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CSES Module 4 Fourth Advance Release: Data Set Errata
Posted: April 11, 2017

Updates made to the Advance Release of April 11, 2017, since the Advance Release of June 22, 2016

The fourth advance release of April 11, 2017 contains additions, updates, and improvements to the third advance release of June 22, 2016. Please do not use files from the previous release with files from the current release. Variable names and attributes, as well as the data, have sometimes been changed.

Nine new election studies have been added to the file, bringing the number of election studies included so far in Module 4 to thirty-eight in total. The studies added as of the Fourth Advance Release are: Finland (2015), Great Britain (2015), Hong Kong (2012), Kenya (2013), New Zealand (2014), Philippines (2016), Romania (2012), Slovakia (2016), and South Africa (2014).

Some of the changes and corrections to previously released Module 4 data are listed here, though this is not a comprehensive list:

  1. The appendix of the CSES Module 4 codebook now consists of three sections (previously one). The three sections provide separate information about the party and leader codes (Appendix I), the primary electoral districts (Appendix II), and election summaries (Appendix III).

  2. All sections of the Module 4 codebook (Section 1, Section 2 and Appendix I) now include more extensive information about the CSES coding schemes of parties, leaders, and alliances.

  3. National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD) was added to the Party/Leader table for Germany (2013). The party was included in the dataset but not in the party table.

  4. The values and value lables for variable D1003 (ID VARIABLE - ELECTION STUDY NUMERIC POLITY) for Sweden (2014) and the Czech Republic (2013) were recoded to correct an error in the initial coding fo the election year.

  5. Variables D1003, D1005, and D1007 previously indicated that respondents for Norway (2013) originated from two separate sample components. However, this is not the case and the variables were recoded accordingly.

  6. The variable D1005 (ID VARIABLE - RESPONDENT) was corrected for all cases for Sweden (2014).

  7. Variable D1007 (SAMPLE COMPONENT) for Sweden (2014) previously indiated that there was only one sample component. However, there were four sample components included in the Swden (2014) study, and this has been corrected.

  8. All missing cases for Norway (2013) for variable D1028 (DATE QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED - YEAR) were recoded to the correct CSES missing code "9999. MISSING". These had been coded as "99" before.

  9. Variable D1030 (LANGUAGE OF QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTRATION) was recoded for all respondents for Brazil (2014) from "1. AFRIKAAS" to "097. PORTUGESE".

  10. Data for South Korea (2012) for variable D2003 (EDUCATION) were added to dataset.

  11. Data for variable D2015 (SPOUSE: CURRENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS) for Sweden (2014) were recoded to "99. MISSING". These cases had been coded as "9. PERMANENTLY DISABLED" in the previous release.

  12. The classification schemes for D3006_LH_PF and D3006_UH_PF were revised to include a new category, "2. RESPONDENT CAST PREFERENCE VOTE IN AV/STV SYSTEM". This is to take into acount that a preference vote can be excercised in AV/STV systems, too and that it is distinct to a preference vote in a PR List System. The data for Australia (2013) was recoded accordingly to code "2" for variable D3006_LH_PF.

  13. Variable D2027 (LANGUAGE USUALLY SPOKEN AT HOME) for Turkey (2015) was corrected and recoded after a number of wrong codes were detected.

  14. Variable D3006_LH_PF was recoded from "9. MISSING" to "0. CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE IS NOT APPLICABLE" for all respondents for Canada (2011) because Canadian voters cannot cast a preference vote in the lower house election.

  15. Variable D3006_LH_PF for for Ireland (2011) were recoded from "0. CANDIDATE PREFERENCE VOTE IS NOT APPLICABLE" to "9. MISSING" because voters can cast a preference vote in Ireland but these data are unavailable.

  16. Answers to to D3006_LH_PL and D3008_LH_PL for Canada (2011) were recoded to D3006_LH_DC and D3008_LH_DC to reflect that Canadian voters elect candidates at the district level and not on the basis of party lists. Further, the original data included a number of respondents that had refused to answer the vote choice questions, current and previous. These had been coded as "99. MISSING" but have been recoded to "97. VOLUNTEERED: REFUSED".

  17. Data for variables D3008_UH_DC_1 and D3008_UH_DC_2 were added for Brazil (2014).

  18. For variable D3018_3 (WHICH PARTY DO YOU FEEL CLOSEST TO), 177 respondents for Montenegro (2012) had been coded as feeling close to Bosnjacka Stranka (PARTY 10). This number was incorrect and was corrected accordingly.

  19. Variables D3025_2_A, D3025_2_B, D3025_4_A, and D3025_4_B were recoded to missing for all cases for Canada (2011). These items had been included in a pretest in the original study and differed from the final CSES questionnaire.

  20. Thirteen new district variables were added to account for countries in which nationwide electoral districts are applied. The thirteen new variables have variables names which end in "_N" (for example, D4001_N).

  21. District variables (D4001, D4003, D4004_A-D4004_F and D4005) were recoded for Turkey (2015) after one respondent was found to have been incorrectly coded for all of these variables. This resulted from a wrongly included district "Adapazari" which is part of the larger district "Sakarya". The district table and the coding were adopted accordingly.

  22. Variable D4003 (NUMBER OF PARTY LISTS IN DISTRICT) was recoded from "999. MISSING" to "000. NOT APPLICABLE" for all respondents for Canada (2011) because there are candidates competing in a district but not party lists.

  23. D5015 (NUMBER OF PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN ELECTION) was recoded for respondents for New Zealand (2011) to 13 to reflect the number of parties that received votes at tier 2.

  24. Variables D5023* and D5024* have been corrected for Israel (2013) to indicate the correct date for which the election was scheduled (October 22, 2013) and the date on which the elections were held (January 22, 2013).

  25. D5023_2 and D5024_2 were recoded for respondents for Czech Republic (2013) to reflect that elections were held on two days. It is not coded as "96. SEE ELECTION STUDY NOTES"

  26. D5046_2 was recoded for respondents for New Zealand (2011) to “96.00 OTHER THRESHOLD [SEE ELECTION STUDY NOTES]” (Previously coded as "5") as New Zealand operates an alternative threshold. D5047_2 was recoded for respondents for New Zealand (2011) to “4. OTHER [SEE ELECTION STUDY NOTES]” (Previously coded as "2") as New Zealand operates an alternative threshold.

  27. D5073 was recoded for respondents for New Zealand (2011) to "41.7%". This is to reflect the constant expected value rather than the actual value that varies depending on uberhangmandates

  28. Missing values for D5080_1, D5081_1, D5082_1 and D5082_1 were corrected for Portugal (2015).

  29. Missing codes for D5081_1 - D5081_3 (CDP PER CAPITA) were adjusted from “99999. MISSING” to “999999. MISSING”.

  30. The net Migration Rate data (D5088 - NET MIGRATION RATE) has been separated into two separate measures, D5088_1 (NET MIGRATION RATE 2010-2015) and D5088_2 (NET MIGRATION RATE 2005-2010).

  31. D5086 was recoded for respondents for Brazil (2014) to "43". This previous value was a miscode.

  32. The data for D5091_1 through D5091_3 (HEALTH EXPENDITURE (% GDP) TIME) were updated for all countries as we identifed inconsistencies in the previously released dat