Full Bibliography

The listings are arranged in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. Selecting the first letter of an author’s last name will go to the section containing the listing.

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Aarts, K. (2006, March 28-29,). Determining the Pattern of Party Evaluations: Proximity and Directional Models of Ideology. Paper presented at the CSES Conference and Planning Committee Meeting, Seville, Spain.

Aarts, K., & Aardal, B. (2011). Patterns of Party Evaluations. In M. Rosema, B. Denters, & K. Aarts (Eds.), How Democracy Works: Political Representation and Policy Congruence in Modern Societies: Essays in Honour of Jacques Thomassen (pp. 159-179). Amsterdam: Pallas Publications – Amsterdam University Press.

Aarts, K., Blais, A., & Schmitt, H. (Eds.). (2011). Political Leaders and Democratic Elections. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Aarts, K., & Thomassen, J. (2008). Satisfaction with Democracy: Do Institutions Matter? Electoral Studies, 27(1), 5-18. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.005

Aarts, K., & Thomassen, J. J. A. (2005, April 10-11,). Electoral Institutions and Satisfaction With Democracy. Paper presented at the International Conference on “Elections and Democratic Governance”, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica (IPSAS), Taipei, Taiwan.

Ǻberg, M., & Sandberg, M. (2003). Social Capital and Democratisation: Roots of Trust in Post-Communist Poland and Ukraine. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Abou-Chadi, T. (2018). Electoral competition, political risks, and parties’ responsiveness to voters’ issue priorities. Electoral Studies, 55, 99-108. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2018.08.012

Abou-Chadi, T., & Stoetzer, L. F. (2020). How Parties React to Voter Transitions. American Political Science Review, 114(3), 940-945. doi:10.1017/S0003055420000155

Achen, C. H. (2005). Two-Step Hierarchical Estimation: Beyond Regression Analysis. Political Analysis, 13(4), 447-456. doi:10.1093/pan/mpi033

Acree, B. (2012). Effective Parties and Voter Choice: Revisiting Sociotropic and Pocketbook Voting. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Southern Political Science Association.

Adams, J. (2015). On the relationship between (parties’ and voters’) issue attention and their issue positions: response to Dowding, Hindmoor and Martin. Journal of Public Policy, 6. doi:10.1017/S0143814X1500015X

Alber, J., & Kohler, U. (2007). Die Ungleichheit der Wahlbeteiligung in Europa und den USA und die politische Integrationskraft des Sozialstaats. Leviathan, 35(4), 510-539. doi:10.1007/s11578-007-0030-6

Alber, J., & Kohler, U. (2008, July 2008). The Inequality of Electoral Participation in Europe and America and the Politically Integrative Functions of the Welfare State. WZB Discussion Paper, Berlin.

Alberro, I. N. (2007). Do the Poor Go to the Voting Booths? A Reevaluation of the Socioeconomic Model of Turnout in Established and merging Democracies. (Ph.D.), Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=1310423931&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=17822&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Albright, J. (2006, April 20-23,). Party Discipline, Voter Heterogeneity, and the Notion of Representation: The Strange Case of Spain. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Albright, J. (2008). Election Campaigns and Voter Realignments. (Ph.D.), Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=1679682991&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=17822&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Albright, J. J. (2009). Does Political Knowledge Erode Party Attachments?: A Review of the Cognitive Mobilization Thesis Electoral Studies, 28(2), 248-260. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2009.01.001

Albritton, R., & Bureekul, T. (2006, July 9-13,). Consolidating Democracy in Thailand: The First Four Years of Democracy under the Constitution of 1997. Paper presented at the 20th World Congress of the International Political Science Association, Fukuoka, Japan.

Aldrich, J., Mehling, K. R., & Renberg, K. M. (2019). Of Time and Partisan Stability in Former Soviet States. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington DC.

Aldrich, J., & Popa, S. (2008, April 25-26, ). Clarity of Party Positions on Ideology: A Cross-National Analysis. Paper presented at the CSES Conference: Political Institutions – Rationality – Electoral Behavior, Warsaw, Poland.

Aldrich, J. H., Dorobantu, S., & Fernández, M. A. (2010). The Use of the Left-Right Scale in Individual’s Voting Decisions. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington D.C.

Aldrich, J. H., Fernandez, M., Ley, S. J., & Schober, G. (2013). Uncertainty or Ambiguity? Sources of Variation in Ideological Placements of Political Parties. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago.

Aldrich, J. H., Gibson, R. K., Cantijoch, M., & Malgalhaes, P. (2014). Offline and Online Political Mobilization: Prevalence and Consequences on Electoral Participation. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.

Aldrich, J. H., Gibson, R. K., & Magalhaes, P. C. (2019). Political Parties & New Modes of Mobilization in Comparative Perspective. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington DC.

Aldrich, J. H., & Lerner, J. Y. (2016). Institutional Influences on Behavior and Selection Effects. Paper presented at the American Political Science Association (APSA), Philadephia, PA.

Alvarez, R. M., & Katz, G. (2009). Structural Cleavages, Electoral Competition and Partisan Divide: A Bayesian Multinomial Probit Analysis of Chile’s 2005 Election. Electoral Studies, 28(2), 177-189. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.08.001

Amat, F., & Baramendi, P. (2019). Economic Shocks, Party Competition and Turnout. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington DC.

Anderson, C. (2019). How Electoral Systems Shape What Voters Think About Democracy. In P. J. Loewen & D. Rubenson (Eds.), Duty and Choice: The Evolution of the Study of Voting and Voters (pp. 201-236). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Anderson, C. D. (2004, June 3-5,). Economic Voting and Multi-level Governance: An Individual-level Analysis. Paper presented at the 77th Annual Conference of the Canadian Political Science Association, Winnipeg, Canada.

Anderson, C. D. (2006). Economic Voting and Multi-level Governance: A Comparative Individual-Level Analysis. American Journal of Political Science, 50(2), 449-463. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00194.x

Anderson, C. J., & Beramendi, P. (2005, September 1-4, ). Income Inequality and Turnout Inequality in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Paper presented at the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C.

Anderson, C. J., & Beramendi, P. (2012). Left Parties, Poor Voters, and Electoral Participation in Advanced Industrial Societies. Comparative Political Studies, 45(6), 714-746. doi:10.1177/0010414011427880

Anderson, C. J., & Just, A. (2012). Legitimacy from above: the partisan foundations of support for the political system in democracies. European Political Science Review, 5(3), 335-362. doi:10.1017/S1755773912000082

Anderson, C. J., & Just, A. (2012). Partisan legitimacy across generations. Electoral Studies, 31(2), 306-316. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2011.11.003

Anderson, C. J. B., André; Bowler, Shaun; Donovan, Todd; Listhaug, Ola (Ed.) (2007). Losers’ Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Anduiza, E., Hernandez, E., & Rico, G. (2019). Negative Partisanship: Polarization or Disaffection? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington DC.

Arenas Gómez, J. C., & Escobar, J. C. E. (2000). Las elecciones de octubre en Medellín: candidaturas, temas y resultados. Estudios Políticos, 17, 91-118. doi:64614624

Arian, A., & Shamir, M. (2001). Context and Comparison in Election Research: The Israel National Election Study. In E. Katz & Y. Warshel (Eds.), Election Studies: What’s Their Use? (pp. 127-148). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Arnold, J. R. (2007, ). Contextualizing Political Knowledge: A Cross-National, Multilevel Approach.

Arnold, J. R. (2007, August 30, ). Individual and Contextual Effects on Political Knowledge. Paper presented at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago.

Arnold, J. R. (2008). Public Ignorance and the Quality of Democracy. (Ph.D.), University of Minnesota, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=1579685661&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=17822&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Arnold, J. R. (2010). The Electoral Consequences of Voter Ignorance in Western Europe. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Chicago.

Bădescu, G. (2004). Cultural Heritage and Romanian Civil Society. In H.-D. Klingemann, D. Fuchs, R. Inglehart, & J. Zielonka (Eds.), Pathways to Democratic Community (pp. 22). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bădescu, G., & Sum, P. (2000, August 1-5, ). Political Choice in an Unstructured Party System: The Importance of the Left-Right Schema in Post-Communist Europe. Paper presented at the 18th World Congress of the International Political Science Association, Québec City, Canada.

Bădescu, G., & Sum, P. (2005, April 10-13, ). The Importance of Left-Right Orientations in the New Democracies. Paper presented at the International conference on “Elections and Democratic Governance”, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica (IPSAS), Taipei, Taiwan.

Bădescu, G., & Sum, P. (2005, August 30-31, ). Mapping Political Preferences: The Emergence of Citizen Left-Right Orientations in New Democracies. Paper presented at the CSES Plenary Session, Washington D.C.

Bădescu, G., & Sum, P. (2008). Ideological Voting: A Cross-national Analysis of Left-Right Orientations on Voting Behavior. Studia Politica, (53, 1).

Baek, M. (2009). Political Communication Systems and Voter Participation. (Ph.D. ), University of Texas at Austin, Austin. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=1878376781&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=17822&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Bågenholm, A., Dahlberg, S., & Solevid, M. (2014). Does Politicization of Corruption Affect Turnout? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.

Bajarunieni, R., Curtice, J., Diez Nicolas, J., Hernandez, O., Holmberg, S., Klingemann, H.-D., . . . Tóka, G. (2009). The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems: Final Report of the 1995-96 Planning Committee. In H.-D. Klingemann (Ed.), The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Baldini, G., & Pappalardo, A. (Eds.). (2008). Elections, Electoral Systems and Volatile Voters. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Baldwin, K., & Huber, J. D. (2010). Economic versus cultural differences: Forms of ethnic diversity and public goods provision. American Political Science Review, 104(104), 18. doi:10.1017/S0003055410000419

Banducci, S. A., & Karp, J. A. (2000). Gender, Leadership and Choice in Multiparty Systems. Political Research Quarterly, 53(4), 815-848. doi:10.1177/106591290005300407

Banducci, S. A., & Karp, J. A. (2004). The 2002 Election in Comparative Context. In J. Vowles (Ed.), Voters’ Veto. The 2002 Election in New Zealand and the Consolidation of Minority Government (pp. 150-166). Auckland, NZ: Auckland University Press.

Banducci, S. A., & Karp, J. A. (2009). Electoral Systems, Efficacy, and Voter Turnout. In H.-D. Klingemann (Ed.), The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (pp. 109-134). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Barcelo, J., & Muraoka, T. (2018). The effect of variance in district magnitude on party system inflation. Electoral Studies, 54, 44-55. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2018.04.016

Bargsted, M. A., & Kedar, O. (2007, April 12,). Voting for Coalitions: Strategic Voting under Proportional Representation. Paper presented at the 65th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Bargsted, M. A., & Kedar, O. (2009). Coalition-Targeted Duvergerian Voting: How Expectations Affect Voter Choice under Proportional Representation. American Journal of Political Science, 53(2), 307-323. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2009.00372.x

Barnes, T., Duch, R. M., & Stevenson, R. (2010). Clarity about Clarity: Sorting through Competing Explanations for the Clarity of Responsibility Hypothesis. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Bartle, J., & Belluci, P. (Eds.). (2009). Political Parties and Partisanship: Social identity and individual attitudes (Vol. 57): Routledge.

Batista Pereira, F. (2015). Gendered political contexts: the gender gap in political knowledge.

Bawn, K., & Somer-Topcu, Z. (2012). Government versus Opposition at the Polls: How Governing Status Affects the Impact of Policy Positions. American Journal of Political Science, 56(2), 433-446. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00563.x

Bean, C. S. (2008, 6-9 July,). How Well Does the Political System Represent the Public Interest? A Comparison of Voter Perceptions in Australia and New Zealand. Paper presented at the Australian Political Studies Association 2008 Conference, Brisbane, Australia.

Beard, V. P. (2006, April 20-23,). Democratic Behaviors in Emerging African Democracies: The Role of Gender and Religion. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Beauregard, K. (2013). Gender, political participation and electoral systems: A cross-national analysis. European Journal of Political Research. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12047

Beauregard, K. (2013). The Influence of Parties, Ideology and Party Polarization on Gender Gaps in Political Participation. Paper presented at the 3rd European Conference on Politics and Gender, Barcelona, Spain. draft retrieved from

Bélanger, É. (2004). Antipartyism and Third-Party Vote Choice. A Comparison of Canada, Britain and Australia. Comparative Political Studies, 37(9), 1054-1078. doi:10.1177/0010414004268847

Beltrán, U. (2005). Do Economic Differences or Institutions Explain Variance in the Economic Vote Among Countries? Paper presented at the International conference on “Elections and Democratic Governance”, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica (IPSAS), Taipei, Taiwan.

Beltrán, U. (2006, April 20-23,). Contextual Effects on the Individual Rationality: Economic Conditions and Vote. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Beltrán, U. (2007, April 12-14,). Efectos contextuales sobre la racionalidad individual: Condiciones Económicas y voto retrospectivo. Paper presented at the Primer Congreso Latinoamericano de Opinión Pública, Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay.

Beltrán, U. (2007). Institutional Contexts and Individual Decisions: Fourth National CIDE-CSES Survey. Politica y Gobierno, 14(2), 467-490. doi:999

Beltrán, U. (2008, April 25-26, ). Contextual Effects on the Individual Rationality: Economic Conditions, Institutional Arrangements and Retrospective Vote. Paper presented at the CSES Conference: Political Institutions – Rationality – Electoral Behavior, Warsaw School of Social Psychology, Warsaw Poland.

Bengtsson, Å. (2005). Inclusiveness or Accountability: What brings about the most Responsive System? Paper presented at the Workshop no. 15 “Democracy, accountability and political behaviour”, Nordic Political Science Association, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Bengtsson, Å. (2005, April 10-11, ). Prerequisites for Accountability and Political Efficacy. Paper presented at the International Conference on “Elections and Democratic Governance”, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica (IPSAS), Taipei, Taiwan.

Bergh, J., & Jenssen, A. T. (2016). When Does the Economy Matter? A Multilevel Analysis of Economic Voting. Paper presented at the American Political Science Association (APSA), Philadelphia, PA.

Bermudez Torres, S. (2010). The effects of partisanship, ideology and leadership on turnout: Under which institutional settings are these relationships enforced? . Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Conference Chicago.

Bernauer, J. (2010). Descriptive Representation and Satisfaction with Democracy. A Multilevel Analysis of Twenty-Nine Eastern European Minorities. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), Chicago.

Bernauer, J., Giger, N., & Rosset, J. (2010). The Substantial Representation of Subconstituency Interests in European Democracies. Paper presented at the 17th International Conference of the Council for European Studies.

Bernauer, J., Giger, N., & Rosset, J. (2013). Mind the gap: Do proportional electoral systems foster a more equal representation of women and men, poor and rich? International Political Science Review. doi:10.1177/0192512113498830

Bernauer, J., Giger, N., & Vatter, A. (2014). New Patterns of Democracy in the Countries of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems 2. In J. J. A. Thomassen (Ed.), Elections and Democracy. Representation and Accountability (pp. 20-37). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bernauer, J., Rosset, J., & Giger, N. (2012). Relative Turnout of the Poor and Responsiveness of Parties in Europe. A Chicken-and-Egg Dilemma? . Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Midwest Political Science Assosiation (MPSA), Chicago.

Bernauer, J., & Vatter, A. (2012). Can’t get no satisfaction with the Westminster model? Winners, losers and the effects of consensual and direct democratic institutions on satisfaction with democracy. European Journal of Political Research, 51(4), 435-468. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.02007.x

Bernhagen, P. (2005, September 1,). Information, Organization and Structural Power: Estimating Business Influence over Environmental Policy in 22 OECD Countries. Paper presented at the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.

Bernhagen, P. (2005, April 7-10, ). The Political Power of Business: Environmental Regime Stringency and Information Asymmetry in Thirty-one Capitalist Democracies. Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Bernhagen, P. (2006, March 22,). Political Power and International Environmental Agreements: Business Influence over Participation and Compliance. Paper presented at the 47th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, San Diego.

Bernhagen, P. (2007). The Political Power of Business: Structure and Information in Public Policymaking. London, New York: Routledge

Bernhagen, P. (2008). Business and International Environmental Agreements: Domestic Sources of Participation and Compliance by Advanced Industrialized Democracies. Global Environmental Politics, 8(1), 78-110. doi:10.1162/glep.2008.8.1.78

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2003). Citizen Participation: Voting and Beyond. Paper presented at the “Democracy in the New Europe” conference of the Institute d’Etudes Politiques de Paris, Dijon, France.

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2004). Turnout Matters: Sometimes. Paper presented at the Uppsala 2004 ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Uppsala, Sweden.

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2004). Turnout Matters: Sometimes. Paper presented at the International conference on “Elections and Democratic Governance”, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica (IPSAS), Taipei, Taiwan.

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2007). The Partisan Effects of Low Turnout: Analyzing Vote Abstention as a Missing Data Problem. Electoral Studies, 26(3), 548-560. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2006.10.002

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2007). Voting and Protesting: Explaining Citizen Participation in Old and New European Democracies. Democratization, 14(1), 44-72. doi:10.1080/13510340601024298

Bernhagen, P., & Marsh, M. (2010). Missing Voters, Missing Data: Using Multiple Imputation to Estimate the Effects of Low Turnout. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 20(4), 447-472. doi:10.1080/17457289.2010.512840

Berz, J. (2019). Potent executives: the electoral strength of prime ministers in Central Eastern Europe. East European Politics. doi:10.1080/21599165.2019.1662400

Best, R. E. (2011). Do Voters have a Choice? Establishment-Party Polarization and Support for Non-Establishment-Parties in 13 Advanced Industrialized Democracies. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), Chicago.

Best, R. E. (2019). Party Positions, Voter Discontent, and Support for Non-Viable Parties. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington DC.

Best, R. E., Budge, I., & Mcdonald, M. D. (2012). Representation as a median mandate: Taking cross-national differences seriously. European Journal of Political Research, 51(1), 1-23. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.01996.x

Best, S. J., & Radcliff, B. (Eds.). (2005). Polling America: an Encyclopedia of Public Opinion (Vol. 1). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Birch, S. (2005, September 9-11, ). Explaining Confidence in the Conduct of Elections. Paper presented at the 2009 Annual Conference of the Elections, Public Opinion and Parties Group of the Political Studies Association, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom.

Birch, S. (2005, September 1-4, ). Perceptions of Electoral Fairness and Voter Turnout. Paper presented at the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.

Birch, S. (2007, August 30 – September 2). Compulsory Electoral Participation and Political Legitimacy. Paper presented at the 103rd Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Birch, S. (2007). Electoral Systems and Electoral Misconduct. Comparative Political Studies, 40(12), 1533-1556. doi:10.1177/0010414006292886

Birch, S. (2008). Electoral Institutions and Popular Confidence in Electoral Processes: A Cross-National Analysis. Electoral Studies, 27(2), 305-320. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2008.01.005

Birch, S. (2008). Electoral Management Bodies and the Electoral Integrity: Evidence from Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Electoral Malpractice and Electoral Manipulation in New and Semi-Democracies, (Working paper no. 2).

Birch, S. (2009). Electoral Corruption. In T. Landman & N. Robinson (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Comparative Politics (pp. 395-409). London: Sage Publications.

Birch, S. (2009, September 10-12, ). Electoral System Design and Electoral Malpractice. Paper presented at the 5th General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research Potsdam, Germany.

Birch, S. (2009). Full Participation: a Comparative Study of Compulsory Voting. New York: United Nations University Press.

Birch, S. (2010). Perceptions of Electoral Fairness and Voter Turnout. Comparative Political Studies, 43(12), 1601-1622. doi:10.1177/0010414010374021

Birch, S. (2011). Post-Soviet Electoral Practices in Comparative Perspective. Europe-Asia Studies, 63(4), 703-725. doi:10.1080/09668136.2011.566431

Birch, S. (2016). Globalization and the Quality of Elections. In J. Vowles & G. Xezonakis (Eds.), Globalization and Domestic Politics. Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion (pp. 173-188). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Birnir, J. K. (2007). Divergence in Diversity? The Dissimilar Effects of Cleavages on Electoral Politics in New Democracies. American Journal of Political Science, 51(3), 602-619. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00270.x

Bischof, D. S., Roman. (2017). Simple politics for the people? Complexity in campaign messages and political knowledge. European Journal of Political Research. doi:10.1111/1475-6765.12235

Blais, A. (2000). Who Votes? In A. Blais (Ed.), To Vote or Not to Vote: The Merits and Limits of Rational Choice Theory. Pittsburgh: University of Pitsburgh Press.

Blais, A. (2003, April 3-6, ). How Do Losers Assess Electoral Democracy? Paper presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Blais, A. (2013). Evaluating U.S. Electoral Institutions in Comparative Perspective. In J. H. Nagel & R. M. Smith (Eds.), Representation. Elections and Beyond (pp. 15-25). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Blais, A., Arel-Bundock, V., Dassonneville, R., Guntermann, E., & Laslier, J.-F. (2019). Voters’ electoral outcome utility. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), Chicago, IL.

Blais, A., Gidengil, E., Nadeau, R., & Nevitte, N. (2001). Measuring Party Identification: Britain, Canada and the United States. Political Behavior, 23(1), 18. doi:0190-9320/01/0300-0005$19.50/0

Blais, A., Guntermann, E., & Bodet, M. A. (2006). Does Proportional Representation Foster closer Congruence between Citizens and Policy Makers? Comparative Political Studies, 39(10), 1243-1262. doi:10.1177/0010414005284374

Blais, A., Guntermann, E., & Bodet, M. A. (2016). Linking Party Preferences and the Composition of Government: A New Standard for Evaluating the Performance of Electoral Democracy. Political Science Research and Methods, 5(2), 315-331. doi:10.1017/psrm.2015.78

Blais, A., & Loewen, P. (2006, August 31- September 3). Electoral Systems and Evaluations of Democracy. Paper presented at the 102nd Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia.

Blais, A., & Loewen, P. (2007). Electoral Systems and Evaluations of Democracy. In W. Cross (Ed.), Democratic Reform in New Brunswick (pp. 39-57). Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Boonen, J., Pedersen, E. F., & Hooghe, M. (2014). The influence of political sophistication and party identification on party-voter congruence: a comparative analysis of 37 countries. Paper presented at the Elections, Public Opinion and Parties Conference, Edinburgh.

Borg, S., & Paloheimo, H. (2003, October 3-4, ). Research and Data on Finnish Elections: An Overview. Paper presented at the CSES Plenary Session, Stockholm, Sweden.

Borooah, V. K., Katos, A. B., & Katsouli, E. (2013). Inter-country differences in voter satisfaction with the democratic process: a study of world elections. Public Choice, 157(3-4), 569-584. doi:10.1007/s11127-013-0134-2

Bosch, A., & Orriols, L. (2014). Ballot Structure and Satisfaction with Democracy. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 24(4), 493-511. doi:10.1080/17457289.2014.888434

Bousbah, K. S. (2012). The mediating effect of the institutional/electoral and the welfare context on the political participation of young citizens. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, New Orleans.

Bovens, M., & Wille, A. (2007, September 6-9, ). Diploma Democracy: The Disappearance of the Less Educated from Political Life. Paper presented at the 4th General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research, Pisa, Italy.

Bowler, S., & Donovan, T. (2000, December 8-10,). Public Attitudes About Changing Political Institutions. Paper presented at the Political Economy Conference, Washington University.

Boyle, B. (2019). Engineering Democracy: Electoral Laws and Voter Turnout. Paper presented at the 5th Leuven-Monteral Winter School, Leuven, Belgium.

Brader, T. (2009, April 02-04, ). Of Time and Partisan Stability Revisited: The Post-Communist Puzzle. Paper presented at the 67th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Brader, T. A., & Tucker, J. A. (2008, August 28-31, ). Do Party Cues Affect Policy Opinions in New Party Systems? Survey Experiments in Three Post-Communist Countries. Paper presented at the 104th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston.

Brader, T. A., & Tucker, J. A. (2010). Follow the Leader: Party Cues, Policy Opinion, and the Power of Partisanship in Three Multiparty Systems. Oxford.

Brader, T. A., Tucker, J. A., & Therriault, A. (2010). The Cross-Pressured Citizen. Revisiting Social Influence on Voting Behavior. In.

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Tóka, G. (2000). Politikai ismeretszint és választói magatartás: Magyarországon nemzetközi összehasonlításban (Political Knowledge and Voting Behaviour: Hungary in Cross-National Comparison). In T. Kolosi, I. G. Tóth, & G. Vukovich (Eds.), Társadalmi Riport 2000 (Social Report 2000) (pp. 573-590). Budapest: TÁRKI.

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Tóka, G. (2002). Issue Voting and Party Systems in Central and Eastern Europe. In D. Fuchs, E. Roller, & B. Wessels (Eds.), Bürger und Demokratie in Ost und West. Studien zur politischen Kultur und zum politischen Prozess – Citizens and Democracy in East and West. Studies in Political Culture and the Political Process (pp. 169-185). Opladen (Ger): Westdeutscher Verlag.

Tóka, G. (2002, 2002). Voter Inequality, Turnout and Information Effects in a Cross-National Perspective. Helen Kellogg Institute Working Paper Series #297. The Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN.

Tóka, G. (2003). Can Voters Be Equal? A Cross-national Analysis: Part 1. Review of Sociology, 9(2), 51-72. doi:10.1556/098.9.2.j7208w70r4g53035

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Tóka, G. (2004). Can Voters Be Equal? A Cross-national Analysis: Part 2. Review of Sociology, 10(1), 51-72. doi:10.1556/098.9.2.j7208w70r4g53035

Tóka, G. (2004, March 11-13,). The Impact of Turnout on Election Outcomes in a Cross-National Perspecive. Paper presented at the 14th Biennial Conference of Europeanists “Europe and the World: Integration, Interdependence, Exceptionalism?”, Chicago, IL.

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Tóka, G. (2008). Citizen Information, Election Outcomes and Good Governance. Electoral Studies, 27(1), 31-44. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.006

Tóka, G. (2008, April 25-26,). The Impact of Full Turnout on the Policy Positions of the Median Voter. Paper presented at the CSES Conference: Political Institutions – Rationality – Electoral Behavior, Warsaw School of Social Psychology, Warsaw Poland.

Tóka, G. (2009). Expressive Versus Instrumental Motivation of Turnout, Partisanship and Political Learning. In H.-D. Klingemann (Ed.), The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (pp. 269-288). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Torcal, M. (2003). Political Disaffection and Democratization History in New Democracies. Helen Kellogg Institute Working Paper Series #308. The Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, Notre Dame, IN.

Traber, D., Giger, N., & Hausermann, S. (2018). How economic crises affect political representation: declining party‒voter congruence in times of constrained government. West European Politics, 41(5), 1100-1124. doi:10.1080/01402382.2017.1378984

Tumanov, S., Gasparishvili, A., & Rotman, D. (2006, March 28-31,). Political Parties and Electoral Preferences in Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Paper presented at the CSES Conference and Planning Commmittee Meeting, Seville, Spain.

Turgeon, M. (2008, July 09,). Measuring and Explaining Political Sophistication in a Comparative Context. Paper presented at the 31st Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Sciences Po, Paris, France.

Turgeon, M., & Lloyd, R. (2017). Measuring Political Knowledge in Cross-National Contexts: Enhancing Comparability between Different Political Information Structures. Paper presented at the Latin America Studies Association (LASA) Conference, Lima, Peru. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317370832_Measuring_Political_Knowledge_in_Cross-National_Contexts_Enhancing_Comparability_between_Different_Political_Information_Structures

Tverdova, Y. (2007, August 30 – September 2,). How Widespread is Corruption? A Cross-National Study. Paper presented at the 103rd Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Tverdova, Y. V. (2011). See no Evil: Heterogeneity in Public Perceptions of Corruptions. . Canadian Journal of Political Science, 44(1), 25. doi:10.10170S0008423910001101

Tverdova, Y. V. (2011). What Drives Party Loyalty? Candidate Evaluations, Party Evaluations, and Macrocontext. Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, New Orleans, LA.

Ullrich, H. (2004, September 2-5,). The Impact of Policy Networks in Agricultural Trade Liberalization During the Uruguay and Doha Rounds: The Role of Ideas, Interests and Institutions. Paper presented at the 100th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Van Coppenolle, B. (2011). Electoral Systems and Information Processing by Voters: the Effecto of District Magnitude and List Type on Candidate Recognition and Political Contact. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology.

Van der Meer, T., & Scheepers, P. (2007, September 6-8, ). The politicised participant? Explaining the impact of left-right position on political participation. Paper presented at the 4th General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research, Pisa, Italy.

Van der Meer, T. W. G., & Van Deth, J. W. (2009). The Politicised Participant: Ideology and Political Action in 20 Democracies. Comparative Political Studies, 42(11), 1426-1457. doi:10.1177/0010414009332136

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Van Hauwaert, S. M. (2015). An initial profile of the ideologically volatile voter in Europe: The multidimensional role of party attachment and the conditionality of the political system. Electoral Studies. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2015.06.005

Vander Weyden, P. (2006, August 30-September 3, ). Electoral Systems, Ethnic Minorities and Time in New Democracies. The Use of Multilevel Models. Paper presented at the 102nd Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA.

VanDusky-Allen, J. (2017). Winners, losers, and protest behavior in parliamentary systems. Electoral Studies, 54(1), 30-38. doi:10.1016/j.soscij.2016.12.003

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Voogd, R., & Dassonneville, R. (2020). Are the supporters of populist parties loyal voters? Dissatisfaction and stable voting for populist parties. Government and Opposition, 55(3), 349-370. doi:10.1017/gov.2018.24

Vowles, J. (2002, October 2-4, 2002). Is Responsible Party Government Dead? Government Strength or Weakness, Globalisation, and Public Perceptions in 27 Countries, 1996-2001. Paper presented at the 50th Conference of the Australasian Political Studies Association, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Vowles, J. (2002, August 29-September 1, ). Is Responsible Party Government Dead? Government Strength or Weakness, Globalisation, and Public Perceptions in 27 Countries, 1996-2001. Paper presented at the 98th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, MA.

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Vowles, J. (2006, August 31-September 3, ). Comparing Electoral Systems Over Time: An Appraisal After New Zealand’s Fourth Election Under MMP. Paper presented at the 102nd Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Vowles, J. (2007, September 6-9,). Does Globalisation affect Public Perceptions of ‘Who in Power can make a Difference’? Evidence from 37 Countries, 1996-2005. Paper presented at the 4th General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research, Pisa, Italy.

Vowles, J. (2007, April 24-28,). Does Globalization Affect Public Perceptions of “Who is in Power Can Make a Difference”? Evidence from 37 Countries, 1996-2005. Paper presented at the CSES Conference on Monitoring Democracy Development and Electoral Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe, Cologne, Germany.

Vowles, J. (2008). Does Globalization affect Public Perceptions of ‘Who in power can make a Difference’? Evidence from 40 Countries, 1996-2006. Electoral Studies, 27(1), 63-76. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.003

Vowles, J. (2008, April 25-26,). Making a Difference? Coalition and Single Party Governments, Public Perceptions and Turnout. Paper presented at the CSES Conference: Political Institutions – Rationality – Electoral Behavior, Warsaw School of Social Psychology, Warsaw Poland.

Vowles, J. (2010). Making a difference? Public perceptions of coalition, single-party, and minority governments. Electoral Studies, 29(3), 370-380. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2010.03.006

Vowles, J. (2010 ). Electoral System Change, Generations, Competitiveness and Turnout in New Zealand, 1963-2005. British Journal of Political Science, 40(4), 875-895. doi:10.1017/S0007123409990342

Vowles, J. (2016). Globalization, Government Debt, Government Agency, and Political Efficacy: A Cross-National Comparison. In J. Vowles & G. Xezonakis (Eds.), Globalization and Domestic Politics. Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion (pp. 155-171). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vowles, J., & Hellwig, T. (2014). Risk, Policy Preferences, and Party Choice in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.

Vowles, J., & Xezonakis, G. (Eds.). (2016). Globalization and Domestic Politics. Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vowles, J., & Xezonakis, G. (2016). Introduction: Globalization and Domestic Politics. In J. Vowles & G. Xezonakis (Eds.), Globalization and Domestic Politics. Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion (pp. 1-29). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wagner, A. (2011). Duverger meets Downs in Germany. The Impact of Duverger’s Law on Spatial Voting in a Mixed Electoral System. Paper presented at the ECPR General Conference, Reykjavik.

Wagner, A., Lehmann, P., Regel, S., & Schultze, H. (2014). Räumliche Modelle des Repräsentationsgefühls. Vergleichende Analysen mit Fokus auf die Bundestagswahl 2009. Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft(8), 29-56. doi:10.1007/s12286-014-0180-2

Wagner, M. (2011). Explaining perceptions of party polarization: the effects of politicization and information. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), Chicago.

Wagner, M. (2019). Affective Polarization in Multiparty Systems. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington DC.

Wahman, M. (2010, February 17-20,). Oppositional Pre-electoral Coalition Formation in Authoritarian Elections. Paper presented at the 2010 International Studies Association Annual Convention, New Orleans, LA.

Wahman, M. (2011). Offices and policies – Why do oppositional parties form pre-electoral coalitions in competitive authoritarian regimes? Electoral Studies, 30(4), 642-657. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2011.05.009

Wang, Y.-t. (2011). Satisfaction with Democracy and Democratic Accountability Strategies. In. Duke University.

Ward, D. G., & Tavits, M. (2019). How partisan affect shapes citizens’ perception of the political world. Electoral Studies, 60. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2019.04.009

Warwick, P. V. (2007, September 1,). Relative Extremism and Relative Moderation: Strategic Party Positioning in Democratic Systems. Paper presented at the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Warwick, P. V. (2009). Relative Extremism and Relative Moderation. Strategic Party Positioning in Democratic Systems. Political Research Quarterly, 62(2), 276-288. doi:10.1177/1065912908320663

Warwick, P. V. (2010). Bilateralism or the median mandate? An examination of rival perspectives on democratic governance. European Journal of Political Research, 49(1), 1-24. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.01878.x

Warwick, P. V. (2012). Representation as a median mandate? A response to Best, Budge and McDonald. European Journal of Political Research, 51(1), 57-63. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.01999.x

Warwick, P. V. (2016). The Ideological Congruence Illusion: The Impact of Valence. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 41(2), 445-469. doi:10.1111/lsq.12120

Warwick, P. V., & Zakharova, M. (2013). Measuring the median: The risks of inferring beliefs from votes. [This article examines weaknesses in the Kim-Fording measure, which estimates the opinion of the median voter as the average policy position of the political parties, weighted to take account of their shares of the vote. Measures of median voter opinion are widely used, in conjunction with measures of government policy on a comparable scale, to judge the ‘‘congruence’’ of democracies and the responsiveness of government policy to public preferences. Warwick and Zakharova identify key assumptions on which the validity of the measurement depends, including some not mentioned by Kim and Fording when originally proposing their measure, and show how violation of these assumptions would lead to measurement error; they then use survey data from the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems datasets to test how sound these assumptions are in practice, and conclude by discussing the situations in which it is safe to use the Kim-Fording measure and those in which it is not.]. British Journal of Political Science, 43, 157-175. doi:10.1017/S0007123412000269

Wattenberg, M. P. (2002). The New Generation Gap. In M. P. Wattenberg (Ed.), Where have all the voters gone (pp. 82-104). Harvard College: Cambridge, MA.

Wattenberg, M. P. (2002). Where Have All the Voters Gone? Cambridge (USA): Harvard University Press.

Wattenberg, M. P. (2003). Elections: Was the 2000 Presidential Election Fair? An Analysis of Comparative and Retrospective Survey Data. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 33(4), 889-897. doi:10.1046/j.0360-4918.2003.00089.x

Wattenberg, M. P. (2003). Electoral Turnout: The New Generation Gap. In C. Rallings, R. Scully, J. Tonge, & P. Webb (Eds.), British Elections & Parties Review 13 (pp. 122-131). London, UK: Routledge.

Wattenberg, M. P. (2003). Electoral Turnout: The New Generation Gap. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 13(1), 159-173. doi:10.1080/13689880308413092

Weber, T. (2007). Schizophrenic Spaces: Selective Mobilization, Directional Voting, and the Politics of Redistribution. Paper presented at the Jahrestagung der DVPW-Sektion “Politik und Ökonomie”, Kassel.

Weeks, L. (2015). Why are there Independents in Ireland? Government and Opposition. doi:10.1017/gov.2014.47

Weith, P. T. (2011). Let Them Guess: The Sensitivity of Political Information Effects to Variations of Question Format. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Seattle, WA.

Weldon, S., & Dalton, R. J. (2014). Democratic Structures and Democratic Participation: The Limits of Consensualism Theory. In J. J. A. Thomassen (Ed.), Elections and Democracy. Representation and Accountability (pp. 113-152). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Werner, A. (2013). Are Political Parties Failing? An Investigation into the Quality of Representation in Western Europe. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago.

Weßels, B. (2000). Gruppenbindung und Wahlverhalten: 50 Jahre Wahlen in der Bundesrepublik. In M. Klein, W. Jagodzinski, E. Mochmann, & D. Ohr (Eds.), 50 Jahre Empirische Wahlforschung in Deutschland (pp. 129-155). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Weßels, B. (2000). Kanzler- oder Politikwechsel? Bestimmungsgründe des Wahlerfolgs der SPD bei der Bundestagswahl 1998. In J. van Deth, H. Rattinger, & E. Roller (Eds.), Die Republik auf dem Weg zur Normalität? (pp. 35-66). Opladen: Leske and Budrich.

Weßels, B. (2001). Aufrichtiges Wahlverhalten: Parteiorientierungen, Kandidatenbeurteilungen und generalisierte Politikdistanzen. In H.-D. Klingemann & M. Kaase (Eds.), Wahlen und Wähler. Analysen aus Anlass der Bundestagswahl 1998 (pp. 697-716). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Weßels, B. (2002). Ideologische Atomisierung oder Wählerwandel? Wahlverhalten in Deutschland 1976-1998. In F. Brettschneider, J. van Deth, & E. Roller (Eds.), Politik heute: Das Ende der politisierten Sozialstrukter? (pp. 49-80). Opladen: Leske and Budrich.

Weßels, B. (2003, June 29-July 4,). Voting against Preferences? Accountability as a Determinant of Vote Choice. Paper presented at the 19th World Congress of the International Political Science Association, Durban, South Africa.

Weßels, B. (2004). Sachfragen, generalisierte politische Positionen und Leistungsbewertungen: Zur Konditionierung präferenzorientierten Wählens. In J. W. van Deth, F. Brettschneider, & E. Roller (Eds.), Die Bundestagswahl 2002: Analysen der Wahlergebnisse und des Wahlkampfes (pp. 143-166): VS Verlag.

Weßels, B. (2005, April 10-11,). Discount by Account? Striking a Balance for Vote Choice. Paper presented at the International Conference on “Elections and Democratic Governance”, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica (IPSAS), Taipei, Taiwan.

Weßels, B. (2011). Performance and deficits of present-day representation. In S. Alonso, J. Keane, & W. Merkel (Eds.), The Future of Representative Democracy (pp. 96-123). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Weßels, B. (2014). Voters’ Motivations: How and Why Short-Term Factors Grow in Importance. In B. Wessels, H. Rattinger, S. Rossteutscher, & R. Schmitt-Beck (Eds.), Voters on the move or on the run? (pp. 238-262). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wessels, B. (2018). Political Inequality in Voting. In W. Merkel & S. Kneip (Eds.), Democracy and Crisis (pp. 49-69): Springer.

Weßels, B., & Klingemann, H.-D. (2001, September 7-9,). Group Conflict, Voting, and Legitimacy: A Cross-National Perspective on Political Integration. Paper presented at the 1st General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research, Canterbury, UK.

Weßels, B., Rattinger, H., Rossteutscher, S., & Schmitt-Beck, R. (Eds.). (2014). Voters on the move or on the run? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weßels, B., & Schmitt, H. (2006, November 2-3, ). What Shapes Electoral Choice Options? Institutional Determinants of the Distinctiveness of Choice Options. Paper presented at the CSES Conference on Electoral Systems and Electoral Politics, Bangalore, India.

Weßels, B., & Schmitt, H. (2007, April 24-28, ). Meaningful Choices, Political Supply, and Institutional Effectiveness. Paper presented at the CSES Conference on Monitoring Democracy Development and Electoral Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe, Cologne, Germany.

Weßels, B., & Schmitt, H. (2007, August 30 – September 02, ). Meaningful Choices, Political Supply, and Institutional Effectiveness. Paper presented at the 103rd Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Wessels, B., & Schmitt, H. (2007). Meaningful Choices, Political Supply, and Institutional Effectiveness. Working Paper Esterni, (01/07).

Wessels, B., & Schmitt, H. (2008). Meaningful Choices, Political Supply, and Institutional Effectiveness. Electoral Studies, 27(1), 19-30. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.010

Weßels, B., & Wagner, A. (2013). Repräsentation durch Parteien und Kandidaten in vergleichender Perspektive – was macht den Unterschied für das Wahlverhalten? In B. Weßels, H. Schoen, & O. W. Gabriel (Eds.), Wahlen und Wähler. Analysen aus Anlass der Bundestagswahl 2009 (pp. 553-574). Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS.

Williams, N. S., Snipes, A., & SIngh, S. P. (2020). Gender differences in the impact of electoral victory on satisfaction with democracy. Electoral Studies. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2020.102205

Wittrock, J. (2010). Cross-Validating Survey Measures: The EES and CSES Datasets. Paper presented at the PIREDEU Final User Community Conference, Brussels, Belgium.

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Wlezien, C., & Franklin, M. N. (2002). The Future of Election Studies: Introduction. Electoral Studies, 21(2), 157-160. doi:999

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