINT 10]?
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER A
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER B
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER C
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER D
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER E
OPTIONAL SCALE - LEADER F
OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER G
OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER H
OPTIONAL SCALE - ADDITIONAL - LEADER I
A3035_AB3041_AC3015_A
A3035_BB3041_BC3015_B
A3035_CB3041_CC3015_C
A3035_DB3041_DC3015_D
A3035_EB3041_EC3015_E
A3035_FB3041_FC3015_F
B3041_GC3015_G
B3041_HC3015_H
B3041_IC3015_I
Where would you place [LEADER A-F] on this scale?Where would you place [LEADER A-F] on this scale?And again, using the same scale where would you place [LEADER A]?
Political Information
DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FIRST
DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - SECOND
DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - THIRD
DICHOTOMIZED POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FOURTH
A2023B3047_1C3036_1D3025_1_AIMD3015_1
A2024B3047_2C3036_2D3025_2_AIMD3015_2
A2025B3047_3C3036_3D3025_3_AIMD3015_3
D3025_4_AIMD3015_4
Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]Political information items. [correct/incorrect]
ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FIRST
ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - SECOND
ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - THIRD
ORIGINAL POLITICAL INFORMATION ITEM - FOURTH
D3025_1_B
D3025_2_B
D3025_3_B
D3025_4_B
Political information items. [original answers]
POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE SCALE - CSES MODULE 1 (0-3 SCALE)
POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE SCALE - CSES MODULE 2 (0-3 SCALE)
POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE SCALE - CSES MODULE 3 (0-3 SCALE)
POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE SCALE - CSES MODULE 4 (0-4 SCALE)
IMD3015_A
IMD3015_B
IMD3015_C
IMD3015_D
Number of correct answers respondents provided to all political information items included in the Standalone CSES Modules.
Additional Core Questions
SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRATIC PROCESS / SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRACY
A3001B3012C3019D3017E3023IMD3010
On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [country]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [country]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [COUNTRY]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [COUNTRY]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [COUNTRY]?On the whole, are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied with the way democracy works in [COUNTRY]?
WHO IS IN POWER CAN MAKE DIFFERENCE
A3028B3013C3004D3009E3016_1IMD3011
Some people say it makes a difference who is in power. Others say that it doesn't make a difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it makes a difference who is in power and FIVE means that it doesn't make a difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say it makes a difference who is in power. Others say that it doesn't make a difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it makes a difference who is in power and FIVE means that it doesn't make a difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it doesn't make any difference who is in power and FIVE means that it makes a big difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it doesn't make any difference who is in power and FIVE means that it makes a big difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it doesn't make any difference who is in power and FIVE means that it makes a big difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that it doesn't make any difference who is in power and FIVE means that it makes a big difference who is in power), where would you place yourself?
WHO PEOPLE VOTE FOR MAKES A DIFFERENCE
A3029B3014C3005D3010E3016_2IMD3012
Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make a difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make a difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make any difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make any difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make any difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself?Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that voting won't make any difference to what happens and FIVE means that voting can make a big difference), where would you place yourself?
Additional Module-Specific Questions
POLITICAL PARTIES CARE WHAT PEOPLE THINK
A3013
Some people say that political parties in [country] care what ordinary people think. Others say that political parties in [country] don't care what ordinary people think. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that political parties care about what ordinary people think, and FIVE means that they don't care what ordinary people think), where would you place yourself?
POLITICAL PARTIES ARE NECESSARY
A3014
Some people say that political parties are necessary to make our political system work in [country]. Others think that political parties are not needed in [country]. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that political parties are necessary to make our political system work, and FIVE means that political parties are not needed in [country]), where would you place yourself?
RECALL CANDIDATES FROM LAST ELECTION
A3015
Do you happen to remember the name of any candidates who [ran/stood] in your [lower house primary electoral district, e.g., constituency, district, riding] in the last [parliamentary/ congressional] election?
CANDIDATE MENTIONED FIRST - NAME
CANDIDATE MENTIONED SECOND - NAME
CANDIDATE MENTIONED THIRD - NAME
A3016_1
A3016_2
A3016_3
(If name not volunteered) What were their names?
CANDIDATE MENTIONED FIRST - GENDER
CANDIDATE MENTIONED SECOND - GENDER
CANDIDATE MENTIONED THIRD - GENDER
A3017_1
A3017_2
A3017_3
Gender of [first/second/third] candidate mentioned.
CANDIDATE MENTIONED FIRST - PARTY
CANDIDATE MENTIONED SECOND - PARTY
CANDIDATE MENTIONED THIRD - PARTY
A3018_1
A3018_2
A3018_3
Political party of [first/second/third] candidate mentioned.
NUMBER OF CANDIDATES CORRECTLY NAMED
A3019
This variable tallies the number of district level candidates the respondents correctly identified in A3016-A3018.
ECONOMY IMPROVED LAST 12 MONTHS
A3022
What do you think about the state of the economy these days in [country]? Would you say that the state of the economy is very good, good, neither good nor bad, bad, or very bad?
ECONOMY CHANGE/STATE OF ECONOMY
A3023D3003_1E3011IMD3013_1
Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in [country] has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in [COUNTRY] has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in [COUNTRY] has gotten much better, gotten somewhat better, stayed about the same, gotten somewhat worse, or gotten much worse?Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in [COUNTRY] has gotten better, stayed about the same, or gotten worse?
ECONOMY HOW MUCH BETTER/STATE OF ECONOMY - BETTER
A3024D3003_2IMD3013_2
Would you say much better or somewhat better?Would you say much better or somewhat better?Would you say much better or somewhat better?
ECONOMY HOW MUCH WORSE/STATE OF ECONOMY - WORSE
A3025D3003_3IMD3013_3
Would you say much worse or somewhat worse?Would you say much worse or somewhat worse?Would you say much worse or somewhat worse?
POLITICIANS KNOW WHAT PEOPLE THINK
A3026
Some people say that members of [Congress/Parliament] know what ordinary people think. Others say that members of [Congress/Parliament] don't know much about what ordinary people think. Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that the members of [Congress/Parliament] know what ordinary people think, and FIVE means that the members of [Congress/Parliament] don't know much about what ordinary people think), where would you place yourself?
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: CONTACT POLITICIAN OR OFFICIAL
A3027B3042_1
During the past twelve months, have you had any contact with [a member of Parliament/a member of Congress] in any way?Over the past five years or so, have you done any of the following things to express your views about something the government should or should not be doing? (Have you) contacted a politician or government official either in person, or in writing, or some other way?
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: PROTEST OR DEMONSTRATION
B3042_2
(Have you) taken part in a protest, march or demonstration?
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: WORK WITH OTHERS WHO SHARE CONCERNS
B3042_3
(Have you) worked together with people who shared the same concern?
DO PEOPLE EXPRESS POLITICAL OPINION
A3030
When people are asked to express an opinion, do you believe most people in [country] usually say what they think about politics or do you believe most people usually hide what they really think about politics? Using the scale on this card, (where ONE means that most people in [country] usually say what they think about politics, and FIVE means that most people usually hide what they really think), where would you place yourself?
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: PERSUADE OTHERS
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: CAMPAIGN ACTIVITIES
B3001_1
B3001_2
Here is a list of things some people do during elections. Which if any did you do during the most recent election? ...talked to other people to persuade them to vote for a particular party or candidate? ....showed your support for a particular party or candidate by, for example, attending a meeting, putting up a poster, or in some other way?
HOW OFTEN DID RESPONDENT PERSUADE OTHERS
HOW OFTEN DID RESPONDENT PARTICIPATE IN CAMPAIGN ACTIVITIES
B3002_1
B3002_2
How often did you do this? Would you say frequently? Occasionally? Rarely?
CONTACTED BY CANDIDATE OR PARTY DURING CAMPAIGN/MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT
B3003D3019
During the last campaign did a candidate or anyone from a political party contact you to persuade you to vote for them?During the campaign, did a party or candidate contact you in person or by any other means?
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - IN PERSON
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY MAIL
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY PHONE
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY TEXT MESSAGE
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - BY EMAIL
MOBILIZATION: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT - SOCIAL NETWORK OR WEB
D3020_1
D3020_2
D3020_3
D3020_4
D3020_5
D3020_6
Did they contact you in person, face-to-face?
Did they contact you by mail?
Did they contact you by phone?
Did they contact you by text message or SMS?
Did they contact you by email?
Did they contact you through a social network site or other Web-based method?
MOBILIZATION: INST. CONTACT - WHO
D3021_1
D3021_2
D3021_3
D3021_4
D3021_5
D3021_6
D3021_7
D3021_8
D3021_9
D3021_10
Which [party or parties/candidate or candidates] contacted you by any of these means?
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT
D3022
During the campaign, did a friend, family member, neighbor,work colleague or other acquaintance try to persuade you to vote for a particular party or candidate?
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - IN PERSON
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - BY MAIL
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - BY PHONE
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - BY TEXT MESSAGE
MOBILIZATION: PERSONAL CONTACT - SOCIAL NETWORK OR WEB
D3023_1
D3023_2
D3023_3
D3023_4
D3023_5
D3023_6
Did they try to persuade you in person, face-to-face?
Did they try to persuade you by mail?
Did they try to persuade you by phone?
Did they try to persuade you by text message or SMS?
Did they try to persuade you by email?
Did they try to persuade you through a social network site or other Web-based method?
MOBILIZATION: SIGN UP FOR ONLINE INFORMATION OR ALERTS
D3024
Prior to or during the campaign, did you use the Internet or your mobile phone to sign up for information or alerts from a party or candidate?
MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - EGOCENTRIC - FIRST MENTION
MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - EGOCENTRIC - SECOND MENTION
C3001_1
C3001_2
What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election?
What has been the second most important issue to you personally in this election?
MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE / MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - SOCIOTROPIC - FIRST MENTION
MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM - SOCIOTROPIC - SECOND MENTION
B3009C3002_1
C3002_2
What do you think has been the most important issue facing [country] over the last [number of years that the last government was in office] years?What do you think is the most important political problem facing [COUNTRY] today?
What do you think is the second most important political problem facing [COUNTRY] today?
GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE: MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE
B3010
And thinking about that issue, how good or bad a job do you think the government/president in [capital] has done over the past [number of years between the previous and the present election OR change in govt.] years. Has it/he/she done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?
PARTY/CANDIDATE COMPETENCE - FIRST SOCIOTROPIC PROBLEM
PARTY/CANDIDATE COMPETENCE - SECOND SOCIOTROPIC PROBLEM
C3003_1
C3003_2
Thinking of the most important political problem facing [COUNTRY]: which [party/presidential candidate] do you think is best in dealing with it?
And the second most important political problem facing [COUNTRY]: which [party/presidential candidate] do you think is best in dealing with it?
GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE: GENERAL
B3011C3006E3009IMD3014
Now thinking about the performance of the government in [capital]/president in general, how good or bad a job do you think the government/president in [capital] has done over the past [number of years between the previous and the present election OR change in govt.] years. Has it/he/she done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?Now thinking about the performance of the [government in [CAPITAL]/president] in general, how good or bad a job do you think the [government/president in [CAPITAL]] has done over the past [NUMBER OF YEARS SINCE LAST GOVERNMENT TOOK OFFICE, BEFORE THE CURRENT ELECTION] years? Has [it/he/she] done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?Now thinking about the performance of the [government in [CAPITAL]/president] in general, how good or bad a job do you think the [government/president in [CAPITAL]] has done over the past [NUMBER OF YEARS SINCE LAST GOVERNMENT TOOK OFFICE, BEFORE THE CURRENT ELECTION] years? Has [it/he/she] done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?Now thinking about the performance of the [government in [CAPITAL]/president] in general, how good or bad a job do you think the [government/president in [CAPITAL]] has done over the past [NUMBER OF YEARS SINCE LAST GOVERNMENT TOOK OFFICE, BEFORE THE CURRENT ELECTION] years? Has [it/he/she] done a very good job? A good job? A bad job? A very bad job?
DEMOCRACY BETTER THAN ANY OTHER FORM OF GOVERNMENT
B3015
Please tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statement: "Democracy may have problems but it's better than any other form of government." (Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with this statement?)
HOW WELL VOTERS' VIEWS ARE REPRESENTED IN ELECTIONS
B3022
Thinking about how elections in [country] work in practice, how well do elections ensure that the views of voters are represented by Majority Parties: very well, quite well, not very well, or not well at all?
IS THERE A PARTY THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS
B3023C3007_1E3010_1
Would you say that any of the parties in [country] represents your views reasonably well?Would you say that any of the parties in [COUNTRY] represent your views reasonably well?Would you say that any of the parties in [COUNTRY] represent your views reasonably well?
PARTY THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS BEST
B3024C3007_2E3010_2
Which party represents your views best?Which party represents your views best?Which party represents your views best?
IS THERE A LEADER THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS
B3025C3008_1
Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say that any of the individual party leaders/presidential candidates at the last election represents your views reasonably well?Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say that any of the [individual party leaders/presidential candidates] at the last election represents your views reasonably well?
IS THERE A LEADER THAT REPRESENTS R'S VIEWS
B3026C3008_2
Which party leader/presidential candidate represents your views best?Which [party leader/presidential candidate] represents your views best?
RESPECT FOR INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM AND HUMAN RIGHTS
\
B3043
How much respect is there for individual freedom and human rights nowadays in (country)? Do you feel there is a lot of respect for individual freedom, some respect, not much respect, or no respect at all?
HOW WIDESPREAD IS CORRUPTION
B3044E3007
How widespread do you think corruption such as bribe taking is amongst politicians in [country]: very widespread, quite widespread, not very widespread, it hardly happens at all?How widespread do you think corruption such as bribe taking is among politicians in [COUNTRY]: very widespread, quite widespread, not very widespread, or it hardly happens at all?
DIFFERENCES OF CHOICE OPTIONS
C3017
During the election campaign, would you say that there were major differences between the [parties/candidates], minor differences, or no differences at all?
CAMPAIGN INVOLVEMENT
C3018
How closely did you follow the election campaign? Very closely, fairly closely, not very closely, or not closely at all?
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: HEALTH
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: EDUCATION
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: DEFENSE
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: OLD-AGE PENSIONS
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: POLICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: WELFARE BENEFITS
D3001_1
D3001_2
D3001_3
D3001_4
D3001_5
D3001_6
D3001_7
D3001_8
For the next questions, please say whether there should be more or less public expenditure in each of the following areas. Remember
if you say "more" it could require a tax increase, and if you say "less" it could require a reduction in those services.
Thinking about public expenditure on [HEALTH / EDUCATION / UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS / DEFENSE / OLD-AGE PENSIONS / BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY / POLICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT / WELFARE BENEFITS]
should there be much more than now, somewhat more than now, the same as now, somewhat less than now, or much less than now?
IMPROVING STANDARD OF LIVING
D3002
Over the next ten years or so, how likely or unlikely is it that you will improve your standard of living? Very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?
GOVERNMENT ACTION - DIFFERENCES IN INCOME LEVELS
D3004E3008
Please say to what extent you agree or disagree with the following statement: "The government should take measures to reduce differences in income levels."Please say to what extent you agree or disagree with the following statement: "The government should take measures to reduce differences in income levels."
GOVERNMENT ACTION - ATTITUDES TOWARDS REDISTRIBUTION
E3008_PT
Some people think that the government should cut taxes even if it means spending less on social sevices such as health and education. Other people feel that the government should spend more on social services such as health and education even if it means raising taxes. Where would you place yourself on this scale where 0 is "Governments should decrease taxes and spend less on services" and 10 is "Governments should increase taxes and spend more on services"?
HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS
D3026
How likely or unlikely do you think it is that your household's income could be severely reduced IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS? Very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?/td>
OWNERSHIP: RESIDENCE
OWNERSHIP: BUSINESS OR PROPERTY OR FARM OR LIVESTOCK
OWNERSHIP: STOCKS OR BONDS
OWNERSHIP: SAVINGS
D3027_1
D3027_2
D3027_3
D3027_4
Do you or a member of your household own own a residence - for example, a home or an apartment?
Do you or a member of your household own a business, a piece of property, a farm, or livestock?
Do you or a member of your household own stocks or bonds?
Do you or a member of your household have any savings?
FIND ANOTHER JOB - RESPONDENT
D3028_1
If you lost your job, how easy or difficult would it be to find another job IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS? Very easy, somewhat easy, somewhat difficult, or very difficult?
FIND ANOTHER JOB - SPOUSE/PARTNER
D3028_2
If your spouse/partner lost their job, how easy or difficult would it be for them to find another job IN THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS? Very easy, somewhat easy, somewhat difficult, or very difficult?
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: COMPROMISE IS SELLING ONE'S PRINCIPLES
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: IMPROTANT TO SEE COMPROMISE
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: DO NOT CARE ABOUT THE PEOPLE
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: ARE TRUSTWORTHY
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: ARE THE MAIN PROBLEM
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: STRONG LEADER BENDS THE RULES
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: PEOPLE SHOULD MAKE POLICY DECISIONS
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: RICH AND POWERFUL
ATTITUDES ABOUT ELITES: POOR PEOPLE SHOULD HAVE GREATER VOICE
E3004_1
E3004_1_PT
E3004_2
E3004_3
E3004_4
E3004_5
E3004_6
E3004_7
E3004_8_PT
Do you strongly agree, somewhat agree, neither agree nor disagree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statement?
OUT-GROUP ATTITUDES: MINORITIES - CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
OUT-GROUP ATTITUDES: MINORITIES - WILL OF THE MAJORITY
OUT-GROUP ATTITUDES: IMMIGRANTS GOOD FOR ECONOMY
OUT-GROUP ATTITUDES: CULTURE HARMED BY IMMIGRANTS
OUT-GROUP ATTITUDES: IMMIGRANTS INCREASE CRIME
E3005_1
E3005_2
E3005_3
E3005_4
E3005_5
Do you strongly agree, somewhat agree, neither agree nor disagree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statement?
NATIONAL IDENTITY: TO HAVE BEEN BORN IN COUNTRY
NATIONAL IDENTITY: ANCESTRY
NATIONAL IDENTITY: TO BE ABLE TO SPEAK COUNTRY LANGUAGES
NATIONAL IDENTITY: TO FOLLOW CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS COUNTRY
NATIONAL IDENTITY: TO HAVE LIVED IN COUNTRY FOR MOST OF LIFE
NATIONAL IDENTITY: TO BE COUNTRY DOMINANT RELIGION
NATIONAL IDENTITY: TO RESPECT POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND LAWS
E3006_1
E3006_2
E3006_3
E3006_4
E3006_5_PT
E3006_6_PT
E3006_7_PT
E3006_8_PT
Now changing the topic. Some people say that the following things are important for being truly [NATIONALITY]. Others say they are not important. How important do you think the following is for being truly [NATIONALITY]... very important, fairly important, not very important, or not important at all?
POLITICAL INTEREST
E3001
How interested would you say you are in politics? Are you very interested, somewhat interested, not very interested, or not at all interested?
POLITICS IN THE MEDIA
E3002
And how closely do you follow politics on TV, radio, newspapers, or the Internet? Very closely, fairly closely, not very closely, or not at all?
INTERNAL POLITICAL EFFICACY
E3003
Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, neither agree nor disagree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of the following statements: You feel you understand the most important political issues of this country.

District-Level Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 21
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
CSES Module 5
(2016-2021)
CSES IMD
(1996-2016)
(2001-2006)(2006-2011)(2011-2016)(2016-2021)
NUMBER OF SEATS IN DISTRICT
A4001B4001C4001D4001E4001
This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature.
NUMBER OF SEATS IN DISTRICT - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
D4001_NE4001_N
This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature. This variable is used instead of D4001 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.This variable reports the number of seats contested in each district of the first segment of the lower house of the legislature. This variable is used instead of E4001 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.
NUMBER OF CANDIDATES IN DISTRICT
A4002B4002C4002D4002E4002
This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly, and for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e. indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly, and for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e. indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly as well as for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e., where a voter can indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. These data are reported for systems in which electors vote for candidates directly as well as for systems in which electors may cast a preference ballot (i.e., where a voter can indicate a candidate from a party list, in addition to casting a ballot for a party list).This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district.
NUMBER OF CANDIDATES IN DISTRICT - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
D4002_NE4002_N
This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. This variable is used instead of D4002 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.This variable reports the number of candidates who contested seats in each district. This variable is used instead of E4002 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.
NUMBER OF PARTY LISTS IN DISTRICT
A4003B4003C4003D4003E4003
This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and thereby contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and thereby contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district. These data are reported for those systems in which electors cast ballots for party lists.This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district.
NUMBER OF PARTY LISTS IN DISTRICT -NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
D4003_NE4003_N
This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district. This variable is used instead of D4003 for countries nationwide electoral district.operating only one This variable reports the number of parties that presented lists and, thereby, contested seats in the district. This variable is used instead of E4003 for countries nationwide electoral district.operating only one
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY A
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY B
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY C
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY D
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY E
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY F
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY G
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY H
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY I
A4004_AB4004_AC4004_AD4004_AE4004_A
A4004_BB4004_BC4004_BD4004_BE4004_B
A4004_CB4004_CC4004_CD4004_CE4004_C
A4004_DB4004_DC4004_DD4004_DE4004_D
A4004_EB4004_EC4004_ED4004_EE4004_E
A4004_FB4004_FC4004_FD4004_FE4004_F
C4004_GD4004_GE4004_G
C4004_HD4004_HE4004_H
C4004_ID4004_IE4004_I
This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of [PARTY A-F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round.
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY A - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY B - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY C - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY D - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY E - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY F - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY G - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY H - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
PERCENT VOTE IN DISTRICT - PARTY I - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
D4004_A_NE4004_A_N
D4004_B_NE4004_B_N
D4004_C_NE4004_C_N
D4004_D_NE4004_D_N
D4004_E_NE4004_E_N
D4004_F_NE4004_F_N
D4004_G_NE4004_G_N
D4004_H_NE4004_H_N
D4004_I_NE4004_I_N
This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round. These variables are used instead of D4004_A-D4004_I for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.This variable reports the proportion of votes cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in this district. In majoritarian systems, in which more than one round of elections are held, this variable reports the proportion of the popular vote cast in favor of party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in the FIRST round. These variables are used instead of E4004_A-E4004_I for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.
TURNOUT IN DISTRICT
A4005B4005C4005D4005E4006
This variable reports the proportion of valid votes cast relative to the number of voters.This variable reports the proportion of valid votes cast relative to the number of voters.This variable reports official voter turnout in each district.This variable reports official voter turnout in each district.This variable reports official voter turnout in each district.
TURNOUT IN DISTRICT - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
D4005_NE4006_N
This variable reports official voter turnout in each district. This variable is used instead of D4005 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.This variable reports official voter turnout in each district. This variable is used instead of E4006 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY A
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY B
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY C
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY D
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY E
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY F
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY G
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY H
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY I
E4005_A
E4005_B
E4005_C
E4005_D
E4005_E
E4005_F
E4005_G
E4005_H
E4005_I
This variable reports the number of seats gained by party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in each district.
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY A - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY B - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY C - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY D - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY E - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY F - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY G - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY H - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
SEATS IN DISTRICT - PARTY I - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
E4005_A_N
E4005_B_N
E4005_C_N
E4005_D_N
E4005_E_N
E4005_F_N
E4005_G_N
E4005_H_N
E4005_I_N
This variable reports the number of seats gained by party [A/B/C/D/E/F] in each district. These variables are used instead of E4005_ for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.
SIZE OF ELECTORATE IN DISTRICT
E4007
This variable reports the size of the electorate in each district.
SIZE OF ELECTORATE IN DISTRICT - NATIONWIDE ELECTORAL DISTRICT
E4007_N
This variable reports the size of the electorate in each district. This variable is used instead of E4007 for countries operating only one nationwide electoral district.

Macro-Level Variables

CSES Module 1
(1996-2001)
CSES Module 2
(2001-2006)
CSES Module 3
(2006-2011)
CSES Module 4
(2011-2016)
CSES Module 5
(2016-2021)
CSES IMD
(1996-2016)
(2001-2006)(2006-2011)(2011-2016)(2016-2021)
NUMBER OF PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN ELECTION
C5015D5015E5077
How many political parties received votes in the election?How many political parties received votes in the election?How many political parties received votes in the election?
EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF ELECTORAL PARTIES
C5093D5102E5078IMD5058_1
Effective number of electoral parties (ENEP).Effective number of electoral parties (ENEP).Effective number of electoral parties (ENEP).Effective number of electoral parties (ENEP).
CORRECTED EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF ELECTORAL PARTIES
C5094D5103E5079IMD5058_2
Corrected effective number of electoral parties (CENEP).Corrected effective number of electoral parties (CENEP).Corrected effective number of electoral parties (CENEP).Corrected effective number of electoral parties (CENEP).
EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES
C5095D5104E5080IMD5059_1
Effective number of parliamentary parties (ENPP).Effective number of parliamentary parties (ENPP).Effective number of parliamentary parties (ENPP).Effective number of parliamentary parties (ENPP).
CORRECTED EFFECTIVE NUMBER OF PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES
C5096D5105E5081IMD5059_2
Corrected Effective number of parliamentary parties (CENPP).Corrected Effective number of parliamentary parties (CENPP).Corrected Effective number of parliamentary parties (CENPP).Corrected Effective number of parliamentary parties (CENPP).
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY A
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY B
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY C
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY D
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY E
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY F
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY G
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY H
YEAR FOUNDED - PARTY I
A5001_AB5011_A
A5001_BB5011_B
A5001_CB5011_C
A5001_DB5011_D
A5001_EB5011_E
A5001_FB5011_F
A5001_GB5011_G
A5001_HB5011_H
A5001_IB5011_I
Year party foundedYear party founded
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY A
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY B
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY C
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY D
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY E
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY F
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY G
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY H
IDEOLOGICAL FAMILY - PARTY I
A5002_AB5012_AC5016_AD5016_AE5017_AIMD5011_A
A5002_BB5012_BC5016_BD5016_BE5017_BIMD5011_B
A5002_CB5012_CC5016_CD5016_CE5017_CIMD5011_C
A5002_DB5012_DC5016_DD5016_DE5017_DIMD5011_D
A5002_EB5012_EC5016_ED5016_EE5017_EIMD5011_E
A5002_FB5012_FC5016_FD5016_FE5017_FIMD5011_F
B5012_GC5016_GD5016_GE5017_GIMD5011_G
B5012_HC5016_HD5016_HE5017_HIMD5011_H
B5012_IC5016_ID5016_IE5017_IIMD5011_I
Ideological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is Closest toIdeological Family Party is closest toIdeological Family Party is closest to
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY A
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY B
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY C
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY D
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY E
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY F
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY G
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY H
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT POLITICAL GROUP - PARTY I
B5013_A
B5013_B
B5013_C
B5013_D
B5013_E
B5013_F
B5013_G
B5013_H
B5013_I
European Parliament Party Political Group party belongs to:
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY A
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY B
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY C
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY D
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY E
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY F
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY G
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY H
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION - PARTY I
A5003_AB5014_A
A5003_BB5014_B
A5003_CB5014_C
A5003_DB5014_D
A5003_EB5014_E
A5003_FB5014_F
B5014_Gbr>
B5014_H
B5014_I
International Organization Party Belongs toInternational Organization Party Belongs to
SIGNIFICANT PARTIES NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT BEFORE THE ELECTION
B5015
Significant parties not represented in parliament before the election (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).
SIGNIFICANT PARTIES NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT AFTER THE ELECTION
B5016
Significant parties not represented in parliament after the election (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).
OTHER NON-REPRESENTED SIGNIFICANT PARTIES/INDEPENDENT ACTORS
B5017
Other non-represented parties or independent actors who had a significant effect on the election (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY A
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY B
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY C
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY D
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY E
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY F
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY G
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY H
LEFT-RIGHT - PARTY I
A5004_AB5018_AC5017_AD5017_AE5018_AIMD5012_A
A5004_BB5018_BC5017_BD5017_BE5018_BIMD5012_B
A5004_CB5018_CC5017_CD5017_CE5018_CIMD5012_C
A5004_DB5018_DC5017_DD5017_DE5018_DIMD5012_D
A5004_EB5018_EC5017_ED5017_EE5018_EIMD5012_E
A5004_FB5018_FC5017_FD5017_FE5018_FIMD5012_F
B5018_GC5017_GD5017_GE5018_GIMD5012_G
B5018_HC5017_HD5017_HE5018_HIMD5012_H
B5018_IC5017_ID5017_IE5018_IIMD5012_I
Parties' position in left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' position in left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the left-right scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)
CONSENSUS ON THE LEFT-RIGHT PLACEMENTS
B5019
Would there be a general consensus on left-right placements among informed observers in the country (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION
B5020C5018D5018E5019
Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?Were respondents asked to rank political parties on an alternative dimension, other than the left-right dimension?
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY A
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY B
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY C
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY D
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY E
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY F
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY G
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY H
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION - PARTY I
B5020_AC5018_AD5018_AE5019_A
B5020_BC5018_BD5018_BE5019_B
B5020_CC5018_CD5018_CE5019_C
B5020_DC5018_DD5018_DE5019_D
B5020_EC5018_ED5018_EE5019_E
B5020_FC5018_FD5018_FE5019_F
B5020_GC5018_GD5018_GE5019_G
B5020_HC5018_HD5018_HE5019_H
B5020_IC5018_ID5018_IE5019_I
Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)Parties' positions on the alternative scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator)
CONSENSUS ON THE ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION PLACEMENTS
B5021
Would there be a general consensus on that alternative dimension placements among informed observers in the country (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator).
POPULISM BY PARTY
E5020
Did national collaborators rank the political parties in their country on the populism scale?
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY A
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY B
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY C
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY D
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY E
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY F
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY G
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY H
POPULISM SCALE - PARTY I
E5020_A
E5020_B
E5020_C
E5020_D
E5020_E
E5020_F
E5020_G
E5020_H
E5020_I
Parties' positions on the populism scale (in the expert judgment of the CSES Collaborator): Definition: Populism can be defined as a thin-centered ideology that pits a virtuous and homogeneous people against a set of elites and dangerous 'others' who are depicted as depriving "the people" of their rights, values, prosperity, identity, and voice. The emphasis on anti-elite/ anti-establishment rhetoric and the contrast between the "pure people" and the "corrupt elite" are thus indications of the degree to which a party is populist. Populist parties can be found across the left-right ideological spectrum.
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY A
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY B
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY C
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY D
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY E
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY F
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY G
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY H
PERCENT VOTE - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY I
A5005_AB5001_AC5001_AD5001_AE5001_AIMD5001_A
A5005_BB5001_BC5001_BD5001_BE5001_BIMD5001_B
A5005_CB5001_CC5001_CD5001_CE5001_CIMD5001_C
A5005_DB5001_DC5001_DD5001_DE5001_DIMD5001_D
A5005_EB5001_EC5001_ED5001_EE5001_EIMD5001_E
A5005_FB5001_FC5001_FD5001_FE5001_FIMD5001_F
B5001_GC5001_GD5001_GE5001_GIMD5001_G
B5001_HC5001_HD5001_HE5001_HIMD5001_H
B5001_IC5001_ID5001_IE5001_IIMD5001_I
Percent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-F] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) legislative electionæPercent of popular vote received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) legislative election
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY A
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY B
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY C
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY D
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY E
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY F
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY G
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY H
PERCENT SEATS - LOWER HOUSE - PARTY I
A5006_AB5002_AC5002_AD5002_AE5002_AIMD5002_A
A5006_BB5002_BC5002_BD5002_BE5002_BIMD5002_B
A5006_CB5002_CC5002_CD5002_CE5002_CIMD5002_C
A5006_DB5002_DC5002_DD5002_DE5002_DIMD5002_D
A5006_EB5002_EC5002_ED5002_EE5002_EIMD5002_E
A5006_FB5002_FC5002_FD5002_FE5002_FIMD5002_F
B5002_GC5002_GD5002_GE5002_GIMD5002_G
B5002_HC5002_HD5002_HE5002_HIMD5002_H
B5002_IC5002_ID5002_IE5002_IIMD5002_I
Percent of seats in lower house received by [PARTY A-F] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) electionPercent of seats in lower house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (lower house) election
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY A
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY B
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY C
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY D
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY E
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY F
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY G
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY H
PERCENT VOTE - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY I
A5007_AB5003_AC5003_AD5003_AE5003_AIMD5003_A
A5007_BB5003_BC5003_BD5003_BE5003_BIMD5003_B
A5007_CB5003_CC5003_CD5003_CE5003_CIMD5003_C
A5007_DB5003_DC5003_DD5003_DE5003_DIMD5003_D
A5007_EB5003_EC5003_ED5003_EE5003_EIMD5003_E
A5007_FB5003_FC5003_FD5003_FE5003_FIMD5003_F
B5003_GC5003_GD5003_GE5003_GIMD5003_G
B5003_HC5003_HD5003_HE5003_HIMD5003_H
B5003_IC5003_ID5003_IE5003_IIMD5003_I
Percent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-F] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY[A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) legislative electionPercent of popular vote received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) legislative election
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY A
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY B
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY C
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY D
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY E
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY F
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY G
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY H
PERCENT SEATS - UPPER HOUSE - PARTY I
A5008_AB5004_AC5004_AD5004_AE5004_AIMD5004_A
A5008_BB5004_BC5004_BD5004_BE5004_BIMD5004_B
A5008_CB5004_CC5004_CD5004_CE5004_CIMD5004_C
A5008_DB5004_DC5004_DD5004_DE5004_DIMD5004_D
A5008_EB5004_EC5004_ED5004_EE5004_EIMD5004_E
A5008_FB5004_FC5004_FD5004_FE5004_FIMD5004_F
B5004_GC5004_GD5004_GE5004_GIMD5004_G
B5004_HC5004_HD5004_HE5004_HIMD5004_H
B5004_IC5004_ID5004_IE5004_IIMD5004_I
Percent of seats in upper house received by [PARTY A-F] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by [PARTY A-I] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) electionPercent of seats in upper house received by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] in current (upper house) election
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY A
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY B
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY C
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY D
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY E
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY F
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY G
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY H
PERCENT VOTE - PRESIDENT - PARTY I
A5009_AB5005_AC5005_AD5005_AE5005_AIMD5005_A
A5009_BB5005_BC5005_BD5005_BE5005_BIMD5005_B
A5009_CB5005_CC5005_CD5005_CE5005_CIMD5005_C
A5009_DB5005_DC5005_DD5005_DE5005_DIMD5005_D
A5009_EB5005_EC5005_ED5005_EE5005_EIMD5005_E
A5009_FB5005_FC5005_FD5005_FE5005_FIMD5005_F
B5005_GC5005_GD5005_GE5005_GIMD5005_G
B5005_HC5005_HD5005_HE5005_HIMD5005_H
B5005_IC5005_ID5005_IE5005_IIMD5005_I
If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.If multiple rounds, percent of vote received in first round.
ELECTORAL TURNOUT
ELECTORAL TURNOUT - VERSION 2
A5010B5006C5006_1D5006_1E5006_1IMD5006_1
C5006_2D5006_2E5006_2IMD5006_2
Percentage of Voting Age Population who cast ballotsPercentage of Voting Age Population who cast ballotsOfficial voter turnout - Percentage of registered voters.Official voter turnout - Percentage of registered voters.Official voter turnout - Percentage of registered voters (ER).Official voter turnout - Percentage of the registered voters (ER).
Official voter turnout - Percentage of voting age population.Official voter turnout - Percentage of voting age population.Official voter turnout - Percentage of voting age population (VAP).Official voter turnout - Percentage of Voting Age Population (VAP)
ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT: ELECTORAL ADMINISTRATION MODEL
E5007_1
This variable reports which type of body is responsible for the administration of an election in the polity.
ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT: COMPULSORY VOTER REGISTRATION
E5007_2
This variable reports whether voter registration is compulsory.
VOTING OPERATIONS: EARLY/ADVANCE VOTING
E5008_1
Can voters cast a ballot before Election Day(s)? (i.e.: Is early voting possible)?
VOTING OPERATIONS: VOTE BY MAIL/POSTAL
E5008_1
Can voters cast a ballot by mail?
PARTY OF THE PRESIDENT BEFORE
C5007D5007E5009IMD5009_1
Party of the president before the election.Party of the president before the election , regardless of whether the election was presidential.Party of the president before the election, regardless of whether the election was presidential.Party of the president before the election, regardless of whether the election was presidential.
PARTY OF THE PRIME MINISTER BEFORE
C5008D5008E5010IMD5008_1
Party of the Prime Minister before the election.Party of the Prime Minister before the election , regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.Party of the Prime Minister before the election, regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.Party of the Prime Minister before the election, regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY A
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY B
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY C
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY D
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY E
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY F
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY G
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY H
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) BEFORE - PARTY I
B5007_AC5009_AD5009_AE5011_AIMD5029_A
B5007_BC5009_BD5009_BE5011_BIMD5029_B
B5007_CC5009_CD5009_CE5011_CIMD5029_C
B5007_DC5009_DD5009_DE5011_DIMD5029_D
B5007_EC5009_ED5009_EE5011_EIMD5029_E
B5007_FC5009_FD5009_FE5011_FIMD5029_F
B5007_GC5009_GD5009_GE5011_GIMD5029_G
B5007_HC5009_HD5009_HE5011_HIMD5029_H
B5007_IC5009_ID5009_IE5011_IIMD5029_I
Number of portfolios (cabinet posts) held by [PARTY A-I] before the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by [PARTY A-I] before the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] before the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] before the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] before the election.
SIZE OF THE CABINET BEFORE
B5008C5010D5010E5012IMD5028
The size of the cabinet before the election.The size of the cabinet before the election.The size of the cabinet before the election.The size of the cabinet before the election.The size of the cabinet before the election.
PARTY OF THE PRESIDENT AFTER
C5011D5011E5013IMD5009_2
Party of the president after the election.Party of the president AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was presidential.Party of the president AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was presidential.Party of the president AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was presidential.
PARTY OF THE PRIME MINISTER AFTER
C5012D5012E5014IMD5008_2
Party of the Prime Minister after the election.Party of the Prime Minister AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.Party of the Prime Minister AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.Party of the Prime Minister AFTER the election, regardless of whether the election was parliamentary.
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY A
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY B
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY C
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY D
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY E
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY F
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY G
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY H
NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS (GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION) AFTER - PARTY I
B5009_AC5013_AD5013_AE5015_AIMD5031_A
B5009_BC5013_BD5013_BE5015_BIMD5031_B
B5009_CC5013_CD5013_CE5015_CIMD5031_C
B5009_DC5013_DD5013_DE5015_DIMD5031_D
B5009_EC5013_ED5013_EE5015_EIMD5031_E
B5009_FC5013_FD5013_FE5015_FIMD5031_F
B5009_GC5013_GD5013_GE5015_GIMD5031_G
B5009_HC5013_HD5013_HE5015_HIMD5031_H
B5009_IC5013_ID5013_IE5015_IIMD5031_I
Number of portfolios (cabinet posts) held by [PARTY A-I] after the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by [PARTY A-I] after the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] after the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] after the election.Number of cabinet posts (portfolios) held by PARTY [A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I] after the election.
SIZE OF THE CABINET AFTER
B5010C5014D5014E5016IMD5030
The size of the cabinet after the election.The size of the cabinet after the election.The size of the cabinet after the election.The size of the cabinet after the election.The size of the cabinet after the election.
SIZE OF THE LOWER HOUSE
IMD5027
Total number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the election year.
ELECTORAL ALLIANCES PERMITTED IN ELECTION
A5011B5024C5030D5030E5032
Were electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign?Were electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign?There are multiple types of electoral alliances/coalitions, but we are explicitly interested in those involving joint lists or candidates - i.e. those where parties compete as a unit during the election. Is this type of electoral coalition legally allowable?There are multiple types of electoral alliances/coalitions, but we are explicitly interested in those involving joint lists or candidates - i.e. those where parties compete as a unit during the election. Is this type of electoral coalition legally allowable?There are multiple types of electoral alliances/coalitions, but we are explicitly interested in those involving joint lists or candidates - i.e. those where parties compete as a unit during the election. Is this type of electoral coalition legally allowable?
ELECTORAL ALLIANCES IN PRACTICE
C5031D5031E5033
Is this type of electoral coalition used in practice, even if not legally allowable?Is this type of electoral coalition used in practice, even if not legally allowable?Is this type of electoral coalition used in practice, even if not legally allowable?
DID ANY ELECTORAL ALLIANCES FORM?
A5012B5025C5032D5032E5034
Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?Did any electoral alliances form?
MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - FIRST
MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - SECOND
MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - THIRD
MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - FOURTH
MOST SALIENT FACTORS IN ELECTION - FIFTH
A5013_1B5022_1C5019_1D5019_1E5021_1
A5013_2B5022_2C5019_2D5019_2E5021_2
A5013_3B5022_3C5019_3D5019_3E5021_3
A5013_4B5022_4C5019_4D5019_4E5021_4
A5013_5B5022_5C5019_5D5019_5E5021_5
In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g. major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g. major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g., major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g., major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?In your view, what are the five most salient factors that affected the outcome of the election (e.g., major scandals; economic events; the presence of an independent actor; specific issues)?
CONSENSUS ON THE SALIENCE RANKING
B5023
Do you believe there would be general consensus about the importance of these factors among informed observers in the country?
FAIRNESS OF THE ELECTION
C5020D5020E5022
How impartial was the body that administered the election law?How impartial was the body that administered the election law?How impartial was the body that administered the election law?
FORMAL COMPLAINTS AGAINST NATIONAL LEVEL RESULTS
C5021D5021E5023
Was there a formal complaint against the national level results?Was there a formal complaint against the national level results?Was there a formal complaint against the national level results?
ELECTION IRREGULARITIES
C5022D5022E5024
Were there irregularities reported by international election observers?Were there irregularities reported by international election observers?Were there irregularities reported by international election observers?
DATE ELECTION SCHEDULED - MONTH
DATE ELECTION SCHEDULED - DAY
DATE ELECTION SCHEDULED - YEAR
C5023_1D5023_1E5025_1IMD5024_1
C5023_2D5023_2E5025_2IMD5042_2
C5023_3D5023_3E5025_3IMD5024_3
On what date was the election originally scheduled to be held?On what date was the election originally scheduled to be held?On what date was the election originally legally scheduled to be held?On what date was the election originally legally scheduled to be held?
DATE ELECTION HELD - MONTH
DATE ELECTION HELD - DAY
DATE ELECTION HELD - YEAR
C5024_1D5024_1E5026_1IMD5025_1
C5024_2D5024_2E5026_2IMD5025_2
C5024_3D5024_3E5026_3IMD5025_3
On what date was the election actually held?On what date was the election actually held?On what date was the election actually held?On what date was the election actually held?
ELECTION IRREGULARITIES
C5025D5025E5027
If the election was held on a different date than scheduled, please explain why?If the election was held on a different date than scheduled, please explain why?If the election was held on a different date than scheduled, please explain why?
ELECTION VIOLENCE
C5026D5026E5028
To what extent was there violence and voter or candidate intimidation during the election campaign and the election day?To what extent was there violence and voter or candidate intimidation during the election campaign and the election day?To what extent was there violence and voter or candidate intimidation during the election campaign and the election day?
GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION OF VIOLENCE
C5027D5027E5029
If there was violence, was it geographically concentrated or national?If there was violence, was it geographically concentrated or national?If there was violence, was it geographically concentrated or national?
POST-ELECTION VIOLENCE
C5028D5028E5030
To what extent was there violence following the election?To what extent was there violence following the election?To what extent was there violence following the election?
POST-ELECTION PROTEST
C5029D5029E5031
To what extent was there protest following the election?To what extent was there protest following the election?To what extent was there protest following the election?
HEAD OF STATE
A5014B5052
Who is the head of state?Who is the head of state?
HEAD OF STATE - SELECTION
A5015B5053
How is the head of state selected?How is the head of state selected?
HEAD OF STATE - PROCESS IF DIRECT ELECTION
A5016B5054
If by direct election, by what process?If by direct election, by what process?
HEAD OF STATE - FIRST ROUND VICTORY
A5017B5055
If by run-off system, what is the threshold for first-round victory?If by run-off system, what is the threshold for first-round victory?
HEAD OF STATE - ADVANCE TO SECOND ROUND
A5018B5056
If by run-off system, what is the threshold to advance to second round?If by run-off system, what is the threshold to advance to second round?
HEAD OF STATE - SECOND ROUND VICTORY
A5019B5057
If by run-off system, what is the threshold for victory in the second round?If by run-off system, what is the threshold for victory in the second round?
YEAR OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION - FIRST
YEAR OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION - SECOND
A5020_1B5058_1
A5020_2B5058_2
If the presidential election was not held concurrently with the legislative election, the year of the presidential election prior to this legislative election is:If the presidential election was not held concurrently with the legislative election, the year of the presidential election prior to this [after this] legislative election is:
PROCESS IF INDIRECT ELECTION
A5021B5059
If by indirect election, by what process?If by indirect election, by what process?
ELECTORAL COLLEGE - SELECTION OF ELECTORS
B5060
If by electoral college, how are electors chosen?
ELECTORAL COLLEGE - DELIBERATES
B5061
Does the electoral college deliberate?
ELECTORAL COLLEGE - VOTING PROCEDURE
B5062
What is the voting procedure used by the electoral college?
IF BY LEGISLATURE - WHAT CHAMBER(S)
B5063
If by the legislature, by which chamber(s) of the legislature?
IF BY LEGISLATURE - VOTING PROCEDURE
B5064
If by the legislature, what is the voting procedure used?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
A5022B5080
Who is the Head of Government?Who is the Head of Government?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - ELECTED INDEPENDENTLY
B5081
Is the Head of Government elected independently of the legislature?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - IS THE HEAD OF STATE
B5082
Is the Head of Government also the Head of State?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - SELECTION METHOD (IF INDEP. OF LEGISLATURE)
A5023B5083
If the Head of Government is a prime minister, how is the prime minister selected?If the Head of Government is not elected independently of the legislature, how is the Head of Government selected?
NUMBER OF LEGISLATIVE CHAMBERS
D5100E5074IMD5026_1
Number of legislative chambers:Number of legislative chambers:Number of legislative chambers:
NUMBER OF ELECTED LEGISLATIVE CHAMBERS
A5024B5030C5091IMD5026_2
Number of elected legislative chambers:Number of elected legislative chambers:Number of elected legislative chambers:Number of elected legislative chambers:
PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT
E5075
Percentage of women in parliament.
PARTY FUNDING: DIRECT PUBLIC FUNDING
PARTY FUNDING: INDIRECT PUBLIC FUNDING
E5076_1
E5076_2
Do parties receive direct public funding?
Do parties receive indirect public funding?
DIRECT DEMOCRACY: REFERENDUM MANDATORY
DIRECT DEMOCRACY: REFERENDUM OPTIONAL
DIRECT DEMOCRACY: REFERENDUMS BY CITIZEN INITIATIVE
DIRECT DEMOCRACY: REFERENDUM RESULT BINDING OR CONSULTIVE
E5082_1
E5082_2
E5082_3
E5082_4
Are there any Legal Provisions for Mandatory Referendums at the national level?
Are there any Legal Provisions for Option Referendums at the National Level?
Are there any Legal Provisions for Citizen's Initiatives at the National Level?
Are the results of referenda always binding, never binding or sometimes binding?
ELECTORAL SEGMENTS - LOWER HOUSE
ELECTORAL SEGMENTS - UPPER HOUSE
A5025_1B5031_1
A5025_2B5031_2
In some electoral systems, there are electoral districts that are geographically nested but not otherwise related for purposes of seat allocation. In Lithuania, for example, there are 71 single-member districts that operate under a majority runoff system, and also a single nation-wide district that operates under proportional representation (the largest remainders method with the Hare quota). Neither votes nor seats from the single-member districts transfer to the nationwide district, however. The two processes are entirely independent (with voters having one vote in each district). In this case, the nationwide district, although it contains the 71 single-member districts, is not considered to be secondary. It is primary. One might say that there are two segments to the electoral system in such cases. How many segments (as just defined) are there in the electoral system?In some electoral systems, there are electoral districts that are geographically nested but not otherwise related for purposes of seat allocation. In Lithuania, for example, there are 71 single-member districts that operate under a majority runoff system, and also a single nation-wide district that operates under proportional representation (the largest remainders method with the Hare quota). Neither votes nor seats from the single-member districts transfer to the nationwide district, however. The two processes are entirely independent (with voters having one vote in each district). In this case, the nationwide district, although it contains the 71 single-member districts, is not considered to be secondary. It is primary. One might say that there are two segments to the electoral system in such cases. How many segments (as just defined) are there in the electoral system?
NUMBER OF ELECTORAL SEGMENTS (TIERS)
C5059D5059E5056
This variable indicates the number of electoral segments (tiers) in each country.This variable indicates the number of electoral segments (tiers) in each country.This variable indicates the number of electoral segments (tiers) in each country.
LINKED ELECTORAL SEGMENTS (TIERS)
C5060D5060E5057
This variable indicates whether countries with multiple segments (tiers) have linked (connected) or unlinked (unconnected) segments (tiers). Linkage occurs whenever (i) unused votes from one electoral segment (tier) are used at another level or (ii) the allocation of seats in one segment (tier) is conditional on the seats received in another segment (tier).This variable indicates whether countries with multiple segments (tiers) have linked (connected) or unlinked (unconnected) segments (tiers). Linkage occurs whenever (i) unused votes from one electoral segment (tier) are used at another level or (ii) the allocation of seats in one segment (tier) is conditional on the seats received in another segment (tier).This variable indicates whether countries with multiple segments (tiers) have linked (connected) or unlinked (unconnected) segments (tiers). Linkage occurs whenever (i) unused votes from one electoral segment (tier) are used at another level or (ii) the allocation of seats in one segment (tier) is conditional on the seats received in another segment (tier).
DEPENDENT FORMULAE IN MIXED SYSTEMS
C5061D5061E5058
This indicates whether the two electoral formulas used in a mixed system are dependent or independent. A dependent mixed system is one in which the application of one formula is dependent on the outcome produced by the other formula. An independent mixed system is one in which the two electoral formulas are implemented independently of each other.This indicates whether the two electoral formulas used in a mixed system are dependent or independent. A dependent mixed system is one in which the application of one formula is dependent on the outcome produced by the other formula. An independent mixed system is one in which the two electoral formulas are implemented independently of each other.This indicates whether the two electoral formulas used in a mixed system are dependent or independent. A dependent mixed system is one in which the application of one formula is dependent on the outcome produced by the other formula. An independent mixed system
is one in which the two electoral formulas are implemented independently of each other.
SUBTYPES OF MIXED ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
C5062D5062E5059
Sub-types of mixed electoral systems.Sub-types of mixed electoral systems.Sub-types of mixed electoral systems.
PRIMARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT
PRIMARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT
PRIMARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT
PRIMARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT
A5026_1B5032_1
A5026_2B5032_2
A5026_3B5033_3
A5026_4B5034_4
How many primary electoral districts are there?How many primary electoral districts are there?
NUMBER OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS - LOWEST TIER - LOWER HOUSE
NUMBER OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS - SECOND TIER - LOWER HOUSE
NUMBER OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS - THIRD TIER - LOWER HOUSE
C5063D5063E5060
C5066D5066E5063
C5069D5069E5066
Number of electoral districts or constituencies in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) for the lower house of the legislature.Number of electoral districts or constituencies in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) for the lower house of the legislature.Number of electoral districts or constituencies in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) for the lower house of the legislature.
NUMBER OF SEATS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT
NUMBER OF SEATS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT
NUMBER OF SEATS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT
NUMBER OF SEATS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT
A5027_1B5033_1
A5027_2B5033_2
A5027_3B5033_3
A5027_4B5033_4
Total number of seats elected in the [first/second] segment of the [lower/upper] house:Total number of seats elected in the [first/second] segment of the [lower/upper] house:
NUMBER OF SEATS ABOVE THE FIRST SEGMENT (TIER) - LOWER HOUSE
C5072D5072E5069
The number of seats allocated in electoral districts or constituencies above the first or lowest segment (tier). This variable may include seats allocated in several different upper segments (tiers).The number of seats allocated in electoral districts or constituencies above the first or lowest segment (tier). This variable may include seats allocated in several different upper segments (tiers).The number of seats allocated in electoral districts or constituencies above the first or lowest segment (tier). This variable may include seats allocated in several different upper segments (tiers).
PERCENTAGE OF SEATS ABOVE THE FIRST SEGMENT (TIER) - LOWER HOUSE
C5073D5073E5070
Percentage of seats allocated in electoral districts above the lowest segment (tier).Percentage of seats allocated in electoral districts above the lowest segment (tier).Percentage of seats allocated in electoral districts above the lowest segment (tier).
FUSED VOTE
C5074D5074E5071
This indicates whether a fused vote was used for presidential and legislative elections. A fused vote is when a citizen casts a single ballot for the elections of more than one political office. This particular variable captures when the single ballot is for the presidency and the legislature. Citizens are unable to divide their votes among the candidates or lists of different parties. Split-ticket voting is expressly prohibited.This indicates whether a fused vote was used for presidential and legislative elections. A fused vote is when a citizen casts a single ballot for the elections of more than one political office. This particular variable captures when the single ballot is for the presidency and the legislature. Citizens are unable to divide their votes among the candidates or lists of different parties. Split-ticket voting is expressly prohibited.This indicates whether a fused vote was used for presidential and legislative elections. A fused vote is when a citizen casts a single ballot for the elections of more than one political office. This particular variable captures when the single ballot is for the presidency and the legislature. Citizens are unable to divide their votes among the candidates or lists of different parties. Split-ticket voting is expressly prohibited.
SIZE OF THE LOWER HOUSE
C5075D5075E5072
Total number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the election year.Total number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the election year.Total number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the election year.
DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT
DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT
DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT
DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT
A5028_1B5034_1
A5028_2B5034_2
A5028_3B5034_3
A5028_4B5034_4
For each primary electoral district, how many members are elected from that district?For each primary electoral district, how many members are elected from that district?
AVERAGE DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - LOWEST TIER - LOWER HOUSE
AVERAGE DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - SECOND TIER - LOWER HOUSE
AVERAGE DISTRICT MAGNITUDE - THIRD TIER - LOWER HOUSE
C5064D5064E5061
C5067D5067E5064
C5070D5070E5067
Average district magnitude in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier). This is calculated as the total number of seats allocated in the [lowest/second/third] segment (tier) divided by the total number of districts in that segment (tier).Average district magnitude in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier). This is calculated as the total number of seats allocated in the [lowest/second/third] segment (tier) divided by the total number of districts in that segment (tier).Average district magnitude in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier). This is calculated as the total number of seats allocated in the [lowest/second/third] segment (tier) divided by the total number of districts in that segment (tier).
SECONDARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT
SECONDARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT
SECONDARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT
SECONDARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT
A5029_1B5035_1
A5029_2B5035_2
A5029_3B5035_3
A5029_4B5035_4
How many secondary electoral districts are there?How many secondary electoral districts are there?
TERTIARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT
TERTIARY DISTRICTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT
TERTIARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT
TERTIARY DISTRICTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT
A5030_1B5036_1
A5030_2B5036_2
A5030_3B5036_3
A5030_4B5036_4
How many tertiary electoral districts are there?How many tertiary electoral districts are there?
COMPULSORY VOTING
A5031B5037IMD5007
Is voting compulsory?Is voting compulsory?Is voting compulsory?
Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.
COMPULSORY VOTING - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
COMPULSORY VOTING - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
COMPULSORY VOTING - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
COMPULSORY VOTING - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5044_1D5044_1E5046_1IMD5007
C5044_2D5044_2E5046_2
C5044_3D5044_3E5046_3
C5044_4D5044_4E5046_4
Is voting compulsory? Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.Is voting compulsory? Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.Is voting compulsory?
Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.
Is voting compulsory?
Definition: Voting is compulsory if the law states that all those who have the right to vote are obliged to exercise that right.
VOTES CAST - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTES CAST - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTES CAST - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTES CAST - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
A5032_1B5038_1C5038_1D5038_1E5040_1IMD5016_1
A5032_2B5038_2C5038_2D5038_2E5040_2IMD5016_2
A5032_3B5038_3C5038_3D5038_3E5040_3IMD5016_3
A5032_4B5038_4C5038_4D5038_4E5040_4IMD5016_4
How many votes do they or can they cast?How many votes do they or can they cast?How many votes do voters cast or can cast? In systems where voters rank order the candidates, if there are 10 candidates (for example), the response to this question should be 10.How many votes do voters cast or can cast? In systems where voters rank order the candidates, if there are 10 candidates (for example), the response to this question should be 10.How many votes do voters cast or can cast? In systems where voters rank order the candidates, if there are 10 candidates (for example), the response to this question should be 10.How many votes do voters cast or can cast? In systems where voters rank order the candidates, if there are 10 candidates (for example), the response to this question should be 10.
VOTING PROCEDURE - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTING PROCEDURE - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTING PROCEDURE - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTING PROCEDURE - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
A5033_1B5039_1C5039_1D5039_1E5041_1IMD5017_1
A5033_2B5039_2C5039_2D5039_2E5041_2IMD5017_2
A5033_3B5039_3C5039_3D5039_3E5041_3IMD5017_3
A5033_4B5039_4C5039_4D5039_4E5041_4IMD5017_4
With each vote allocated in this segment, voters select:With each vote allocated in this segment, voters select:Do they vote for candidates (not party lists) or party lists? Definition: Party bloc voting is used in multi-member districts where voters cast a single party-centered vote for their party of choice; the party with the most votes wins all of the district seats.Do they vote for candidates (not party lists) or party lists? Definition: Party bloc voting is used in multi-member districts where voters cast a single party-centered vote for their party of choice; the party with the most votes wins all of the district seats.Do they vote for candidates (not party lists) or party lists? Definition: Party bloc voting is used in multi-member districts where voters cast a single party-centered vote for their party of choice; the party with the most votes wins all of the district seats.Do they vote for candidates (not party lists) or party lists? Definition: Party bloc voting is used in multi-member districts where voters cast a single party-centered vote for their party of choice; the party with the most votes wins all of the district seats.
VOTING ROUNDS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTING ROUNDS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTING ROUNDS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
VOTING ROUNDS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5040_1D5040_1E5042_1IMD5018_1
C5040_2D5040_2E5042_2IMD5018_2
C5040_3D5040_3E5042_3IMD5018_3
C5040_4D5040_4E5042_4IMD5018_4
How many rounds of voting are there?How many rounds of voting are there?How many rounds of voting are there?How many rounds of voting are there?
TRANSFERABLE VOTES
B5040
Are the votes transferable?
TRANSFERABLE VOTES - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
TRANSFERABLE VOTES - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
TRANSFERABLE VOTES - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
TRANSFERABLE VOTES - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5042_1D5042_1E5044_1
C5042_2D5042_2E5044_2
C5042_3D5042_3E5044_3
C5042_4D5042_4E5044_4
Are the votes transferable? Definition: In systems with preferential voting, a voter can express a list of preferences. E.g., votes can be cast by putting a '1' in the column next to the voter's preferred candidate, a '2' beside their second favorite candidate and so on. Votes are counted according to the first preferences and any candidates who have achieved the predetermined quota are elected. To decide which of the remaining candidates are elected the votes are transferred from candidates who have more than the necessary number to achieve the quota and from the candidate with the least number of votes. An example of this is the election in Ireland in 2002.Are the votes transferable? Definition: In systems with preferential voting, a voter can express a list of preferences. E.g., votes can be cast by putting a '1' in the column next to the voter's preferred candidate, a '2' beside their second favorite candidate and so on. Votes are counted according to the first preferences and any candidates who have achieved the predetermined quota are elected. To decide which of the remaining candidates are elected the votes are transferred from candidates who have more than the necessary number to achieve the quota and from the candidate with the least number of votes. An example of this is the election in Ireland in 2002.Are the votes transferable? Definition: In systems with preferential voting, a voter can express a list of preferences. For example, votes can be cast by putting a '1' in the column next to the voter's preferred candidate, a '2' beside their second favorite candidate and so on. Votes are counted according to the first preferences and any candidates who have achieved the predetermined quota are elected. To decide which of the remaining candidates are elected the votes are transferred from candidates who have more than the necessary number to achieve the quota and from the candidate with the least number of votes. An example of this is the election in Ireland in 2002.
CUMULATED VOTES - IF MORE THAN ONE CAN BE CAST
B5041
If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated?
CUMULATED VOTES - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
CUMULATED VOTES - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
CUMULATED VOTES - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
CUMULATED VOTES - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5043_1D5043_1E5045_1
C5043_2D5043_2E5045_2
C5043_3D5043_3E5045_3
C5043_4D5043_4E5045_4
If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated? Definition: Cumulative voting refers to systems in which voters are allowed to cast more than one vote for a single candidate.If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated? Definition: Cumulative voting refers to systems in which voters are allowed to cast more than one vote for a single candidate.If more than one vote can be cast, can they be cumulated?
Definition: Cumulative voting refers to systems in which voters are allowed to cast more than one vote for a single candidate.
ELECTORAL FORMULA - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT
ELECTORAL FORMULA - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT
ELECTORAL FORMULA - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT
ELECTORAL FORMULA - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT
A5034_1B5043_1
A5034_2B5043_2
A5034_3B5043_3
A5034_4B5043_4
What electoral formula(e) are used?What electoral formula(e) are used?
ELECTORAL FORMULA - LOWEST TIER - LOWER HOUSE
ELECTORAL FORMULA - SECOND TIER - LOWER HOUSE
ELECTORAL FORMULA - THIRD TIER - LOWER HOUSE
C5065D5065E5062
C5068D5068E5065
C5071D5071E5068
The precise electoral formula used in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) of the lower house.The precise electoral formula used in the [first or lowest/second/third] electoral segment (tier) of the lower house.
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS ELECTORAL FORMULA
D5057E5054IMD5014
This variable indicates what electoral formula was used to elect the president.This variable indicates what electoral formula was used to elect the president.This variable indicates what electoral formula was used to elect the president. The variable is coded in all cases where presidents are elected by the electorate.
ELECTORAL FORMULA IN ALL ELECTORAL SEGMENTS (TIERS)
D5058E5055IMD5013
This is a variable indicating whether the country uses (i) a majoritarian formula in all of its electoral segments (tiers), (ii) a proportional formula in all of its electoral segments (tiers), or (iii) a mixed formula.This is a variable indicating whether the country uses (i) a majoritarian formula in all of its electoral segments (tiers), (ii) a proportional formula in all of its electoral segments (tiers), or (iii) a mixed formula.The precise electoral formula used in the first or lowest electoral segment (tier) of the lower house.
IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
IS THERE PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5045_1D5045_1E5047_1IMD5021_1
C5045_2D5045_2E5047_2IMD5021_2
C5045_3D5045_3E5047_3IMD5021_3
C5045_4D5045_4E5047_4IMD5021_4
Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?
PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
PARTY THRESHOLD - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
PARTY THRESHOLD - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
A5035_1B5042_1C5046_1D5046_1E5048_1IMD5022_1
A5035_2B5042_2C5046_2D5046_2E5048_2IMD5022_2
A5035_3B5042_3C5046_3D5046_3E5048_3IMD5022_3
A5035_4B5042_4C5046_4D5046_4E5048_4IMD5022_4
Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats? If so, what is the threshold? (percentage of vote)Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats? If so, what is the threshold? (percentage of vote)If yes, what is the threshold?If YES in Question 21a, what is the threshold?If YES in Question 20a, what is the threshold?Are there legally mandated thresholds that a party must exceed before it is eligible to receive seats?
UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
UNIT FOR THE THRESHOLD - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5047_1D5047_1E5049_1
C5047_2D5047_2E5049_2
C5047_3D5047_3E5049_3
C5047_4D5047_4E5049_4
If yes, what is the unit for the threshold mentioned?If YES in Question 21a, what is the unit for the threshold mentioned in Question 21b?If YES in Question 21a, what is the unit for the threshold mentioned in Question 21b?
PARTY LISTS - CLOSED, OPEN, OR FLEXIBLE
B5044
If there are lists, are they closed, open, or flexible?
PARTY LISTS - LOWER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
PARTY LISTS - LOWER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
PARTY LISTS - UPPER - FIRST SEGMENT (TIER)
PARTY LISTS - UPPER - SECOND SEGMENT (TIER)
C5041_1D5041_1E5043_1
C5041_2D5041_2E5043_2
C5041_3D5041_3E5043_3
C5041_4D5041_4E5043_4
If there are lists, are they closed, open, flexible, or is there party bloc voting?If there are lists, are they closed, open, flexible, or is there party bloc voting?If there are lists, are they closed, open, flexible, or is there party bloc voting?
CAN PARTIES RUN JOINT LISTS
A5036B5045
Can parties run joint lists?Can parties run joint lists?
REQUIREMENTS FOR JOINT PARTY LISTS
A5037B5049C5033D5033E5035
If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.If joint lists are possible, are they subject to different regulations than single-party lists? For example higher thresholds, different numbers of candidates that may appear on the list, etc.
THE POSSIBILITY OF APPARENTEMENT
A5038B5046C5034D5034E5036
Is there apparentement or linking of party lists?Is there apparentement or linking of party lists?Is there apparentement or linking of lists?Is there apparentement or linking of lists?Is there apparentement or linking of lists?
TYPES OF APPARENTEMENT AGREEMENTS
A5039B5050C5035D5035E5037
If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?If apparentement is possible, what lists can participate in such agreements?
MULTI-PARTY ENDORSEMENTS
A5040B5047C5036D5036E5038
Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?Can candidates run with the endorsement of more than one party?
MULTI-PARTY ENDORSEMENTS ON BALLOT
A5041B5051C5037D5037E5039
If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?If candidates can run with the endorsement of more than one party, is this reflected on the ballot?
ALLY PARTY SUPPORT
A5042B5048
Can parties withdraw their lists or candidates in some constituencies, urging their supporters there to vote for an ally's list or candidate?Can parties withdraw their lists or candidates in some constituencies, urging their supporters there to vote for an ally's list or candidate?
NUMBER OF MONTHS SINCE LAST LOWER HOUSE ELECTION
D5055E5052
Indicates the number of months between the current election and the previous national lower chamber election (if current election renews the national lower chamber), or the most recent national lower chamber election (if current election does not renew the national lower chamber).Indicates the number of months between the current election and the previous national lower chamber election (if current election renews the national lower chamber), or the most recent national lower chamber election (if current election does not renew the national lower chamber).
NUMBER OF MONTHS SINCE LAST PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
D5056E5053
Indicates the number of months between the current and previous presidential election. This variable does not signify that the election chose either the nominal or effective head of government.Indicates the number of months between the current and previous presidential election. This variable does not signify that the election chose either the nominal or effective head of government.
HEAD OF STATE - INTRODUCE LEGISLATION
A5043B5065
Does the head of state have power of introduce legislation?Does the head of state have power of introduce legislation?
HEAD OF STATE - EXPEDITED ACTION
A5044B5066
Does the Head of State have power to require expedited action on specific legislation? If yes, what is the default if the legislature takes no action?Does the Head of State have power to require expedited action on specific legislation? (i.e., set a deadline by which the legislature is required to act on the bill)?
HEAD OF STATE - PACKAGE VETO
A5045B5067
Does the Head of State have package veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the veto?Does the Head of State have package veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the veto?
HEAD OF STATE - PARTIAL VETO
A5046B5068
Does Head of State partial veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the partial veto?Does the Head of State have partial veto powers? If yes, what is the requirement to override the veto?
HEAD OF STATE - LEGISLATE BY DECREE
A5047B5069
Does the Head of State have power to legislate by decree? If yes, does this require that the legislature must first specifically delegate decree authority to the Head of State by statute? If yes, are there restrictions on the policy areas in which the Head of State can legislate by decree? If yes, are there other restrictions on the Head of State's authority to legislate by decree?Does the Head of State have power to issue decrees with the power of law? (to legislate by decree?)
HEAD OF STATE - EMERGENCY POWERS
A5048B5070
Does the Head of State emergency powers? If yes, what actions can the head of state take under emergency authority? If yes, under what conditions can the head of state invoke emergency authority? If yes, what restrictions are there on the head of state's authority to invoke and exercise emergency authority?Does the Head of State have emergency powers?
HEAD OF STATE - POSTPONE ELECTION
A5049
Do emergency powers allow head of state to postpone scheduled elections or extend presidential/legislative terms indefinitely?
HEAD OF STATE - NEGOTIATE AGREEMENTS
A5050B5071
Does the Head of State have power to negotiate treaties and international agreements? If yes, what other requirements are there for approval of treaties and international agreements negotiated by the head of state?Does the Head of State have power to negotiate treaties and international agreements? If yes, what other requirements are there for approval of treaties and international agreements negotiated by the head of state?
HEAD OF STATE - COMMANDER OF FORCES
A5051B5072
Does the Head of State have power as commander of the armed forces?Does the Head of State have power as commander of the armed forces?
HEAD OF STATE - PROMOTION OF OFFICERS
A5052
If yes, does the Head of State control promotions of high ranking officers?
HEAD OF STATE - DEMOTION OF OFFICERS
A5053
If yes, can the Head of State dismiss or demote high-ranking officers?
HEAD OF STATE - MOBILIZE TROOPS
A5054
If yes, can the Head of State mobilize and demobilize troops?
HEAD OF STATE - INTRODUCE REFERENDA
A5055B5073
Does the head of State have power to introduce referenda? If yes, under what conditions?Does the head of State have power to introduce referenda or plebiscites? If yes, under what conditions?
HEAD OF STATE - REFER LEGISLATION TO JUDICIARY
A5056B5074
Does the Head of State have the power to refer legislation to the judicial branch for review of constitutionality?Does the Head of State have the power to refer legislation to the judicial branch for review of constitutionality?
HEAD OF STATE - LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS
A5057B5075
Does the Head of State have power to convene special legislative sessions? If yes, is this the Head of State's power exclusively, or can any other(s) do this as well?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - NAME MINISTERS
A5058B5084_1
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the composition of the cabinet?Does the Head of Government have the authority to name ministers and assign portfolios alone?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - NOMINATE MINISTERS
B5084_2
Does the Head of Government have the authority to nominate ministers for approval by the president?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - REVIEW MINISTERIAL NOMINATIONS
B5084_3
Does the Head of Government have the authority to review and approve ministerial nominations made by the president?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - DISMISS MINISTERS
B5084_4
Does the Head of Government have the authority to dismiss ministers and reassign portfolios at own discretion?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - CABINET - OTHER
B5084_5
Does the Head of Government have some other authorities over the cabinet (please explain)?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - OTHER
B5084_6
If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Other (please explain)?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - CHAIR CABINET MEETINGS
A5059B5085_1
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Chairs cabinet meetings?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Chairs cabinet meetings?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - LEGISLATURE SCHEDULES
A5060B5085_2
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Determines schedule of issues to be considered by the legislature?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Determines schedule of issues to be considered by the legislature?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - POLICY ALTERNATIVES
A5061B5085_3
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Determines which alternatives will be voted on by the legislature and in which order?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Determines which alternatives will be voted on by the legislature, and in which order?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - REFERS POLICY TO COMMITTEE
A5062B5085_4
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Refers legislative proposals to party or legislative committees?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Refers legislative proposals to party or legislative committees?
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT - POLICY - VOTES OF CONFIDENCE
A5063B5085_5
If there is a prime minister, what authorities does the prime minister have over the policy making process? Calls votes of confidence in government?If there is a Head of Government, What authority does the Head of Government have over the policy making process? Calls votes of confidence in government?
CABINET DISMISSAL - HEAD OF STATE
A5064B5086_1
By what method(s) can cabinet members, or the entire cabinet, be dismissed?By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By the head of state acting alone?
CABINET DISMISSAL - HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
B5086_2
By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By the prime minister acting alone?
CABINET DISMISSAL - MAJORITY OF LEGISLATURE
B5086_3
By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By majority vote of the legislature where a majority of all legislators is required?
CABINET DISMISSAL - PLURALITY OF LEGISLATURE
B5086_4
By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By majority vote of the legislature where a majority of those legislators voting is required?
CABINET DISMISSAL - COMBINATION
B5086_5
By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? By some combination of the above, acting in concert (Please explain)?
CABINET DISMISSAL - OTHER
B5086_6
By what method(s) can the cabinet be dismissed? Other (Please explain)?
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE
A5065B5087
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly schedule elections?Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly schedule elections?
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - HEAD OF STATE
B5087_1
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By the head of state acting alone?
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
B5087_2
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By the prime minister acting alone?
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - MAJORITY OF LEGISLATURE
B5087_3
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By majority vote of the legislature?
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - COMBINATION
B5087_4
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - By some combination of the above, acting in concert (Please explain)?
DISSOLUTION OF LEGISLATURE - OTHER
B5087_5
Can the legislature be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections? If yes - Other (Please explain)?
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE
A5066B5088
... are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved?If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved?
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE - TIMING
B5088_1
If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved? On the timing of dissolution?
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE - INACTION
B5088_2
If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved? As a response to action/inaction by the legislature?
RESTRICTIONS ON DISSOLVING LEGISLATURE - OTHER
B5088_3
If the legislature can be dissolved prior to regularly scheduled elections, are there restrictions on when and how the legislature can be dissolved? Other (Explain)?
SECOND CHAMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE
B5089
Is there a second chamber of the legislature?
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - METHOD OF ELECTION
B5090
If there is a second chamber of the legislature, what is the method of election?
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - COMPOSITION
B5091
If there is a second chamber and it is indirectly elected, are those who choose its members:
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - EXCLUSIVE LEGISLATIVE POWERS
B5092
If there is a second chamber, does it have specific and exclusive legislative powers?
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - EXCLUSIVE LEGISLATIVE POWERS
B5092
If there is a second chamber, does it have specific and exclusive legislative powers?
IF THERE IS SECOND CHAMBER - POWER OVER THE CABINET
B5093
If there is a second chamber, does it have the power to remove the cabinet or censure its ministers?
CONSTITUTIONAL FEDERAL STRUCTURE
B5094C5090D5099E5073
Is there a constitutionally guaranteed division of power between the central government and regional and/or local governments?Is the country federal?Is the country federal?Is the country federal?
CENTRAL POWER OVER PERIPHERY
B5095
Does the central government have the power to remove elected officials of regional and/or local governments?
AGE OF CURRENT REGIME
IMD5049
The number of years since the most recent regime change (definedThe number of years since the most recent regime change (defined by a three-point change in the POLITY score over a period of three years or less) or the end of transition period defined by the lack of stable political institutions (denoted by a standardized authority score) [Variable "Durable" from Polity IV Project Dataset Users' Manual].
FREEDOM HOUSE RATING - TIME T
FREEDOM HOUSE RATING - TIME T-1
FREEDOM HOUSE RATING - TIME T-2
C5050_1D5050_1E5090_1IMD5050_1
C5050_2D5050_2E5090_2IMD5050_2
C5050_3D5050_3E5090_3IMD5050_3
These variables report Freedom House's rating of freedom in a country at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). Each country and territory is assigned a numerical rating, on a scale of 1 to 7. A rating of 1 indicates the highest degree of freedom and 7 the least amount of freedom. CSES reports average of the "Political Rights" and "Civil Liberties" scores.These variables report Freedom House's rating of freedom in a country at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). Each country and territory is assigned a numerical rating, on a scale of 1 to 7. A rating of 1 indicates the highest degree of freedom and 7 the least amount of freedom. CSES reports average of the "Political Rights" and "Civil Liberties" scores.These variables report Freedom House's rating of freedom in a country at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). Each country and territory is assigned a numerical rating, on a scale of 1 to 7. A rating of 1 indicates the highest degree of freedom and 7 the least amount of freedom. CSES reports average of the "Political Rights" and "Civil Liberties" scores.These variables report Freedom House's rating of freedom in a country at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).Each country and territory is assigned a numerical rating, on a scale of 1 to 7. A rating of 1 indicates the highest degree of freedom and 7 the least amount of freedom.
CSES reports average of the "Political Rights" and "Civil Liberties" scores.
DEMOCRACY-AUTOCRACY - POLITY IV RATING - TIME T
DEMOCRACY-AUTOCRACY - POLITY IV RATING - TIME T-1
DEMOCRACY-AUTOCRACY - POLITY IV RATING - TIME T-2
C5051_1D5051_1E5091_1IMD5051_1
C5051_2D5051_2E5091_2IMD5051_2
C5051_3D5051_3E5091_3IMD5051_3
These variables report POLITY IV ratings of institutionalized democracy versus autocracy in a country, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). CSES reports the original variable POLITY - Combined Polity Score. The variable is constructed by subtracting the autocracy score from the democracy score; the resulting scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to -10 (strongly autocratic).These variables report POLITY IV ratings of institutionalized democracy versus autocracy in a country, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). CSES reports the original variable POLITY - Combined Polity Score. The variable is constructed by subtracting the autocracy score from the democracy score; the resulting scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to -10 (strongly autocratic).These variables report POLITY IV ratings of institutionalized democracy versus autocracy in a country, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). CSES reports the original variable POLITY - Combined Polity Score. The variable is constructed by subtracting the autocracy score from the democracy score; the resulting scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to -10 (strongly autocratic).These variables report POLITY IV ratings of institutionalized democracy versus autocracy in a country, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
CSES reports the original variable POLITY - Combined Polity Score. The variable is constructed by subtracting the autocracy score from the democracy score; the resulting scale ranges from +10 (strongly democratic) to -10 (strongly autocratic).
AGE OF THE CURRENT REGIME
C5052D5052E5050
The number of years since the most recent regime change (defined by a three-point change in the POLITY score over a period of three years or less) or the end of transition period defined by the lack of stable political institutions (denoted by a standardized authority score) [From Polity IV Project Dataset Users' Manual].The number of years since the most recent regime change (defined by a three-point change in the POLITY score over a period of three years or less) or the end of transition period defined by the lack of stable political institutions (denoted by a standardized authority score) [From Polity IV Project Dataset Users' Manual].The number of years since the most recent regime change (defined by a three-point change in the POLITY score over a period of three years or less) or the end of transition period defined by the lack of stable political institutions (denoted by a standardized authority score) [Variable "Durable" from Polity IV Project Dataset Users' Manual].
REGIME: TYPE OF EXECUTIVE
C5054D5054E5051
Classification of political regimes in which democracies are distinguished by the type of executive (0 Dictatorship, 1 Parliamentary Democracy, 2 Mixed Democracy, 3 Presidential Democracy).Classification of political regimes in which democracies are distinguished by the type of executive (0 Dictatorship, 1 Parliamentary Democracy, 2 Mixed Democracy, 3 Presidential Democracy).Classification of political regimes in which democracies are distinguished by the type of executive (0 Dictatorship, 1 Parliamentary Democracy, 2 Mixed Democracy, 3 Presidential Democracy).
GDP GROWTH - ANNUAL % (WORLD BANK) - TIME T
GDP GROWTH - ANNUAL % (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1
GDP GROWTH - ANNUAL % (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2
C5080_1D5080_1E5093_1IMD5052_1
C5080_2D5080_2E5093_2IMD5052_2
C5080_3D5080_3E5093_3IMD5052_3
These variables report World Bank estimate of the annual GDP growth, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the annual GDP growth, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the annual GDP growth, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the annual GDP growth, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
GDP PER CAPITA, PPP (WORLD BANK) - TIME T
GDP PER CAPITA, PPP (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1
GDP PER CAPITA, PPP (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2
C5081_1D5081_1E5094_1IMD5053_1
C5081_2D5081_2E5094_2IMD5053_2
C5081_3D5081_3E5094_3IMD5053_3
These variables report World Bank estimate of the GDP per capita, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the GDP per capita, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the GDP per capita, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the GDP per capita, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
INFLATION, GDP DEFLATOR (ANNUAL %) (WORLD BANK) - TIME T
INFLATION, GDP DEFLATOR (ANNUAL %) (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1
INFLATION, GDP DEFLATOR (ANNUAL %) (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2
C5082_1D5082_1E5095_1IMD5056_1
C5082_2D5082_2E5095_2IMD5056_2
C5082_3D5082_3E5095_3IMD5056_3
These variables report World Bank estimate of Inflation at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of Inflation at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of Inflation at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of Inflation at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (UNDP) - TIME T
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (UNDP) - TIME T-1
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (UNDP) - TIME T-2
C5083_1D5083_1E5097_1IMD5055_1
C5083_2D5083_2E5097_2IMD5055_2
C5083_3D5083_3E5097_3IMD5055_3
These variables report UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
POPULATION, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T
POPULATION, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1
POPULATION, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2
C5084_1D5084_1E5098_1IMD5057_1
C5084_2D5084_2E5098_2IMD5057_2
C5084_3D5084_3E5098_3IMD5057_3
These variables report World Bank estimate of the total population size, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the total population size, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the total population size, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the total population size, at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2
C5085_1D5085_1E5099_1IMD5054_1
C5085_2D5085_2E5099_2IMD5054_2
C5085_3D5085_3E5099_3IMD5054_3
These variables report World Bank estimate of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimate of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimates of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimates of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL FOR PEOPLE AGED 15-24 YEARS (WORLD BANK) - TIME T
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL FOR PEOPLE AGED 15-24 YEARS (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-1
UNEMPLOYMENT, TOTAL FOR PEOPLE AGED 15-24 YEARS (WORLD BANK) - TIME T-2
E5100_1
E5100_2
E5100_3
These variables report World Bank estimates of the unemployment rate (% of total labor force), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
GINI COEFFICIENT OF EQUALIZED DISPOSABLE INCOME
E5092
This variable reports the Gini coefficient of equalized income in the year of election.disposable
COUNTRY SUBJECT TO IMF CONDITIONALITY AT ELECTIOn
E5101
Is the Polity subject to IMF conditionality at election?
TI CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX
D5086E5102
This variable reports the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). The Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries worldwide, scoring them from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).This variable reports the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). The Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries worldwide, scoring them from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION INDEX - TIME T
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION INDEX - TIME T STANDARD ERROR
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION INDEX - TIME T-1
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION INDEX - TIME T-1 STANDARD ERROR
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION INDEX - TIME T-2
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION INDEX - TIME T-2 STANDARD ERROR
E5103_1
E5103_1se
E5103_2
E5103_2se
E5103_3
E5103_3se
These variables report the World Bank Control of Corruption Index at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2). The numbers are available in two formats, percentile rank (E5103_1, E5103_2, and E5103_3) and standard errors (E5103_1se, E5103_2se, and E5103_3se).
QOG EXPERT JUDGEMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR: FIRMS PROVIDE KICKBACKS TO PUBLIC SERVANTS
QOG EXPERT JUDGEMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR: PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES AND HOW THEY TREAT SOCIETY
QOG EXPERT JUDGEMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR: TREAT CASES IMPARTIALLY
QOG EXPERT JUDGEMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR: STRIVE TO FOLLOW RULES
E5104_1
E5104_2
E5104_3
E5104_4
QOG expert judgment of public sector: Firms that provide the most favorable kickbacks to senior officials are awarded public procurement contracts in favor of forms making the lowest bid.
QOG expert judgment of public sector: When deciding to implement policies in individual cases, public sector employees treat some groups in society unfairly.
QOG expert judgment of public sector: Generally speaking, how often would you say that public sector employees today, in our chose country, act impartially when deciding how to implement a policy in an individual case?
QOG expert judgment of public sector: Public sector strive to follow rules.employees
NET MIGRATION RATE
D5088
This variable reports the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over a period, divided by the person-years lived by the population of the receiving country over that period. Expressed as net number of migrants per 1,000 population, covering 5-year period.
NET MIGRATION RATE 2000-2005
NET MIGRATION RATE 2005-2010
NET MIGRATION RATE 2010-2015
NET MIGRATION RATE 2015-2020
E5105_1
E5105_2
E5105_3
E5105_4
This variable reports the net difference in the number of migrants as an average estimate of the net number of migrants per 1,000 of the population during the period [2000-2005/2005-2010/2010-2015/2015-2020].
The variable is calculated by taking the number of immigrants
minus the number of emigrants and dividing by the person/years
lived by the population of the receiving country over that period. A positive value represents more people entering the country than leaving it. A negative value represents more people leaving than entering the country.
POPULATION BY CITIZENSHIP: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION WHO ARE CITIZENS
POPULATION BY CITIZENSHIP: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION FOREIGN BORN/NOT CITIZEN
POPULATION BY CITIZENSHIP: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION UNKNOWN CITIZENSHIP STATUS
E5106_1
E5106_2
E5106_3
Population by citizenship (citizens).
Population by citizenship (foreigners).
Population by citizenship (unknown).
LINGUISTIC FRACTIONALIZATION
RELIGIOUS FRACTIONALIZATION
ETHNIC FRACTIONALIZATION
E5107
E5108
E5109
Linguistic Fractionalization Index (Alesina et al., 2003).
Religious Fractionalization Index (Alesina et al., 2003).
Ethnic Fractionalization Index (Alesina et al., 2003).
POLTIY FRAGMENTATION INDEX
E5110
This variable contains information about "the operational existence of a separate polity, or polities, comprising substantional territory and population within the recognized borders of the state and over which the coded polity execises no effective authority (effective authority may be participatory or coercive)." (POLITY IV Project)
GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE (%GDP) - T
GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE (%GDP) - T-1
GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE (%GDP) - T-2
D5089_1
D5089_2
D5089_3
These variables report World Bank estimates of the General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T
HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-1
HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-2
D5091_1
D5091_2
D5091_3
These variables report World Bank estimates of the Total health expenditure (% of GDP) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
MILITARY EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T
MILITARY EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-1
MILITARY EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME T-2
D5092_1
D5092_2
D5092_3
These variables report World Bank estimates of the Military expenditure (% of GDP) at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT, TOTAL (% GDP) TIME T
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT, TOTAL (% GDP) TIME T-1
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT, TOTAL (% GDP) TIME T-2
D5093_1E5096_1
D5093_2E5096_2
D5093_3E5096_3
These variables report World Bank estimates of the Central government debt, total (% of GDP), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).These variables report World Bank estimates of the Central government debt, total (% of GDP), at three time periods: the election year (time T), one year before election (T-1), and two years before election (T-2).
PERCENTAGE OF INDIVIDUALS USING THE INTERNET
D5095E5111
This variable reports the Percentage of individuals using the Internet.This variable reports the Percentage of individuals using the Internet.
MOBILE PHONE SUBSCRIPTIONS PER 100 INHABITANTS
D5096E5112
This variable reports the number of mobile-cellular subscriptions per 100 inhabitants.This variable reports the number of mobile-cellular subscriptions per 100 inhabitants.
FIXED TELEPHONE LINES PER 100 INHABITANTS
D5097E5113
This variable reports the number of Fixed-telephone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants.This variable reports the number of Fixed-telephone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants.
ELECTORAL RESULTS DATA AVAILABLE
C5092D5101
Are electoral results data available?Are electoral results data available?
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY A
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY B
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY C
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY D
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY E
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY F
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY G
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY H
MANIFESTO RESEARCH ON POLITICAL REPRESENTATION (MARPOR/CMP) IDENTIFIER - PARTY I
E5200_A
E5200_B
E5200_C
E5200_D
E5200_E
E5200_F
E5200_G
E5200_H
E5200_I
These variables contain the party identification codes from the Manifesto Research on Political Representation (MARPOR/CMP) project. Codes are provided for parties that are assigned an alphabetical code (A-I) by the CSES and for polities, for which MARPOR/CMP identifiers are available.
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY A
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY B
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY C
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY D
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY E
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY F
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY G
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY H
PARLIAMENTS AND GOVERNMENT DATABASE (PARLGOV) IDENTIFIER - PARTY I
E5201_A
E5201_B
E5201_C
E5201_D
E5201_E
E5201_F
E5201_G
E5201_H
E5201_I
These variables contain the party identification codes from the Parliaments and Government Database (ParlGov) project. Codes are provided for parties that are assigned an alphabetical code (A-I) by the CSES and for polities, for which ParlGov identifiers are available.
PARTY A IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY B IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY C IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY D IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY E IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY F IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY G IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY H IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
PARTY I IDENTIFIER - NUMERICAL
IMD5000_A
IMD5000_B
IMD5000_C
IMD5000_D
IMD5000_E
IMD5000_F
IMD5000_G
IMD5000_H
IMD5000_I
Numeric Party Code Identifier for Parties A-I (see variable notes).